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Cessna 165

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Cessna 165

Model C-165 Airmaster
Cessna 165 Airmaster at Keevil, Wiltshire, England in May 2006
Role Civil aircraft
Manufacturer Cessna
Designer Dwane Wallace
First flight June 1935
Introduction 1930s
Number built 228[1]

The Cessna Model C-165 Airmaster is a single-engined aircraft manufactured by the Cessna Aircraft Company. The Airmaster played an important role in the revitalization of the Cessna aircraft company in the 1930s after the crash of the aviation industry during the Great Depression.[2]

Development

Initial model

1936-built Cessna C-34 Airmaster at Blackpool (Squires Gate) Airport in 1950

In the middle of the 1930s, as the Great Depression came to an end, the U.S. economy began to strengthen.[2] This was good news for the Cessna Aircraft Company as Dwane Wallace (Clyde Cessna's nephew who was a recently graduated aeronautical engineer) decided to assist his uncle in building more modern airplanes. The design of the first Airmaster is credited to Dwane L. Wallace, and the first flight of the C-34 model was in June 1935.[3] Not long after introduction of the C-34, Clyde Cessna retired from aircraft-building activity, leaving the company to his nephew.

Later models

The original Airmaster, the C-34, evolved into more advanced versions of the Airmaster. The C-37 had a wider cabin, improved landing gear and electric flaps. The C-38 had a taller vertical tail, curved main gear legs and a landing flap under the fuselage.[3] Changes common to both the C-37 and C-38 included wider fuselages and landing gear along with rubber engine mounts to hold the 145 hp (108 kW) Warner Super Scarab engine.[2] The final revisions of the C-34 were the C-145 and the C-165, of which 80 were built. On these models, the belly flaps added on the C-38 were removed and the overall length of the fuselage was increased. The only difference between the C-145 and C-165 was the engine horsepower, with the latter having an upgraded 165 hp (123 kW) Warner engine.[2]

End of the line

It was with the beginning of World War II that the Airmaster line came to an end. The welded tubular fuselage, fabric-covered body, extensive woodwork, wooden wings and radial engines, all characteristic of 1930s-era aircraft technology, became too expensive and slow to produce.[2] The old-style aircraft was quickly replaced with aircraft constructed from aluminium with strut braced wings first seen in the Cessna 120.

Design

The design of the C-34 incorporates characteristics that were borrowed from previous models of Cessna Aircraft. These similarities include the high mounted cantilever wing and the narrow design of the cabin windows.[2] The wings and tail surfaces were composed entirely of wood while the fuselage was structured with steel tubing coupled with wooden stringers and formers.[2] Both C-145 and C-165 models were offered with floats.[4]

Variants

C-34
Four-seat light cabin aircraft, powered by a 145-hp (108-kW) Warner Super Scarab radial piston engine; 42 built.
C-37
the cabin was widened by 12.7 cm (5 in). It was fitted with improved landing gear and electrically operated flaps; 46 built.
C-38
Fitted with wide landing gear with curved legs, plus a taller vertical tail and a landing flap under the fuselage; 16 built.
C-39
Original designation of the Cessna C-145.
C-145
Powered by a 145-hp (108-kW) Warner Super Scarab radial piston engine.
C-165
Powered by a 165-hp (123-kW) Warner Super Scarab radial piston engine.
C-165D
Powered by a 175-hp (130-kW) Warner Super Scarab radial piston engine.
UC-77B
Two Cessna C-34s were impressed into service with the USAF during world War II.
UC-77C
One Cessna C-37 was impressed into service with the USAAF in 1942.
UC-94
Three Cessna C-165s were impressed into service with the USAAF in 1942.

Operators

Military operators

 Australia
 Finland
 United States

Survivors

As of December 31, 2006 there are 69 aircraft in the FAA database with the listed Models (totals) being C-165 (30), C-145 (10), C-34 (8), C-37 (14), and C-38 (7). All are listed as powered by either the Warner SS165 or Warner SS40&50 engines (except that one is listed as powered by an SS185). The year of manufacture for these aircraft ranges from 1934 to 1941 and the serial numbers range from 254 to 588. It is not known how many actually exist and are in flying condition. There is also a C-34 (Serial No. 339) which is registered on the Australian register (VH-UYG),[5] this aircraft is owned by Aeromil and housed at the Sunshine Coast Airport, Queensland.

Serial No. 479 is current under restoration by Klaus Plasa in Germany -http://www.antiqueairfield.com/articles/show/1758-klaus-plasa-s-airmaster-project.

Specifications

Data from

General characteristics

Performance

See also

Related lists

References

Notes
  1. ^ Simpson, 2001, p. 133
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Cessna 165 Airmaster Aircraft performance and specifications". Retrieved 2006-11-28. 
  3. ^ a b Simpson, 2001, p. 132
  4. ^ Phillips, Edward H: Cessna, A Master's Expression, Flying Books, 1985. ISBN 0-91139-04-4
  5. ^ Australian Civil Aircraft Register - http://casa.gov.au/scripts/airsresults.asp?framein=all&manuin=&modelin=®holdin=®opin=&serialin=&num_results=10&VHin=UYG&Search=Search&session=428897373
Bibliography
  • Simpson, Rod (2001). Airlife's World Aircraft. Airlife Publishing Ltd.  

External links

  • A private owner's articles on the Airmaster, complete with a report on the flying qualities of his plane and links to a restoration project showing the internals of an Airmaster's fuselage and wing.
  • Image of Cessna 165
  • "Cessna's Past 'Masters", May 1974 American Aircraft Modeler
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