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Charles Manners-Sutton

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Charles Manners-Sutton

The Most Revd and Rt Hon
Charles Manners-Sutton
Archbishop of Canterbury
Church Church of England
Province Province of Canterbury
Diocese Diocese of Canterbury
Elected 21 February 1805 (election confirmed), St Mary-le-Bow[1]
Installed 1805
Term ended 21 July 1828 (death)
Predecessor John Moore
Successor William Howley
Other posts Dean of Peterborough
1791–1792
Bishop of Norwich
1792–1805
Dean of Windsor
in commendam, 1794–1805
Personal details
Birth name Charles Manners
Born (1755-02-17)17 February 1755
Died 21 July 1828(1828-07-21) (aged 73)
Lambeth, Surrey, England
Buried 29 July 1828, St Mary the Blessed Virgin Church, Addington, London
Denomination Anglican
Parents Lord George Manners-Sutton & Diana Chaplin
Spouse Mary Thoroton (m. 1778)
Children 2 sons, 10 daughters; incl. Charles, 1st Viscount Canterbury
Alma mater Emmanuel College, Cambridge

Charles Manners-Sutton (Manners before 1762; 17 February 1755 – 21 July 1828) was a bishop in the Church of England who served as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1805 to 1828.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Archbishop of Canterbury 2
  • Works 3
  • Family 4
  • References 5

Life

Manners-Sutton was the fourth son of Lord Robert – the estates of their maternal grandfather Robert Sutton, 2nd Baron Lexinton.

Manners-Sutton was educated at Charterhouse School and the University of Cambridge. He married at age 23, and probably eloped with, his cousin Mary Thoroton, daughter of Col. Thomas Thoroton and his wife Mary (Levett) Thoroton[3] of Screveton Hall, Nottinghamshire, in 1778.[4] (Col. Thomas Blackborne Thoroton later moved to Flintham Hall, Flintham, near Screveton, Nottinghamshire. He was later known as Thomas Thoroton Hildyard. Both Thoroton and his stepbrother Levett Blackborne, Esq., a Lincoln's Inn barrister, had long acted as advisers to John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland, and Col. Thoroton was often resided at Belvoir Castle, the ancestral seat of the Dukes of Rutland.[5])

In 1785, Manners-Sutton was appointed to the family living at Averham with Kelham, in Nottinghamshire, and in 1791, became Dean of Peterborough. He was consecrated Bishop of Norwich in 1792, and two years later received the appointment of Dean of Windsor in commendam.

Archbishop of Canterbury

In 1805 he was chosen to succeed John Moore as Archbishop of Canterbury. During his primacy the old archiepiscopal palace at Croydon was sold and the country palace of Addington bought with the proceeds. He presided over the first meeting which issued in the foundation of the National Society, and subsequently lent the scheme his strong support. He also exerted himself to promote the establishment of the Indian episcopate. As Archbishop of Canterbury, Manners-Sutton appointed his cousin, Evelyn Levett Sutton, a chaplain to Lord Manners, as one of six preachers of Canterbury Cathedral in 1811.[6]

In 1819, he presided over the christening of the future Queen Victoria at Kensington Palace.

He died at Lambeth on 21 July 1828, and was buried 29 July at Addington, in a family vault.[7]

Works

His only published works are two sermons, one preached before the Lords (London, 1794), the other before the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (London, 1797).[7]

Family

Mary Manners-Sutton née Thoroton (1783-1829) (Henry Bone, 1829)

In 1778 he married Mary, daughter of Thomas Thoroton of Screveton, Nottinghamshire, by whom he had a family of two sons and ten daughters.

His son Charles Manners-Sutton served as Speaker of the House of Commons and was created Viscount Canterbury in 1835.[7] His grandson Henry Manners Chichester by his daughter Isabella was a prolific contributor to the Dictionary of National Biography.

Addington Palace was the archbishop's home from 1805 until his death.

References

  1. ^ Lambeth Palace Library Research Guide – Places of Confirmation of Election of Archbishops of Canterbury (Accessed 29 July 2013)
  2. ^ Perceval, A.P. An Apology for the Doctrine of Apostolical Succession: with an Appendix on the English Orders p. 241 (Google Books)
  3. ^ Mary (Levett) Blackborne Sutton was the widow of London merchant Abraham Blackborne and the daughter of Sir Richard Levett, Lord Mayor of London.[2]
  4. ^ The Primates of the Four Georges, Aldred William Rowden, E.P. Dutton & Co., London, 1916
  5. ^ Some Account of the Military, Social and Political Life of Right Hon. John Manners, Walter Evelyn Manners, Macmillan and Co., Limited, London, 1899
  6. ^ Archaeologia Cantiana, Kent Archaeological Society, Vol. XXI, London, 1895
  7. ^ a b c Overton 1893.
Attribution
  •  
  •  
Church of England titles
Preceded by
George Horne
Bishop of Norwich
1792–1805
Succeeded by
Henry Bathurst
Preceded by
John Moore
Archbishop of Canterbury
1805–1828
Succeeded by
William Howley
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