World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Centre-right politics

Article Id: WHEBN0001860204
Reproduction Date:

Title: Centre-right politics  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Fine Gael, Political spectrum, Authentic Croatian Peasant Party, House of Freedoms, Social Democratic Party (Portugal)
Collection: Centrism, Political Spectrum, Political Terminology, Right-Wing Politics
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Centre-right politics

Centre-right politics, also referred to as moderate-right politics, are politics that lean to the Right-wing politics of the left-right political spectrum, but are closer to the Centrism than other right-wing variants.

From the 1780s to the 1880s, there was a shift in the Western world of social class structure and the economy, moving away from the nobility and mercantilism, and moving towards the bourgeoisie and capitalism.[1][2][3] This general economic shift towards capitalism affected centre-right movements such as the British Conservative Party, that responded by becoming supportive of capitalism.[4]

The right to a free and independent media; the right to religious belief; equality before the law; and individual opportunity and prosperity."[5]

Contents

  • History 1
    • French Revolution to World War II 1.1
    • Post-World War II 1.2
  • See also 2
  • References 3

History

French Revolution to World War II

The prominent inspiration for the centre-right, especially in Britain, was the

  1. ^ Kahan, Alan S. (2010), "The unexpected honeymoon of mind and money, 1730-1830", in Kahan, Alan S., Mind vs. money: the war between intellectuals and capitalism, New Brunswick, New Jersey:  
  2. ^ Shenon, Philip;  
  3. ^   pp. 105. Pdf.
  4. ^ a b c d e Adams, Ian (2001). Political ideology today (2nd ed.). Manchester New York:  
  5. ^ International Democrat Union. (History. Founders. Declaration of Principles.) Accessed on 22 June 2012.
  6. ^  
  7. ^ Adams, Bert; Sydie, R.A. (2001), "Section I The origins of sociological theory: the philosophical precursors of sociology", in Adams, Bert; Sydie, R.A., Sociological theory, Thousand Oaks, California: Pine Forge Press, pp. 25–26,  
  8. ^ a b c d  
  9. ^ a b c d e f Adams, Ian (2001). Political ideology today (2nd ed.). Manchester New York: Manchester University Press. p. 59.  
  10. ^ Adams, Ian (2001). Political ideology today (2nd ed.). Manchester New York: Manchester University Press. p. 206.  
  11. ^ Adams, Ian (2001). Political ideology today (2nd ed.). Manchester New York: Manchester University Press. p. 207.  
  12. ^ Adams, Ian (2001). Political ideology today (2nd ed.). Manchester New York: Manchester University Press. p. 58.  
  13. ^  
  14. ^ Hanley, Seán (2006), "Blue velvet: the rise and decline of the new Czech Right", in Szczerbiak, Aleks; Hanley, Seán, Centre-right parties in post-communist East-Central Europe, London New York: Routledge, p. 37,  
  15. ^ Smith, John (4 March 2015). "Labour's lackluster tuition fee pledge is the tip of the iceberg: mainstream politics is melting away".  
  16. ^  
  17. ^ "The second American revolution: Reagonomics". reaganfoundation.org.  

References

See also

In the United States, President Ronald Reagan (1981–1989) adopted many policies stemming from Milton Friedman's economic theories, including principles from the Chicago school of economics and monetarism.[16] While social conservatives and the rise of the Christian Right contributed greatly to forming the Reagan Coalition, the President also had the support of right-wing economic neoliberals. Utilizing Friedman's neoliberal theories, Reagan's administration cut the wage tax from 73% to 28%, reduced inflation from 14% in Jimmy Carter's final year (1980) to 4% in 1988, and reduced lending interest rates.[17]

Neoliberal economics was endorsed by Conservative British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher who adapted it as part of a free-market conservatism closer to the developments in American conservatism, while traditionalist conservatism became less influential within the British Conservative Party.[12] However the British Conservative Party still has a large traditional conservative base, particularly the Conservative Cornerstone Group. Thatcher publicly supported centre-right politics and supported its spread in Eastern Europe after the end of the Marxist-Leninist regimes in the late 1980s and early 1990s.[13] After the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, a variety of centre-right political parties have emerged there, including many that support neoliberalism.[14][15]

Neoliberalism arose as an economic theory by Milton Friedman that condemned government interventionism in the economy that it associated with socialism and collectivism.[10] Neoliberals rejected Keynesian economics that they claimed advocate too much emphasis on relieving unemployment in response to their observance of the Great Depression, the neoliberals identified the real problem as being with inflation and advocate the policy of monetarism to deal with inflation.[11]

In Europe after World War II, centre-right Christian democratic parties arose as powerful political movements while the authoritarian reactionary Catholic traditionalist movements in Europe diminished in strength.[9] Christian democratic movements became major movements in Austria, the Benelux countries, Germany, and Italy.[9]

Post-World War II

Another centre-right movement that arose in France in response to the French Revolution, was the beginning of the Christian democracy movement, where moderate conservative Catholics accepted the democratic elements of the French Revolution.[9] The first Christian democratic party was founded in Italy in 1919 by Luigi Sturzo, it was suppressed by the Italian Fascist regime and was forced into exile in France.[9] Sturzo in France founded an international movement that supported the creation of a European common market and European integration to prevent war, amongst those who attended the group included future German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, Alcide de Gasperi, and Robert Schuman.[9]

In Britain, the traditionalist conservative movement was represented in the British Conservative Party.[4] Conservative Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Benjamin Disraeli sought to address social problems affecting the working class due to lack of assistance from the laissez-faire economy, and formed his one nation conservatism that claimed that lack of assistance for the lower classes had divided British society into two nations – the rich and the poor as the result of unrestrained private enterprise, he claimed that he sought to break down.[9] Disraeli said that he supported a united British nation while presenting the other parties representing the upper-class or the lower-class.[4] Disraeli was hostile to free trade and preferred aristocratic paternalism as well as promoting imperialism.[4] However, with the revival in Britain of the socialist movement with the rise of the Labour Party, and the demise of the Liberal Party, the Conservative Party shifted to become a supporter of capitalism and an opponent of socialism, while advocacy of capitalism was promoted within the principles of traditionalist conservatism.[4]

[8] and its universal egalitarianism that Burke rebuked by claiming that it effectively endorsed "hairdressers" being able to be politicians.Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen Burke opposed the French Revolution because he opposed its anti-traditionalism and its use of abstract ideas, such as the [8]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.