World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cassino, Italy


Cassino, Italy

Città di Cassino

The town of Cassino from the upper part of the town.
Location of Cassino in Italy

Coordinates: 41°30′N 13°50′E / 41.500°N 13.833°E / 41.500; 13.833Coordinates: 41°30′N 13°50′E / 41.500°N 13.833°E / 41.500; 13.833

Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Frosinone (FR)
Frazioni Caira, Montecassino, San Cesareo, San Michele, San Pasquale, Sant'Angelo in Theodice, Sant'Antonino, San Bartolomeo
 • Mayor Giuseppe Golini Petrarcone
 • Total 82.77 km2 (31.96 sq mi)
Elevation 40 m (130 ft)
Population (1 January 2011)
 • Total 33,153
 • Density 400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym Cassinati
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 03043
Dialing code 0776
Patron saint St. Benedict
For other meanings, see Cassino (disambiguation)

Cassino is a comune in the province of Frosinone, Italy, at the southern end of the region of Lazio.

Cassino is located at the foot of Monte Cairo near the confluence of the Gari and Liri rivers. The city is best known as the site of the Abbey of Montecassino and the Battle of Monte Cassino during World War II, which resulted in tremendous Allied and German casualties as well as the near total destruction of the town itself. Today, Cassino is also home to the University of Cassino and a FIAT automotive plant.


Cassino's origins lie in the Volscan settlement of Casinum, sited atop the hill of Cassino near Monte Cairo, five kilometres to the north. Casinum passed under the control of the Samnites, but the Romans eventually gained control of Casinum, establishing a fortified colony there in 312 BC. At least once during Punic Wars, Hannibal passed near Casinum. Casinum was also the site of a villa presumed to belong to Marcus Terentius Varro.

The modern town which arose on the site of the ancient town of Casinum was called San Germano, but on 28 July 1863 the name was officially reverted to "Cassino".

During the renaissance Cassino lay on the northern frontier of the Kingdom of Naples, which was dominated by Spain. In 1504, during the Second Italian War, France attempted to capture the town in the Battle of Cassino, but failed. The dependence of Cassino on Spain lasted until 1860.[1]

The town was the site of fierce fighting during the Battles of Monte Cassino during World War II, when the old town was almost completely destroyed.[1] The town was rebuilt south-east of its prior location in a relatively short time. Because of this, and despite the recent construction of a large number of new roads and roundabouts, the town has a somewhat disorderly road network. The city is developing commercially as well, following the construction of many shopping centres in the environs, which, however, also increase traffic congestion, particularly on the roads leading into the city.

Main sights

The terrain is characterized by rolling green hills, vineyards, and rivers [1]. Because of its valley location, it is often foggy in the winter, with chilly rainfall. Summers are generally quite warm and humid. The main sights of the town are:

  • Abbey of Monte Cassino
  • Natural park of the Varronian Baths, located in the area Varro's villa
  • Rocca Janula, a castle overlooking the city, which was one of Abbey's historical strongholds
  • Cassino War Cemetery
  • Polish Cemetery
  • Remains of a Roman theatre, an amphitheatre, and the Mausoleum of Ummidia Quadratilla.

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Cassino is twinned with:


Cassino's football team plays in the Italian Serie C2.


See also


External links

  • Historiale Museum of Cassino (Italian) (English) (German) (French) (Polish)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.