World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Duke of Northumberland's River

Article Id: WHEBN0003996825
Reproduction Date:

Title: Duke of Northumberland's River  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Longford River, List of rivers of England, History of Heathrow Airport, Heathrow (hamlet), Great West Aerodrome
Collection: Rivers of London, Thames Drainage Basin, Tributaries of the River Thames
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Duke of Northumberland's River

Stretch of the river at Twickenham

The Duke of Northumberland's River consists of two sections of artificial waterway in west London, England. The older name: "Isleworth Mill Stream", or River, more accurately describes the economic motivation for their construction.

Contents

  • Western section 1
  • Eastern section 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Western section

The river near Heathrow Airport

The western section was constructed during the reign of King Henry VIII to augment the flow supplying existing mills and to supply new mills, a source of revenue for the Duke of Northumberland's estate.

In 1530[1] an old record lists an increase, probably temporary, of 42 labourers who were working on a new river cut from Longford (probably the Duke of Northumberland's River).

This section diverts water from the River Colne at Longford, flowing eastwards to the River Crane. For a large part of its early course, it flows alongside its younger "twin", the Longford River. The section past Heathrow was diverted south in 1944 when Heathrow Airport was constructed.[2] Both rivers have recently been diverted as part of the Twin Rivers Diversion Scheme associated with the construction of Terminal 5. They skirt the western and southern perimeter of Heathrow Airport then separate at The Two Bridges in Bedfont, southeast of Terminal 4.[3]

The Duke's River then flows east to join the Crane in Donkey Wood, by Baber Bridge, west of Hounslow Heath.

Eastern section

The eastern section diverts water from the Crane in Kneller Gardens, Whitton, north-eastwards past The Stoop and Twickenham Stadium, through Isleworth, originally to the Mill then onwards to supply the ornamental ponds in the Duke of Northumberland's estate at Syon Park. Sluices control the flow into the park and the Thames at Isleworth Ait.

This section is the older of the two, built in the time of Syon Abbey and before the Duke of Northumberland bought the river with the Syon estate from King James I around 1605.

The Duke of Northumberland's River can thus be described as a distributary of the Colne and a tributary of the Crane; it is also a distributary of the Crane and a tributary of the Thames.

See also

References

For book references see London Heathrow Airport#Bibliography.
Citations
  1. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=22382
  2. ^ Sherwood 2006, p.11
  3. ^ Sherwood 2006, p.10
Bibliography
  • Sherwood, Philip. (2006) Around Heathrow Past & Present. Stroud: Sutton Publishing ISBN 0-7509-4135-9

External links

  • Longford Residents Association article on the river
Next confluence upstream River Thames Next confluence downstream
River Crane (north) Duke of Northumberland's River River Brent (north)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.