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David Brearley

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Title: David Brearley  
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Subject: List of Justices of the Supreme Court of New Jersey, New Jersey Supreme Court justices, Continental Army officers from New Jersey, St. Michael's Church, Trenton, New Jersey, William Jackson (secretary)
Collection: 1745 Births, 1790 Deaths, 18Th-Century American Episcopalians, Burials in New Jersey, Chief Justices of the New Jersey Supreme Court, Continental Army Officers from New Jersey, Judges of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey, New Jersey Supreme Court Justices, People from Lawrence Township, Mercer County, New Jersey, People of Colonial New Jersey, People of New Jersey in the American Revolution, Princeton University Alumni, Signers of the United States Constitution, United States Federal Judges Appointed by George Washington
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David Brearley

David Brearley

David Brearley (often spelled Brearly) (June 11, 1745 – August 16, 1790) was a delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention and signed the U.S. Constitution on behalf of New Jersey.

Contents

  • American Revolution 1
  • Government service 2
  • Legacy 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

American Revolution

With the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, Brearley was at first a captain in the Monmouth County militia after having spent many years speaking out against the Parliamentary absolutism.[1] He eventually rose to the rank of colonel in Nathaniel Heard's New Jersey militia brigade. From 1776 to 1779 he served in the New Jersey Line of the Continental Army, seeing action at Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth.

Government service

Brearley resigned from the army in 1779 to serve as the New Jersey Supreme Court Chief Justice, succeeding Robert Morris. He decided on the famous Holmes v. Walton case where he ruled that the judiciary had the authority to declare whether laws were unconstitutional or not.[1] He held the seat until 1789.

While at the Constitutional Convention in 1787, he chaired the Committee on Postponed Parts, which played a substantial role in shaping the final document.[2] The committee addressed questions related to the taxes, war making, patents and copyrights, relations with Indian tribes, and Franklin's compromise to require money bills to originate in the house. The biggest issue they addressed was the presidency, and the final compromise was written by Madison with the committee's input.[3] They adopted the earlier plan for choosing the president by electoral college, and settled on the method of choosing the president if no candidate had an electoral college majority, which many such as Madison thought would be "nineteen times out of twenty". The committee also shorted the president's term from seven years to four years, freed him to seek reelection, and moved impeachment trials from the courts to the Senate. They also created the vice president, whose only role was to succeed the president and preside over the senate. This also transferred important powers from the Senate to the president, who was given the power (which had been given to the senate by Rutledge's committee) to make treaties and appoint ambassadors.[4] After signing the Constitution in 1787, he headed up the New Jersey committee that approved the Constitution. In 1789, he was a United States District Court for the District of New Jersey, a newly created seat. He was confirmed by the Senate on September 25, 1789, and received his commission the following day. He died in that office a few months later.[1]

Legacy

Brearley was the first Grand Master of the New Jersey Masonic Lodge.

He is buried in the churchyard of Saint Michael's Episcopal Church in Trenton, New Jersey, and a cenotaph was placed there in 1924.[5]

David Brearley High School in Kenilworth, New Jersey, was named in his honor.

Brearly Street in Madison, Wisconsin is named in his honor.[6]

Brearly Crescent in Waldwick, NJ is named in his honor.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c Wright, Jr., Robert K.; MacGregor Jr., Morris J. "David Brearly". Soldier-Statesmen of the Constitution. Washington D.C: United States Army Center of Military History. CMH Pub 71-25. 
  2. ^ Stewart, David. "The Summer of 1787". p207
  3. ^ Stewart, David. "The Summer of 1787". p209
  4. ^ Stewart, David. "The Summer of 1787". p212
  5. ^ David Brearley at Find a Grave
  6. ^ http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/odd/archives/002071.asp
  7. ^ Waldwick, New Jersey

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
Newly created seat
Judge of the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey
September 26, 1789 – August 16, 1790
Succeeded by
Robert Morris
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