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Dixie Highway

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Title: Dixie Highway  
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Subject: U.S. Route 1 in Florida, Florida State Road 811, Florida State Road 909, Florida State Road 794, Florida State Road 858
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Dixie Highway

Dixie Highway
Chicago–Miami Expressway
Canada–Miami Expressway
Macon–Jacksonville Expressway
Route information
Length: 5,786 mi (9,312 km)
Existed: 1915 – present
Western division
North end: Chicago, IL
South end: Miami, FL
Eastern division
North end: Sault Ste. Marie, MI
South end: Miami, FL
Central division
North end: Macon, GA
South end: Jacksonville, FL
Location
States: South Carolina, Florida
Highway system
Auto Trails

The Dixie Highway was a United States automobile highway, first planned in 1914 to connect the US Midwest with the Southern United States. It was part of the National Auto Trail system, and grew out of an earlier Miami to Montreal highway. The final result is better understood as a network of connected paved roads, rather than one single highway. It was constructed and expanded from 1915 to 1927.

The Dixie Highway was inspired by the example of the slightly earlier Lincoln Highway, the first road across the United States. The prime booster of both projects was promoter and businessman Carl G. Fisher. It was overseen by the Dixie Highway Association, and funded by a group of individuals, businesses, local governments, and states. In the early years the U.S. federal government played little role, but from the early 1920s on it provided increasing funding, until 1927 when the Dixie Highway Association was disbanded and the highway was taken over as part of the U.S. Route system, with some portions becoming state roads.

The route was marked by a red stripe with the white letters "DH", usually with a white stripe above and below. The logo was commonly painted on utility poles.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Routes 2
  • After the U.S. Highway System 3
  • In popular culture 4
    • Music 4.1
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8

History

Monuments like this, and even arches over the roadway, were put up by counties as they built sections of highways including the Dixie Highway.

The Dixie Highway, an idea of Jacksonville, Florida, the west route went south to Tallahassee, Florida before turning east, while the east route had yet to be defined in detail. From Jacksonville, the route followed the east coast south to Miami along the John Anderson Highway. The commission voted to invite Michigan and to extend a branch of the east route from Dayton north to Detroit via Toledo, as well as to study a loop around Lake Michigan and a western route between Tallahassee and Miami.[3][4][5]

Within a week, Michigan agreed to construct a loop around the

  • Dixie Highway on us-highways.com
  • In Search of...The Dixie Highway in Ohio by Michael G. Buettner, February, 2006

External links

  • Ingram, Tammy (2014). Dixie Highway: Road Building and the Making of the Modern South, 1900-1930. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.  
  • Ramsay, Lisa R. & Vaughn, Tammy L. (2011). Tennessee's Dixie Highway. Postcard History. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing.  

Further reading

  1. ^ "Dixie Highway Organized".  
  2. ^ "Will Meet May 20 in Chattanooga to Pick Highway". Atlanta Constitution. April 24, 1915. 
  3. ^ "Agrees to Split Dixie Highway".  
  4. ^ a b c Richardson, James D., ed. (1917). A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, Prepared Under the Direction of the Joint Committee on Printing, of the House and the Senate ... (With Additions and Encyclopedic Index by Private Enterprise). New York:  
  5. ^ Hoskins, C.H. (1918). "Dixie Highway". In O'Shea, M. V.; Foster, Ellsworth D.; Locke, George Herbert.  
  6. ^ "Peninsular Loop is Agreed Upon". Atlanta Constitution. May 31, 1915. 
  7. ^ "Wonderful Progress in Road Construction Shown by Two Auto Tours". Atlanta Constitution. April 2, 1916. 
  8. ^ "Urge Old Capitol Route". Atlanta Constitution. April 18, 1916. 
  9. ^ "Highway Directors Bar Eastern Route Atlanta to Macon". Atlanta Constitution. July 2, 1916. 
  10. ^  
  11. ^ "Include New Link in Dixie Highway". Atlanta Constitution. May 17, 1918. 
  12. ^ "System of Roads Urged by Hoosier State Automobile Association".  
  13. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  

References

See also

Music

In popular culture

There is also a small section of the original brick Dixie Highway, and a monument marking the county line, near Loughman, Florida on the Osceola County/Polk County border.

