World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Eastern Washington

Article Id: WHEBN0000651915
Reproduction Date:

Title: Eastern Washington  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: SWX Right Now, Western Washington, Spokane, Washington, Dryland farming, Tri-Cities, Washington
Collection: Eastern Washington, Regions of Washington (State)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Eastern Washington

Eastern Washington
Inland Empire
Region
Country United States
State Washington
Part of Pacific Northwest
Borders on British Columbia, Eastern Oregon, Idaho Panhandle, Cascade Range/Western Washington
Parts Central Washington
Rivers Columbia River, Snake River, Yakima River
Coordinates

Eastern Washington is the portion of the US state of Washington east of the Cascade Range. The region contains the city of Spokane (the second largest city in the state), the Tri-Cities, the Columbia River and the Grand Coulee Dam, the Hanford Nuclear Reservation and the fertile farmlands of the Yakima Valley and the Palouse. Unlike the west half of the state, the climate of Eastern Washington is dry, including some near-desert environments.

Contents

  • Statehood 1
  • Climate 2
  • Geography 3
    • Nomenclature 3.1
    • Cities 3.2
    • National Parks and other protected areas 3.3
      • limited protection areas 3.3.1
    • Counties 3.4
  • Population 4
  • Educational institutions 5
    • Public institutions 5.1
    • Private institutions 5.2
    • Research institutions 5.3
  • Images 6
  • Notes 7

Statehood

There have been sporadic movements to create a 51st state out of Eastern Washington by splitting the current state down the Cascades, but proposals have rarely progressed out of the state legislature's committees. Recent proposals were made in 1996, 1999, and 2005. Proposed names for the new state have included Lincoln, and Columbia, or simply Eastern Washington. Many of these proposals were to include the Idaho Panhandle. See: State of Lincoln for more information.

Eastern Washington tends to vote Republican, whereas Western Washington usually supports the Democrats.

Climate

A significant difference between Eastern Washington and the western half of the state is its climate. While the west half of the state is located in a rainy oceanic climate, the eastern half receives little rainfall due to the rainshadow created by the Cascade Mountains. Also, due to being farther from the sea, the east side has both hotter summers and colder winters than the west. Most communities in Eastern Washington, for example, have significant yearly snowfall, while in the west snowfall is minimal and not seen every year. The east and west do still have some climatic traits in common, though: more rainfall in winter than summer, a lack of severe storms, and milder temperature ranges than more inland locations.

There is some variation in both rainfall throughout Eastern Washington. Generally, lower elevations are both hotter and drier than higher elevations. This is easily seen in the comparison between low-elevation Richland with higher elevation Spokane.

Climate data for Richland, Washington
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(22)
73
(23)
82
(28)
92
(33)
104
(40)
110
(43)
110
(43)
113
(45)
106
(41)
89
(32)
77
(25)
66
(19)
113
(45)
Average high °F (°C) 41
(5)
48
(9)
58
(14)
65
(18)
73
(23)
80
(27)
88
(31)
88
(31)
78
(26)
64
(18)
49
(9)
38
(3)
64.2
(17.8)
Average low °F (°C) 29
(−2)
30
(−1)
35
(2)
41
(5)
48
(9)
54
(12)
59
(15)
58
(14)
50
(10)
40
(4)
34
(1)
28
(−2)
42.2
(5.6)
Record low °F (°C) −21
(−29)
−22
(−30)
11
(−12)
23
(−5)
30
(−1)
38
(3)
41
(5)
39
(4)
31
(−1)
13
(−11)
−6
(−21)
−10
(−23)
−22
(−30)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.01
(25.7)
0.80
(20.3)
0.69
(17.5)
0.60
(15.2)
0.65
(16.5)
0.50
(12.7)
0.25
(6.4)
0.16
(4.1)
0.31
(7.9)
0.54
(13.7)
1.02
(25.9)
1.12
(28.4)
7.65
(194.3)
Source: Weather.com
Climate data for Downtown Spokane, Washington
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 62
(17)
66
(19)
74
(23)
94
(34)
98
(37)
108
(42)
112
(44)
112
(44)
102
(39)
90
(32)
72
(22)
60
(16)
112
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 34.2
(1.2)
39.7
(4.3)
49.2
(9.6)
58
(14)
67.1
(19.5)
74
(23)
88
(31)
88
(31)
73.8
(23.2)
58.8
(14.9)
42.1
(5.6)
32.2
(0.1)
58.8
(14.9)
Average low °F (°C) 24.7
(−4.1)
26.4
(−3.1)
31.6
(−0.2)
36.8
(2.7)
43.8
(6.6)
50.4
(10.2)
56.3
(13.5)
55.8
(13.2)
47.4
(8.6)
37.2
(2.9)
29.8
(−1.2)
22.5
(−5.3)
38.6
(3.7)
Record low °F (°C) −30
(−34)
−24
(−31)
−10
(−23)
14
(−10)
24
(−4)
33
(1)
37
(3)
35
(2)
22
(−6)
7
(−14)
−21
(−29)
−25
(−32)
−30
(−34)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.79
(45.5)
1.33
(33.8)
1.61
(40.9)
1.28
(32.5)
1.62
(41.1)
1.25
(31.8)
0.64
(16.3)
0.59
(15)
0.67
(17)
1.18
(30)
2.30
(58.4)
2.29
(58.2)
16.55
(420.5)

Geography

Nomenclature

Other terms used for Eastern Washington or large parts of it include:

Cities

Spokane is the largest city in eastern Washington and the metropolitan center of the Inland Empire region

The following cities and towns in Eastern Washington have over 10,000 inhabitants.[6]

National Parks and other protected areas

The summit of Goat Peak in the Okanogan National Forest

limited protection areas

Counties

Eastern Washington is composed of Adams, Asotin, Benton, Chelan, Columbia, Douglas, Ferry, Franklin, Garfield, Grant, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lincoln, Okanogan, Pend Oreille, Spokane, Stevens, Walla Walla, Whitman, and Yakima Counties.

Population

Compared to Western Washington, Eastern Washington has roughly twice the land area and one-third the population. According to the U.S. Census Bureau the population estimate as of July 2014 was 1,547,303. The population growth rate between the two is roughly the same. Of Washington's nine Congressional districts, Eastern Washington exactly encompasses two (the 4th and 5th), aside from a small portion of the 4th in Skamania County.

Educational institutions

Eastern Washington hosts a number of world-renowned universities including three of the state's five public universities.

Public institutions

Private institutions

Research institutions

Images

Notes

  1. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data".  
  2. ^ "Climatological Normals of Spokane".  
  3. ^ WSP Eastside Recruiter Returns to Face Recruitment Challenge,  
  4. ^ "Eastside steelheading enters last month".  
  5. ^ "Eastside Earthquakes Get Attention At Conference In Yakima".  
  6. ^ Population figures are the most recent figures contained in the respective WorldHeritage articles, or in the List of cities in Washington.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.