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Clonakilty

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Clonakilty

Clonakilty
Cloich na Coillte
Town
Clonakilty
Clonakilty
Clonakilty is located in Ireland
Clonakilty
Location in Ireland
Coordinates:
Country Ireland
Province Munster
County County Cork
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,721
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) IST (WEST) (UTC-1)
Irish Grid Reference W381417
Website www.clonakilty.ie

Clonakilty (; Irish: Cloich na Coillte, Clanna Chaoilte), is a small town in County Cork, Ireland. The town is located at the head of the tidal Clonakilty Bay and is surrounded by hilly country devoted primarily to dairy farming.[6] The town's population as of 2011 is 4,721.[7]

Clonakilty library.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Churches 2
  • Transport 3
  • Culture and Music 4
  • Tidy towns 5
  • Notable Persons 6
    • Born in Clonakilty 6.1
    • Famous Residents 6.2
  • Food 7
  • Attractions 8
  • Education 9
  • Sport 10
  • Beaches 11
  • International Relations 12
  • See also 13
  • References 14
  • Further reading 15
  • External links 16

History

Clonakilty is extremely rich in the ancient monuments and dwelling places of its early and pre-Celtic settlers. The Normans made the area their home and their castles and surnames survive to the present day. In 1292, Thomas De Roach received a charter to hold a market every Monday at Kilgarriffe (then called Kyle Cofthy or Cowhig’s Wood), close to where the present town now stands. The area was abundant in woods, as the Irish names of the town and surrounding townlands indicate.

In the 14th century a ten-mile strip of fallow woodland called Tuath na gCoillte (the land of the woods) divided the barony of Ibane (Ardfield) and Barryroe and reached the sea at Clonakilty Bay. Here a castle called Coyltes Castell was recorded in a 1378 plea roll. This was subsequently referred to as Cloghnykyltye, one of the many phonetic spellings for Cloch na gCoillte (meaning the castle of the woods, from ‘cloch’, the Irish for stone or stone building and ‘coillte’ meaning woods).

Clonakilty benefited greatly from the patronage of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork ("the Great Earl"), who may properly be regarded as its founder. It was he who obtained its charter from King James I of England in 1613 with the right to return members to the Irish House of Commons. The borough of Clonakilty returned two members from 1613 to 1801; it was disenfranchised under the Act of Union 1801.

Shannonvale, Clonakilty is known as "the only place in all Munster where a blow of some sort had been struck during the Rising of '98" at the Battle of the Big Cross[8] There is a commemorative statue celebrating the Battle of the Big Cross in Astna Square in the centre of Clonakilty.

Battle of the Big Cross statue, Clonakilty.

Michael Collins, who was the Director of Intelligence for the IRA, which campaigned for independence from Britain in the 1920–1921 period, and later the Irish Free State movement, lived in Clonakilty and attended the local boys' national school. He is widely regarded as one of Ireland's leading historical figures. He was killed by an Anti-Treaty ambush party during the Civil War. He gave many an oration from O'Donovan's Hotel on the Main Street of Clonakilty. A statue of Michael Collins by local artist Kevin Holland was erected in the centre of Clonakilty and dedicated in 2002. It can be seen at the junction of Bridge Street and Emmet Square.

Michael Collins monument.

On April 1943 a war plane, a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress was travelling from Morocco to England when it was forced to make an unscheduled stop at a marsh just outside Clonakilty. The soldiers thought they had been flying over German-occupied Norway but got disorientated in fog and ended up in Ireland which was nuetral during the Second World War. The crew were uninjured in the landing and once they had emerged from the bog they met local man Eddie Collins who directed them into the town.

Kennedy Gardens at Emmet square in the centre of town are named after John F. Kennedy.

In June 2012, Clonakilty was damaged by flooding.[9]

Clonakilty was founded on 5 May 1613. On the 5th of May 2013 President Michael D. Higgins and his wife visited the town to commemorate 400 years since it obtained its charter from the king.[10]

Churches

Kilgariffe Church (Church of Ireland) is a building of 1818 replacing an older church going back to 1613.[11][12]

The Church of the Immaculate Conception (

  • Official Web site (Clonakilty town council)
  • Awarded "EDEN – European Destinations of Excellence" non traditional tourist destination 2007
  • Clonakilty Business site

External links

  • The Battle of the Big Cross / Cath Béal a' Mhuighe Shalaigh, compiled by Tim Crowley & Traolach Ó Donnabháin; Clonakilty, Clonakilty District 1798 Bi-Centenary Commemoration Committee, 1998.
  • Walks of Clonakilty town and country by Damien Enright. Timoleague, Co. Cork : Merlin Press, 2000. ISBN 1902631021.

Further reading

http://www.facebook.com/ClonakiltyRandomActsOfKindnessFestival?fref=ts

  1. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  2. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  3. ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  4. ^  
  5. ^  
  6. ^ Clonakilty Agricultural College
  7. ^ [6]
  8. ^ "The Battle of the Big Cross where one hundred Irish died". C.O. Ruairc
  9. ^ Community pulls together to ensure it’s business as usual in Clonakilty Irish Examiner. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  10. ^ Public service acknowledged by President at Clonakilty Town Council civic reception Southern Star Retrieved 20 May 2013
  11. ^ Church of Ireland
  12. ^ History of Kilgariffe Church
  13. ^ Dictionary of Irish Architects
  14. ^ National inventory of Architectural Heritage - Church of Immaculate Conception
  15. ^ the Post Office church
  16. ^ [7]
  17. ^ "Clonakilty station" (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 17 September 2007. 
  18. ^ "Bassist for Jimi Hendrix Experience dies". USA Today, 13 May 2003
  19. ^ Phelan, Eugene (24 February 2012). "Press 22 snapper wins portrait award at AIB Press Photographers event". Limerick Leader. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  20. ^ [8]
  21. ^ 'Irish Central news web site' Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  22. ^ "Warrior Tae Kwon Do Hall of Fame". Warrior Tae Kwon Do Official Website. Retrieved 6 September 2010. 

