World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Dfs 228

DFS 228
Role High-altitude reconnaissance
Manufacturer Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Segelflug
Designer Felix Kracht
First flight August 1944
Retired June 1945
Status Scrapped 1947
Primary user Luftwaffe
Number built 2
Developed from DFS 54
Variants DFS 346

The DFS 228 was a rocket-powered, high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft designed by the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Segelflug (DFS - "German Institute for Sailplane Flight") during World War II. By the end of the war, the aircraft had only flown in the form of two unpowered prototypes.

Contents

  • Design and development 1
  • Variants 2
  • Specifications (DFS 228 estimated) 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Design and development

The initial design of the DFS 228 was undertaken before the outbreak of war as a research aircraft, the DFS 54, aimed at developing a high-altitude escape system for sailplanes. The project was suspended by the commencement of hostilities, but was revived in 1940 when the Reichsluftfahrtministerium (RLM - "Reich Aviation Ministry") delivered the DFS with a requirement for a rocket-powered reconnaissance aircraft.

The advantages of a sailplane for reconnaissance included its silence, its low speed relative to the ground (allowing for higher-quality photography), and its potential ability to loiter above an area of interest. The project gave the DFS the opportunity to investigate two additional areas that it was interested in - the effects of wing sweep on sailplane design, and supersonic flight.

The DFS 228 was designed by Felix Kracht and a first prototype was completed in March 1944 and was undergoing gliding tests by August, carried aloft piggyback, strut-mounted atop a Dornier Do 217. The aircraft was of conventional sailplane design, with long, slender wings, and intended to land on a retractable skid mounted on its belly. The nose of the aircraft could be separated in an emergency, and formed a self-contained, pressurised escape capsule for the pilot. Because of problems with the cabin pressurisation system, the second prototype accommodated the pilot in a prone position.

Some forty flights were made with the prototypes, and installation of a Walter HWK 109-509 rocket was to have taken place in February 1945, but the project fell by the wayside as the war situation became more desperate. The second prototype was destroyed in an air raid in May 1945, and the first prototype was captured by US troops in June. In 1946, it was sent to the United Kingdom for study, where it was apparently scrapped in 1947, although its exact fate is unknown.

Variants

DFS 54
Experimental glider with a pressure cabin, oxygen, cabin heating and insulation for high altitude flying.
DFS 228
Powered variant of the DFS 54 with a Walter HWK 109-509 rocket propulsion unit.

Specifications (DFS 228 estimated)

Data from [1]

General characteristics
  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 10.58 m (34 ft 9 in)
  • Wingspan: 17.56 m (57 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 30 m2 (320 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,650 kg (3,638 lb)
  • Gross weight: 4,200 kg (9,259 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Walter HWK 109-509 liquid-fuelled rocket motor, 14.71 kN (3,310 lbf) thrust at sea level
16.18 kN (3,637 lbf) at operational altitude

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 900 km/h (559 mph; 486 kn) at sea level
  • Range: 1,050 km (652 mi; 567 nmi) maximum with intermittent powered flight
  • Launch altitude: 10,000 m (32,808 ft)
  • Glide descent altitude: 12,000 m (39,370 ft)
  • Service ceiling: 22,860 m (75,000 ft)
  • Absolute ceiling: 25,000 m (82,021 ft)

See also

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References

Notes
  1. ^ Green, William (2010). Aircraft of the Third Reich (1st ed.). London: Aerospace Publishing Limited. pp. 187–188.  
Bibliography
  • Green, William (2010). Aircraft of the Third Reich (1st ed.). London: Aerospace Publishing Limited. pp. 187–188.  
  • Green, William. Warplanes of the Third Reich. London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Ltd., 1970 (fourth impression 1979). ISBN 0-356-02382-6.
  • Myhra, David. DFS 228. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, 2000. ISBN 0-7643-1203-0.
  • Smith, J.Richard and Kay, Anthony. German Aircraft of the Second World War. London: Putnam & Company Ltd., 1972 (third impression 1978). ISBN 0-370-00024-2.
  • Wood, Tony and Gunston, Bill. Hitler's Luftwaffe: A pictorial history and technical encyclopedia of Hitler's air power in World War II. London: Salamander Books Ltd., 1977. ISBN 0-86101-005-1.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.