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Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria

 

Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria

Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria
British colony

 

1914–1960

Flag of the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria

Anthem
God Save the King/God Save the Queen
Nigeria (red)
British possessions in Africa (pink)
1914
Capital Lagos
Languages English
Government British Crown colony
High Commissioner/Governor
 -  1914-1919 Sir Frederick John Dealtry Lugard
 -  1948-1954 Sir John Stuart Macpherson
History
 -  Established 1 January 1914
 -  Disestablished 1 October 1960
Currency British West African pound (1914- 1958)
Nigerian Pound (from 1958)

The Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria was created as a merger of Northern Nigeria Protectorate and Southern Nigeria Protectorate on 1 January 1914, partly because of uneven economy in the two territories, and also due to growing tension with the German colonies.

As one of the wealthiest British colonies, it was a good candidate for being the first colony to be granted independence. Nigeria was first given increased autonomy as the Federation of Nigeria on 1 October 1954 and made fully independent in 1960.

External links

  • The British Empire - Nigeria


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