References

See also

Clonakilty is twinned with:

International Relations

Dotted with rock pools, the Red Strand is only minutes from the Long Strand and offers a wonderful tranquil spot for the whole family.

About 15 minutes from Clonakilty and looking out over the Galley Head lighthouse is the aptly named Long Strand. A mile and a half of sand bounded by waves of dunes this is the perfect place to stretch your legs and breath in the fresh Atlantic air. The top end is a haven for surfers but the rest of the beach is unsafe for bathing due to a dangerous undertow.

The Blue Flag beach at Inchydoney Island, just a few miles from Clonakilty, is renowned not only as one of the most family friendly beaches in West Cork but also as one of the most beautiful. With vast expanses of sand, dunes and excellent surfing conditions there really is something for everyone.

Beaches

Clonakilty has a GAA club(Clonakilty GAA), two soccer clubs (Clonakilty A.F.C, Clonakilty Town), a rugby club and a Martial Arts club (Warrior Tae Kwon Do). The teams have been successful in recent years winning the Cork Senior Football Championship in 2009, 1996, and being runners up in the 2003 competition. Clonakilty RFC also became a senior rugby club in 2001 and spent 12 wonderful years in the All Ireland Rugby League until they were relegated to Division 1 of the Munster junior league where they currently play. Clonakilty won their first adult hurling county title when they won the Cork Minor B Hurling Championship in 2007. Clonakilty A.F.C. have won the Beamish Cup in 2008 & 1995 and in 2014 featured Australian international, Alex Swift. Students of the Clonakilty "Warrior Tae Kwon Do" club compete in a variety of Tae Kwon Do, Kickboxing and Freestyle tournaments and the club has produced 4 World Champions[22] in various martial arts disciplines.

Sport

There are two secondary schools located in the town. Clonakilty Community College is a mixed school and the Sacred Heart Secondary School which is an all girls school. There are 4 Primary Schools located in the town. Clonakilty Agricultural College is located just 2 miles east of the town. It is known locally as Darrara College and mainly deals with Agricultural Education.

Education

There is a Farmers Market which takes place at O'Donovans alley every Friday that is a gathering of locals selling unique and high quality products.

There are many historical attractions in the town for example the Clonakilty Museum, the Georgian houses of Emmet Squareand the Micheal Collins Centre which is located a few miles east of the town.

Clonakilty is the home of the famous and world's only "Random Acts of Kindness Festival" set up in 2012 by the local Clonakilty Macra na Feirme Club. The festival aims to celebrate the welcoming and warm hearted nature of not only the Clonakilty community but also of the Irish people as a whole. The Festival is held each year on the third weekend in July, with the motto: "Cut the Misery and Spread the Positivity".[21]

The Model Village in Clonakilty is a leading tourist destination in the Clonakilty area, it is an excellent way to start a tour of the region. The village is a fully scaled model of a West Cork town that grew along the old railway line between 1930 and 1950. Built on a miniature of the Railway line, you can enjoy a unique overview of the character and history of a heritage town. Location: Inchydoney Road, Clonakilty, Co. Cork

Attractions

Clonakilty is known for its black pudding. The famous Clonakilty Blackpudding originated in Twomey's butcher shop in Pearse Street. The secret spice recipe has been handed down through the generations since the 1880s. To this day, the secret recipe is only known to the Twomey family.[20]

Food

Famous Residents

Born in Clonakilty

Notable Persons

The town won the Irish Tidy Towns Competition in 1999 and every year since has gained awards for its environmental efforts. The cleanliness is the result in part of the voluntary efforts of local shopkeepers and staff. In 2003, Clonakilty became Ireland's first ever official Fair Trade Town. In 2007 it was awarded the status of European Destination of Excellence by the European Commission at a ceremony in Portugal and is Ireland's first recipient of this prestigious title.

Tidy towns

Clonakilty's position as a centre of music, both traditional and contemporary, has helped this small town to become a thriving melting pot of musicians. Clonakilty's bars host live music nights throughout the year and it is possible to find live music on most nights. Many famous musicians have found a welcome and a home here, and have contributed much to the energy and vibrancy of the town. The late Noel Redding made Clonakilty his home[18] as has singer-songwriter Roy Harper.[19] Currently, English novelist David Mitchell calls Clonakilty home. Monday Night Trad Sessions, O'Donovans Tuesday Trad and Shanley's Famous Music Bar main venues. Summer afternoon sessions in Scannells beer garden with Dave and Friends, De Barras Folk Club presents famous acts like folk legend Christy Moore and Sharon Shannon, Frances Black and Setmaker play here regularly. Clonakilty hosts several festivals every year, among these are The Clonakilty International Guitar Festival in mid-September, The Motion festival and The Waterfront Festival in August. The 2010 Waterfront Festival featured Irish acts, The Dublin Gospel Choir, Mundy, Aslan, The Heathers, Setmaker and Spanish Singer Paula Gómez and her band.

Culture and Music

Transport

[16] church is located in the town and recently became the first church in Ireland to win two Eco Congregation Ireland awards.Methodist The [15] Church was built in 1861 and taken over and used since 1924 as a local Post Office.Presbyterian The old [14][13]

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