The Dixie Highway-Hastings, Espanola and Bunnell Road (also known as County Road 13 or the Old Brick Road) is a historic section of Old Dixie Highway in Florida. It is located roughly between Espanola (in Flagler County) and CR 204 southeast of Hastings near Flagler Estates (in St. Johns County). This is one of the few extant portions of the original brick Dixie Highway left in Florida. On April 20, 2005, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.

In some cities and towns, Dixie Highway is the north–south axis of the street numbering system. The extension of development westward means that the northwest and southwest quadrants of the grid defined in this manner are generally much larger than the northeast and southeast ones which are constrained by the Atlantic Ocean. Also, the route of Dixie Highway generally parallels the coast, often running diagonally instead of straight north and south, causing irregularities in the numbering system.

The name "Dixie Highway" persists in various locations along its route where the main flow of long-distance traffic has been rerouted to more modern highways and the old Dixie Highway remains as a local road. In some south Florida cities, Dixie Highway (or sometimes Old Dixie Highway) parallels "Federal Highway" (U.S. Route 1), sometimes just a block away. In Tennessee, the name lives on in Dixie Lee Junction (where Dixie Highway and Lee Highway intersected). In western North Carolina, seven bronze plaques on granite pillars were placed by the United Daughters of the Confederacy in the late 1920s to mark the route (which today follows US 25) of the Dixie Highway and honor General Robert E. Lee. These markers can be found in the towns of Hot Springs, Marshall, Asheville, Fletcher, and Hendersonville, and on the South Carolina and Tennessee state lines; an eighth monument of identical type can be found on US 25 in downtown Greenville, South Carolina. Two additional monuments can be found in Franklin, Ohio at the intersection of the Old Dixie Highway and Hamilton-Middletown Road, and near Bradfordville, Florida on US 319. The name Dixie Highway is also still commonly used in portions of Michigan's Lower Peninsula, such as in the Waterford area, where it is a major thoroughfare known as US 24.

The portion of the western route from Nashville, Tennessee north to Louisville, Kentucky is now U.S. Highway 31W. In most of the cities it traverses in Kentucky, it is still referred to as "Dixie Highway" or "Dixie Avenue". The western route generally follows the present-day route of U.S. Highway 31 from Louisville to Indianapolis. From Nashville to Indianapolis, the route parallels Interstate 65. Portions of this stretch were originally parts of the Louisville and Nashville Turnpike, which began construction in the 1830s.

Much of the eastern route---and all the Carolina route---became U.S. Highway 25. Then the primary eastern route (Knoxville to Macon) was largely paralleled and in some sections replaced by Interstate 75, which runs from Miami, Florida, to Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan. Large portions of the former US 25 in western Ohio ultimately ended up in 1963 (after Interstate 75's completion in that area) as County Road 25A, or alternatively, as Dixie Road. A four-lane portion runs between Cygnet and Toledo, through Bowling Green, as Ohio State Route 25. In Michigan, M-25 from Port Huron to Bay City incorporates the segment of old US 25 that Interstates 75 and 94 did not supplant as a through route. The eastern portion from Jacksonville, Florida south was largely replaced with U.S. Route 1.

Dixie Highway-Hastings, Espanola and Bunnell Road
Dixie Highway is located in Florida
Location Flagler and St. Johns counties, Florida, USA
Nearest city Hastings and Espanola
Coordinates
Area 72.7 acres (29.4 ha)
Built 1916
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 05000311[13]
Added to NRHP April 20, 2005

After the U.S. Highway System

The Carolina route cut the distance between Savannah.

The Central route was a short cutoff between the western division at U.S. Route 1.

In Michigan's U.S. Route 17 to Jacksonville and U.S. Route 1 to Miami.

The Eastern route connected Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan with Miami, Florida, running via Jacksonville and West Palm Beach in Florida.

Except for realignments made since the 1920s, the western route is now U.S. Route 19, and U.S. Route 319 to Tallahassee; U.S. Route 27 and U.S. Route 441 to Orlando; and U.S. Route 17 and U.S. Route 41 (over the Tamiami Trail) to Miami.

The Western route connected Chicago, Illinois and Miami, Florida via Tallahassee, Gainesville, Orlando, Arcadia, and Naples in Florida.

For local details about the routes, see the individual articles linked.
Dixie Highway in St. Johns County, Florida. This section was previously part of the older John Anderson Highway.

Routes

[12]Straits of Mackinac became part of the eastern division of the highway, which was extended north from Detroit to Mackinaw City and across the Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan to Upper Peninsula By mid-1919, a short piece on Michigan's [11]

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