World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Clan Ruthven

Article Id: WHEBN0002507740
Reproduction Date:

Title: Clan Ruthven  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Earl of Gowrie, Clan Moncreiffe, Clan Oliphant, List of tartans, Scottish clans
Collection: Noble Families of the United Kingdom, Scottish Clans
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Clan Ruthven

Clan Ruthven
Motto Deid schaw[1]
Chief
Grey Ruthven
The 2nd Earl of Gowrie
Historic seat Huntingtower Castle

The Clan Ruthven () is a Lowland Scottish clan.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Origins 1.1
    • Wars of Scottish Independence 1.2
    • 15th and 16th centuries 1.3
      • Feud with Clan Charteris 1.3.1
      • Murder of David Rizzio 1.3.2
      • Ruthven Raid 1.3.3
      • Gowrie Conspiracy 1.3.4
    • 17th century, Thirty Years' War and Civil War 1.4
    • 18th to 20th century 1.5
  • Clan Chief 2
  • Castles and Palace 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

History

Origins

The Ruthven lands in Perthshire, Scotland take their name from the Scottish Gaelic, Ruadhainn which means Dun uplands.[2] The clan chief's family are of Norse origin.[2] They first settled in East Lothian but by the end of the twelfth century they were in Perthshire.[2]

Between 1188 and 1199, Swein is recorded as giving lands that included Tibbermore to the Monks of Scone.[2] Swein's grandson was Sir Walter Ruthven who was the first to adopt the name Ruthven.[2]

Wars of Scottish Independence

Sir Walter Ruthven swore fealty to Edward I of England in 1291 and 1296.[2] However, in 1292 he had led thirty men to help William Wallace at the siege of Perth.[2] Ruthven was also with Christopher Seaton when Jedburgh was reclaimed from the English.[2] In 1313 Perth was recaptured and Robert the Bruce appointed Sir William Ruthven to be sheriff of the royal burgh, which was then called St Johnston.[2]

15th and 16th centuries

A descendant of Sir William Ruthven, Sir William Ruthven of Balkernoch, spent three years as a hostage in England for the ransom of James I of Scotland.[2] This William Ruthven was a substantial nobleman.[2] His income was stated to be about four hundred merks annually, which was about £100 at the time.[2] In 1488 his great-grandson was created a Lord of Parliament with the title Lord Ruthven, by James III of Scotland.[2] He married twice and his sons by his first wife were granted a letter of legitimization in 1480.[2] The eldest of the sons was William, Master of Ruthven who was killed at the Battle of Flodden in 1513.[2]

Feud with Clan Charteris

The Charterises of Kinfauns are said to have received their lands as a reward for supporting Robert the Bruce against the English.[3] However they came into a feud with the Ruthvens who often disputed the authority of the Charterises.[3] The Ruthvens held considerable sway over Perth from their Huntingtower Castle.[3] In 1544 Patrick, Lord Ruthven was elected as Provost of Perth but at the intervention of Cardinal Beaton, Ruthven was deprived of the office and Charteris of Kinfauns was appointed instead.[3] The city refused to acknowledge Charteris and barred the gates against him.[3] Charteris along with Lord Gray and the Clan Leslie then attacked the town. However, they were repulsed by the Ruthvens, who were assisted by the Clan Moncreiffe.[3] As a result, Ruthven remained Provost of Perth until 1584 when William Ruthven, Earl of Gowrie was executed.[3] John Charteris had been killed by the earl's heir on Edinburgh High Street in 1552.[3]

Murder of David Rizzio

In 1556 Patrick Ruthven, 3rd Lord Ruthven and his son, William, were among the co-conspirators of Lord Darnley when Mary, Queen of Scot's favorite David Rizzio was killed in her presence at Holyrood Palace.[2] Both Ruthvens fled to England when abandoned by Darnley.[2] William returned and succeeded to the family title having received a royal pardon.[2] He was among the people who conducted the queen to Loch Leven Castle, where she was forced to abdicate.[2] Ruthven was also the Treasurer of Scotland during the king's minority and in 1581 was created William Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie.[2]

Ruthven Raid

In 1582 Ruthven, now the

  1. ^ Clan Ruthven Profile scotclans.com. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Way, George and Squire, Romily. (1994). Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). pp. 310 - 311.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994. Pages 100 - 101.
  4. ^ Steve Murdoch and Alexia Grosjean, Alexander Leslie and the Scottish Generals of the Thirty Years' War, 1618-1648 (London, 2014), pp.80-90
  5. ^ Murdoch & Grosjean (2014), p.97.
  6. ^ http://www.burkes-peerage.net/familyhomepage.aspx?FID=0&FN=GOWRIE burkes-peerage

References

See also

Castles and Palace

Clan Chief: Grey Ruthven The 2nd Earl of Gowrie, Viscount Ruthven of Canberra, of Dirleton, Baron Ruthven of Gowrie, Baron Gowrie of Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia and of Dirleton, East Lothian and Chief of the Name and Arms of Ruthen.[6]

Clan Chief

  • David Ruthven, 2nd Lord Ruthven of Freeland died unmarried in April, 1701. The title of Baroness Ruthven was assumed by his sister:
  • Jean (d. 1722), although according to some authorities the peerage had become extinct. It was, however, assumed in 1722 by:
  • Isobel (d. 1732), wife of James Johnson, who took the name of Ruthven on succeeding to the family estates; and their son:
  • James Ruthven (d. 1783), took the title and was allowed to vote at the elections of Scots representative peers. In 1853 the barony again descended to a female:
  • Mary Elizabeth Thornton (c. 1784–1864), the wife of Walter Hore (d. 1878). She and her husband took the name of Hore-Ruthven, and their grandson:
  • Walter James Hore-Ruthven (b. 1838), became the 8th baron in 1864. His second son:
  • Alexander Hore-Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie (1872–1955), through meritorious service (including as Governor-General of Australia) regained the family title (first as Baron Gowrie, 1934, and then as Earl of Gowrie, 1944).

18th to 20th century

Patrick Ruthven, 1st Earl of Brentford also fought on behalf of King Charles I during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, bringing both Colonel Frances Ruthven and Major General John Ruthven into service with him.[5] Sir Thomas Ruthven, 1st Lord Ruthven of Freeland (d. 1673), on whom Charles II of England bestowed the title of Lord Ruthven of Freeland in 1651. His son was David Ruthven, 2nd Lord Ruthven of Freeland.

Patrick Ruthven, 1st Earl of Brentford (c. 1573–1651) was a collateral descendant of Sir William Ruthven, 1st Lord Ruthven. He fought and negotiated on behalf of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, King of Sweden during the Thirty Years' War. In Germany he fought alongside his nephews, Colonel Frances Ruthven and Major General John Ruthven.[4]

In 1651, Sir Thomas Ruthven, who descended from the second Lord Ruthven partly restored the family's reputation when he was raised in the peerage as Lord Ruthven of Freeland.[2]

17th century, Thirty Years' War and Civil War

In 1586 the Ruthven estates were restored to William's son, James Ruthven, 2nd Earl of Gowrie.[2] However James Ruthven died just two years later aged thirteen and was succeeded by his brother, John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie.[2] It is alleged that John practiced Black magic.[2] In 1600 he and his brother Alexander were murdered in their town house in Perth.[2] This became known as the "Gowrie Conspiracy".[2] The Ruthven brothers were declared by Parliament to be traitors although there is little evidence, if anything of what they were planning.[2] The Ruthven named was decreed out of existence.[2]

Gowrie Conspiracy

[2]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.