World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Charles L. Robinson

Article Id: WHEBN0016396497
Reproduction Date:

Title: Charles L. Robinson  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hardin Bigelow, Jonathan M. Davis, Political party strength in Kansas, Kansas State University, Kansas
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Charles L. Robinson

Charles L. Robinson
1st Governor of Kansas
In office
February 9, 1861 – January 12, 1863
Lieutenant Joseph Pomeroy Root
Preceded by Samuel Medary
as Governor of Kansas Territory
Succeeded by Thomas Carney
Personal details
Born July 21, 1818
Hardwick, Massachusetts
Died August 17, 1894(1894-08-17) (aged 76)
Douglas County, Kansas
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Sarah Adams; Sara Tappan Doolittle Lawrence
Profession doctor, newspaper editor, abolitionist
Religion Universalist (preference)

Charles Lawrence Robinson (July 21, 1818 – August 17, 1894) was the first Governor of Kansas. He was also the first governor of a US state to be impeached, although he was not convicted or removed from office. To date he is the only governor of Kansas to be impeached.



Robinson was educated at Hadley and Amherst academies, and at Amherst College. He studied medicine in Woodstock, Vermont, and later in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, where he earned his medical degree at the Berkshire Medical College in 1843. He practiced medicine in Belchertown, Springfield, and Fitchburg.[1][2]


In 1849, he traveled overland to California. He edited a daily paper in Sacramento called the Settler's and Miner's Tribune in 1850, took an active part in the riots of 1850 as an upholder of squatter sovereignty, was seriously wounded, and, while under indictment for conspiracy and murder, was elected to the California legislature. He was subsequently discharged by the court without trial.[2] He represented California's 12th State Assembly district from 1851 to 1852.

He married Sara Tappen Doolittle Lawrence in 1851, and they had two children.[1] She later published Kansas, its Exterior and Interior Life (Boston, 1856), in which she describes the scenes, actors, and events of the struggle between the friends and foes of slavery in Kansas. In 1852, Charles returned to Massachusetts, and conducted in Fitchburg a weekly paper called the News.[2]


In June 1854, Robinson went to Kansas as confidential agent of the New England Emigrant Aid Society, and settled in Lawrence.[2] During the Bleeding Kansas tragedy, Robinson angered many with his passionate support for the Free-Staters, who were promoting a fight against pro-slavery advocates. He was illegally elected Territorial Governor of Kansas under the Topeka Constitution in January 1856. From the spring of 1856 until September, Robinson and several other Free-State leaders, including the son of abolitionist John Brown, were held in custody in Camp Sackett. This United States military camp (named for Delos B. Sackett) was located about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) southwest of Lecompton, Kansas.

In 1861, Robinson took office as Governor of the newly admitted State of Kansas. His impeachment was due to a political rivalry with James H. Lane. He was found not guilty, but it hurt his political career.

Elected to the Kansas State Senate, Robinson served from 1873 to 1881.[3] He was Superintendent of the Haskell Institute from 1887 to 1889, and regent of the University of Kansas for twelve years.[1]

Robinson died on August 17, 1894, and is buried in Oak Hill Cemetery, Lawrence, Douglas County, Kansas.[3]


  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ a b c d  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain
  3. ^ a b

External links

  • Kansas State Historical Society
  • Impeachment of State Officials
  • Charles L. Robinson at Find a Grave
  • National Governors Association
  • The Political Graveyard

Political offices
Preceded by
Office established
Governor of Kansas
Succeeded by
Thomas Carney
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.