World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Debt bondage in India

Article Id: WHEBN0035596263
Reproduction Date:

Title: Debt bondage in India  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Social issues in India, Debt bondage, Slavery, Human rights in India, Indian feudalism
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Debt bondage in India

India has one of the highest rates of slavery in the world, behind Mauritania, Haiti, Pakistan, etc. (Estimates from the Walk Free Foundation.)

Debt bondage in India was legally abolished in 1976 but it remains prevalent, with weak enforcement of the law by governments.[1] Bonded labour involves the exploitive interlinking of credit and labor agreements that devolve into slave-like exploitation due to severe power imbalances between the lender and the borrower.[1]

The rise of [3][4]

Debt bondage

Debt bondage in India is most prevalent in agricultural areas. Farmers taking small loans can find themselves paying interest on the loans that exceeds 100% of the loan per year.[1]

Children

The presence of a large number of child labourers is regarded as a serious issue in terms of economic welfare.[5] A form of long run employer-slave relationship is formed when these children are tied to this debt bondage to work for their employers for a time period that could be stretched to a lifetime, and usually for minimal or no wages.[6]

Estimates

Estimates of the problem vary. Official figures include a 1993 estimate of 251,000 bonded labourers, [7] while the Bandhua Mukti Morcha says there are over 20 million bonded labourers. A 2003 project by Human Rights Watch has reported a major problem with bonded child labour in the silk industry.[8]

Contributing factors

Author and academic Siddharth Kara believes that:-

See also

General:

References

  1. ^ a b c d "A $110 loan, then 20 years of debt bondage". CNN. June 2, 2011. 
  2. ^ Hart, Christine Untouchability Today: The Rise of Dalit Activism, Human Rights and Human Welfare, Topical Research Digest 2011, Minority Rights
  3. ^ "International Dalit Solidarity Network: Key Issues: Bonded Labour". 
  4. ^ Ravi S. Srivastava Bonded Labor in India: Its Incidence and Pattern InFocus Programme on Promoting the Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work; and International Labour Office,(2005). Forced Labor. Paper 18
  5. ^ "Magnitude of Child Labour in India". 
  6. ^ "Incidence and Pattern". 
  7. ^ "Statement by observer for India to the United Nations Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery (para 81), report". Retrieved September 7, 2006. 
  8. ^ "SMALL CHANGE: Bonded Child Labor in India's Silk Industry". Human Rights Watch. January 2003. Retrieved September 7, 2006. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.