World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Curtiss Robin

Curtiss Robin
A Curtis Robin in the Seattle museum of flight, 2011
Role Touring
Manufacturer Curtiss-Robertson Airplane Manufacturing Company
First flight August 7, 1928[1]
Introduction 1928
Status A number still flying[1]
Primary user U. S. Private Owner Market[1]
Number built 769[1]
Unit cost
$7,500 U.S. Dollars (1938)

The Curtiss Robin, introduced in 1928, was a high-wing monoplane with a 90 hp (67 kW) V8 OX-5 8-cylinder engine built by the Curtiss-Robertson Airplane Manufacturing Company. It was later fitted with the more powerful Challenger engine, which developed between 170 and 185 hp (127 and 138 kW). NOTE: Model B (90 hp/67 kW Curtiss OX-5 engine), Model C-1 (185 hp/138 kW Curtiss Challenger engine), and Model J-1 (165 hp/123 kW Wright J-6 Whirlwind 5 engine)

The J-1 version was flown by Douglas Corrigan (nicknamed "Wrongway") as well as The Flying Keys.

Contents

  • Design 1
  • Operational history 2
  • Variants 3
  • Operators 4
    • Military operators 4.1
  • Survivors 5
  • Specifications (Robin OX-5) 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Design

The Robin, a workmanlike cabin monoplane had a wooden wing and steel tubing fuselage. The cabin accommodated three persons; two passengers were seated side-by-side behind the pilot. Early Robins were distinguished by large flat fairings over the parallel diagonal wing bracing struts; the fairings were abandoned on later versions, having been found to be ineffective in creating lift.[1] The original landing gear had bungee rubber cord shock absorbers, later replaced by an oleo-pneumatic system; a number of Robins had twin floats added.

The plane's payload with 50 gal (189 l) of fuel was 452 lb (205 kg); it had a cruising speed of 102 mph (164 km/h), a landing speed of 48 mph (77 km/h), a gas capacity of 50 gal/189 l (25 gal/95 l in each wing tank), its oil capacity was 5 US gal (19 l; 4 imp gal). The aircraft's price at the factory field was $7,500.

Operational history

The aircraft Curtiss Robin "St. Louis" (right) during the record flight July 13–30, 1929, St. Louis, Missouri. Its operators were Dale Jackson and Forest O'Brine. A Flight endurance record of 17 days, 12 hours, 17 minutes was set

A single modified Robin (with a 110 hp (82 kW) Warner R-420-1) was used by the United States Army Air Corps, and designated the XC-10. This aircraft was used in a test program for radio-controlled (and unmanned) flight.[2]

Cuba's national airline, Compañía Nacional Cubana de Aviación Curtiss, was founded in 1929 with Curtiss Aircraft serving as its co-founder and major investor. The airline's first aircraft was a Curtiss Robin; it flew domestic routes as a mail and passenger transport.

From September 1929 to May 1930, a Robin C-1 was used to deliver the McCook, Nebraska Daily Gazette to communities in rural Nebraska and Kansas. The airplane flew a nonstop route of 380 miles (610 km) daily, dropping bundles of newspapers from a height of 500 feet (150 m) to local carriers.[3][4]

A Curtiss Robin C was purchased by the Paraguayan government in 1932 for the Transport Squadron of its Air Arm. It was intensively used as a VIP transport plane and air ambulance during the Chaco War (1923–1935).

Variants

Challenger Robin
An early version of the Robin, powered by a 165 hp (123 kW) Curtiss Challenger radial piston engine.
Comet Robin
One Robin was converted by its owner in 1937, it was fitted with a 150 hp (112 kW) Comet radial piston engine.
Robin B
A three-seat cabin monoplane, fitted with wheel breaks and a steerable tailwheel; about 325 were built.
Robin B-2
This was a three-seat cabin monoplane, powered by a number of Wright piston engines.
Robin C
Three-seat cabin monoplane, powered by a 185 hp (138 kW) Curtiss Challenger radial piston engine; about 50 built.
1929 Curtis Robin C-1 used for the movie 'Pearl'(modified with R-680)
Robin C-1
An improved version of the Robin C, powered by a Curtiss Challenger radial piston engine; over 200 built.
Robin C-2
A long-range version fitted with an extra fuel tank, it was powered by a 170-hp (127 kW) Curtiss Challenger radial piston engine; six built.
Robin 4C
The four-seat version, powered by a Curtiss Challenger radial piston engine; one built.
Robin 4C-1
Three-seat version with an enlarged forward fuselage section; three built.
Robin 4C-1A
Another four-seat version with an enlarged forward fuselage section; 11 built.
Robin CR
One-off experimental version, fitted with a 120 hp (90 kW) Curtiss Crusader engine; one built.
Robin J-1
It was powered by a 165 hp (123 kW) Wright Whirlwind J-6-5 radial piston engine; about 40 built.
Robin J-2
A long-range version, fitted with an extra fuel tank; two built.
Robin M
The Robin B aircraft, fitted with the 115 hp (86 kW) V-502 engine.
Robin W
It was powered by a 110 hp (32 kW) Warner Scarab radial piston engine. Only a small number were built in 1930.
The XC-10 in 1930
XC-10
One Robin W was sold to the United States Army Air Corps, it was converted into an unmanned pilotless radio-controlled test aircraft.

Operators

Military operators

 Paraguay
 United States

Survivors

A Curtiss Robin is based at Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome and in flies weekend airshows.

Specifications (Robin OX-5)

Data from Curtiss Aircraft 1907–1947 [11]

General characteristics
  • Crew: one
  • Capacity: two passengers
  • Length: 25 ft 8½ in (7.83 m)
  • Wingspan: 41 ft 0 in (12.49 m)
  • Height: 7 ft 9½ in (2.37 m)
  • Wing area: 223 ft² (20.71 m²)
  • Empty weight: 1,472 lb (668 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 2,440 lb (1,107 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Curtiss OX-5 liquid-cooled V-8, 90 hp (67 kW)

Performance

See also

Related development
Related lists

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e Eden, Paul and Soph Moeng. (cover).The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft London: Amber Books Ltd., 2002, ISBN 0-7607-3432-1.
  2. ^ Bowers 1979, pp. 385–386.
  3. ^ "Curtiss-Robertson Robin C-1". Museum of Flight. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
  4. ^ Discoe, Connie Jo. "'News Boy' pilot was aviation pioneer". .McCook Daily Gazette 2008-12-27. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ Bezmylov, Andrei. "Robin J-1." airliners.net, 2006. Retrieved: July 16, 2010.
  7. ^ "1929 Curtiss Robin." Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum.
  8. ^ "Curtiss Robin B." Evergreen Aviation & Space Museum.
  9. ^ "Curtiss-Wright Model B-2 Robin - N50H." EAA AirVenture Museum.
  10. ^ "Curtiss-Robin C2" EAA AirVenture Museum.
  11. ^ Bowers 1979, p. 385.
Bibliography
  • Bowers, Peter M. Curtiss Aircraft 1907–1947. London: Putnam, 1979. ISBN 0-370-10029-8.

External links

  • Virginia Aircraft Museum
  • Airminded.net
  • Information about this flight at the National Air and Space Museum Web Site
  • Curtiss Robin at Museum of Flight
  • A Curtiss Robin is rebuild from an empty frame
  • A brief story of "Wrongway" Corrigan's adventure
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.