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Dadiwan culture

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Title: Dadiwan culture  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of Neolithic cultures of China, Yangshao culture, Neolithic signs in China, Cishan culture, Neolithic
Collection: History of Gansu, History of Shaanxi, Neolithic Cultures of China
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Dadiwan culture

Dadiwan culture
Geographical range Gansu, Shaanxi
Period Neolithic
Dates 5800–5400 BC
Type site Dadiwan
Followed by Yangshao culture
Chinese name
Chinese 大地灣文化

The Dadiwan culture (5800–5400 BC) was a Neolithic culture located primarily in modern eastern area of Gansu and Shaanxi provinces of China. The culture takes its name from the earliest layer found at the type site at Dadiwan. The remains of millet and pigs were found in sites associated with the culture. The culture shared several similarities with the Cishan and Peiligang cultures.

The type site at Dadiwan was discovered at Qin'an County, Gansu and excavated from 1975 to 1984. Dadiwan was built on a mountain slope south of the Qingshui River near the Wei River. The oldest layer of the site is from the Dadiwan culture, the middle layer is from the Yangshao culture and the youngest layer is from the Longshan culture.

The foundation of a large building, measuring 290 m² and 420 m² when including the outer courtyard, was discovered at Dadiwan. The building, known as F901, is described by Chinese archaeologists as a communal meeting hall. The building was built on an elevated rammed earth foundation, which was then layered with burnt clay.

See also

References

  • Allan, Sarah (ed), The Formation of Chinese Civilization: An Archaeological Perspective, ISBN 0-300-09382-9

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