World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Eduard Kuznetsov


Eduard Kuznetsov

Edward Samuilovich Kuznetsov

Edward Samuilovich Kuznetsov (Russian language: Эдуард Самуилович Кузнецов; born in Moscow, 1939) is a Soviet-born dissident, human rights activist, and writer who settled in Israel in 1979.

In 1961, Kuznetsov was arrested for the first time and served seven years in Soviet prisons for making overtly political speeches in poetry readings at Mayakovsky Square in central Moscow and for his involvement in publishing samizdat. Among those also attending these informal gatherings were Yuri Galanskov, Vladimir Osipov and, the youngest of all, Vladimir Bukovsky.


  • The Leningrad plane hijackers case 1
  • Literary and other activities 2
  • Notes 3
  • External links 4

The Leningrad plane hijackers case

A few years later Kuznetsov became one of the organizers of the Leningrad plane hijackers or Dymshits–Kuznetsov hijacking affair in June 1970. Arrested for "high treason," he faced the death sentence but after lodging an appeal and international protests against his execution his sentence was replaced with fifteen years in prison and labour camp.[1] This case "opened the doors of emigration to thousands of Soviet Jews."[2] In the 1970s Kuznetsov shared a prison cell with Danylo Shumuk for five years.

In 1979 he and four other dissidents were exchanged for two Soviet spies arrested in the US.[2] Kuznetsov then emigrated to Israel.

Literary and other activities

From 1983 to 1990 he was chief of the news department of Radio Liberty in Munich.[2] In 1992 he co-founded the Israeli Russian-language newspaper, Vesti (The News), which he edited until 1999.

Kuznetsov is a member of the Pen Club and has been widely published in European, US and Israeli media. He is the author of three novels: Prison Diary (1973), Mordovian Marathon (1979) (both written secretly in prison and smuggled abroad) and Russian Romance (1984). All three have been translated into many languages. In 1974, Prison Diary won the Gulliver Award in France, being declared the best book written by a foreign author.[2]

In 2005 Kuznetsov participated in "They Chose Freedom", a four-part television documentary on the history of the Soviet dissident movement. He currently lives in Jerusalem, Israel and is a board member of Soviet dissident aid foundation The Gratitude Fund.[3]


  1. ^ See Chronicle of Current Events, issue 17, for a dispassionate account of this extraordinary affair.
  2. ^ a b c d
  3. ^

External links

  • Edward Kuznetsov biography at The Gratitude Fund
  • Edward Kuznetsov biography at "Gulag authors and their memoirs", Sakharov Centre (in Russian)
  • , a documentary about the hijacking affair, directed by Anat Zalmanson-Kuznetsov, daughter of the group's leader.Operation Wedding
  • FrontPage magazine"Alexander Ginzburg and the Resistance to Totalitarian Evil, Then and Now" , a 2002 interview with Edward Kuznetsov, Vladimir Bukovsky and Yuri Yarim-Agaev
  • FrontPage magazine"Gulag Day", , a 2002 interview with Vladimir Bukovsky, Edward Kuznetsov, Yuri Yarim-Agaev, Paul Hollander and Richard Pipes
  • (Russian) Interview with the "Memorial" society
  • (Russian) Interview at Sem40
  • (Russian) Biography and books at Belousenko library
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.