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Corruption in Poland

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Title: Corruption in Poland  
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Corruption in Poland

Corruption in Poland has declined over time in the recent years. In international rankings it is below the world average but not insignificant. Within Poland, surveys of Polish citizens reveal that it is perceived to be a major problem.

Contents

  • Extent 1
  • Historical 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Extent

Poland ranked 38th in the 175 country listing the Corruption Perception Index for 2013 (higher ranking indicates higher corruption).[1] It is the eighth successive year in which Poland's score and ranking have improved in the Index.

[2]

The Supreme Audit Office (NIK) offices.

A 2011 report by the Institute of Public Affairs also criticized the standards of public life in Poland, and the prevalence of nepotism and cronyism.[3]

A 2012 report jointly prepared by from the Institute of Public Affairs and [5] Poland has also made significant progress in combating corruption like the establishment of the Central Anti-Corruption Bureau and the first anti-corruption strategy which was adopted in 2002.[4]

The 2012 report from the ISP and TI report, reviewing individual Polish anti-corruption institution, praised the

A world map of the 2014 Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International
  • Poland Corruption Profile
  • Grzegorz Wolszczak, [2] (Anti-)Corruptionin Poland sinceEarly2000 to 2010
  • (Subchapter on Poland)

External links

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References

See also

In the communist People's Republic of Poland, corruption was widespread, particularly by Polish United Workers Party officials (see nomenklatura).[15][16][17] Corruption under the communist regime was so pervasive that some scholars have referred to the system as "legalized corruption".[18]

However, once in power, his allies uncovered very few cases of corruption in past governments; persistent references to mass corruption amounted to a type of "primitive propaganda", in the words of historian Andrzej Garlicki. Later, it was Piłsudskiites who became embroiled in a well-publicized scandal revolving around election budgets, the Czechowicz Affair.[13] By the 1930s, the country had developed an economic model involving state capitalism, with key industries in government hands. While this fostered growth in vital areas, it also gave rise to inefficiency and corruption. Private businesses found it hard to compete directly with state-owned concerns, in particular for public contracts.[14]

In the early 1920s, during the first years of the Second Polish Republic, Polish institutions were plagued by endemic corruption,[9] and several of the governments of the day were accused of corruption, very likely with sound cause.[10] Between 1923 and 1926, Józef Piłsudski came to conclude that the system which he dubbed "Sejmocracy" fostered general corruption, ultimately leading him to launch the May Coup and seize power.[11] His byword Sanation referred to the cleansing he promised to introduce, in contrast to his predecessors' shady practices.[12]

Historical

A 2013 survey in Poland found that 83% of surveyed Polish citizens think that corruption is a major problem for their country, particularly prevalent among politicians (62 percent) and in the health-care sector (53 percent). A growing number of citizens (57%) is concerned that there is no political will to fight corruption.[8]

The 2012 report from the ISP and TI praised the overall direction of the anti-corruption efforts in Poland, noting that they are "bringing noticeable results", but noted that those efforts, particularly from the public authorities, are "rather chaotic, sometimes contradictory or even controversial". It concluded that "corruption in Poland still entails considerable risks" and "the level of anti-corruption protection is unsatisfactory".[4] A 2013 OECD report analyzing the implementation of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention concluded that "the current Polish framework for fighting foreign bribery is still inadequate".[7]

[6][3]

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