Coetus Internationalis Patrum

The Coetus Internationalis Patrum (Latin for International Group of Fathers) was a study group of the conservative-minded bishops at the Second Vatican Council. The members included prelates such as Cardinals Francis Spellman, Alfredo Ottaviani, Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, and Bishops Casimiro Morcillo of Madrid, Antônio de Castro Mayer of Campos and Geraldo de Proença Sigaud of Diamantina.[1]

It was originally formed after complaints by some of the more traditionalist bishops of the presence of Protestants and liberal Catholic theologians such as Hans Küng, Joseph Ratzinger (the future Pope Benedict XVI) and Karl Rahner.[2]

As a member of the Preparatory Commission for the

  1. ^ With Bishops Morcillo (Madrid), Castro Mayer (Campos), de Proença Sigaud (Diamantina) and 250 more prelates, Archbishop Lefebvre created a "traditionalist commando" within the Council, the "Coetus Internationalis Patrum", composed by traditional Fathers who tried to stop the over-powerful influence of the rich and popular Modernist wing directed by Cardinal Bea. A Biography of Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, by Father Ramón Anglés
  2. ^ During a meeting of the Central Commission the Archbishop publicly complained about the presence in the sub-commissions of non-Catholics and of doubtful individuals as Hans Küng, Ratzinger (in black suit and tie), Karl Rahner, Yves Congar, Schillebeeckx, and company. Cardinal Alfredo Ottaviani told him that the Pope himself required their presence! A Biography of Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, by Father Ramón Anglés
  3. ^ With Bishops Morcillo (Madrid), Castro Mayer (Campos), de Proenca-Sigaud (Diamantina) and 250 more prelates, Archbishop Lefebvre created a "traditionalist commando" within the Council, the "Coetus Internationalis Patrum", composed by traditional Fathers who tried to stop the over-powerful influence of the rich and popular Modernist wing directed by Cardinal Bea. A Biography of Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, by Father Ramón Anglés
  4. ^ Part II, On Collegiality, by Father Basil Wrighton, SSPX USA Website
  5. ^ Newsletter of the District of Asia - March-April 2000, SSPX Asia
  6. ^ Priest who was present at the start reviews bold ecumenical vision of Vatican II, John L Allen Jr, January 31, 2003, Word from Rome, National Catholic Reporter

References

Continuing complaints from the group about the presence of Protestant observers led Pope Paul VI, who was "concerned not to alienate the traditionalists", to ask Cardinal Augustin Bea "if perhaps the presence of the 'separated brethren' and their 'mentality' were 'excessively dominating the council, thus diminishing its psychological freedom.' (He) emphasized that protecting 'the coherence of the teaching of the Catholic Church' was more important than pleasing the observers.'" After thus consulting Cardinal Bea, the Pope decided not to disinvite the observers.[6]

This study group was concerned about a number of issues at the Council. They feared that episcopal collegiality could undermine papal primacy.[4] They thought there should be a specific condemnation of communism.[5] They thought there should be a specific Council document about the Blessed Virgin Mary, not merely a chapter in Lumen gentium. Some also favoured a solemn definition of a fifth Mariological dogma, which would proclaim Mary as Co-Redemptrix, Mediatrix and advocate for the Church with the Most Blessed Trinity.

[3]

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