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Edward Shackleton, Baron Shackleton

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Title: Edward Shackleton, Baron Shackleton  
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Subject: First Wilson ministry, George Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe, Frank Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford, History of the Falkland Islands, Judith Hart
Collection: 1911 Births, 1994 Deaths, Alumni of Magdalen College, Oxford, British Secretaries of State, Conservative Party (Uk) Politicians, English Geographers, Fellows of the Royal Society (Statute 12), Honorary Companions of the Order of Australia, Knights of the Garter, Labour Party (Uk) Life Peers, Labour Party (Uk) Mps, Leaders of the House of Lords, Lords Privy Seal, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for English Constituencies, Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Officers of the Order of the British Empire, People Associated with the University of Southampton, People Educated at Radley College, Presidents of the Royal Geographical Society, Secretaries of State for Air (Uk), Uk Mps 1945–50, Uk Mps 1950–51, Uk Mps 1951–55, United Kingdom Paymasters General
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Edward Shackleton, Baron Shackleton

1969 photograph, by Godfrey Argent.

Edward Arthur Alexander Shackleton, Baron Shackleton, KG AC OBE PC FRS FRGS FRCGS[1] (15 July 1911 – 22 September 1994), was a British geographer and Labour Party politician.

Born in Wandsworth, London, Shackleton was the younger son of Sir Ernest Shackleton, the Antarctic explorer.

Contents

  • Education 1
  • Life and career 2
  • Personal life 3
  • Arms 4
  • References 5
  • Bibliography 6
  • External links 7

Education

Shackleton was educated at Radley College, a boarding independent school for boys near the village of Radley in Oxfordshire, followed by Magdalen College at the University of Oxford.[2]

Life and career

Shackleton was a member of the 1932 Tom Harrisson. During this trip he was the first to attain the peak of Mount Mulu.

In 1934 Shackleton organised the Oxford University Ellesmere Land Expedition and chose Gordon Noel Humphreys to lead it. Shackleton accompanied the party as the assistant surveyor to Humphreys. The expedition was eventually responsible for naming Mount Oxford (after the University of Oxford) and the British Empire Range. On leaving university, he worked as a Talks Producer for the BBC in Northern Ireland – an experience that turned him away from the Conservative Party towards Labour. After wartime service in the RAF, Shackleton was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1945.[3]

He stood unsuccessfully for Labour at Epsom in the 1945 general election and in the 1945 Bournemouth by-election. In 1946, Shackleton was elected as Labour Member of Parliament for Preston in a by-election. In 1950, he was elected MP for Preston South, re-elected in 1951. In 1955, he was defeated and was made a life peer as Baron Shackleton, of Burley in the County of Hampshire on 11 August 1958.[4] In Harold Wilson's government, he served as Minister of Defence for the RAF 1964–1967, Minister without Portfolio 1967–1968 and Paymaster General 1968. He was Leader of the House of Lords from 1968 to 1970, and subsequently Opposition Leader of the House of Lords.

From 1971, Shackleton was President of the Royal Geographical Society. Lord Shackleton was appointed a Knight Companion of the Order of the Garter in 1974.[5] In 1994 he became the Life President of the newly founded James Caird Society, named after the boat in which his explorer father and crew escaped Antarctica (itself, in turn, named for James Key Caird (1837–1916), jute baron and philanthropist). He acted also as patron of the British Schools Exploring Society (B.S.E.S.) from 1962 until his death in the New Forest aged 83. In 1989 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society under Statute 12 (effectively an honorary member).[6]

In 1990 Shackleton was appointed an honorary Companion of the Order of Australia (AC), Australia's highest civilian honour, "for service to Australian/British relations, particularly through the Britain–Australia Society.[7]

Lord Shackleton was Pro-Chancellor of the University of Southampton, in which role he was deeply interested in the development of geography at Southampton. A portrait photograph of Lord Shackleton was unveiled by his daughter the Hon. Alexandra Shackleton in December 1997 in the university's Shackleton Building, which houses the Departments of Geography and Psychology.

Personal life

In 1938, Shackleton married Betty Homan, and they had two children: the Hon. Charles Edward Ernest Shackleton and the Hon. Alexandra Shackleton.

Arms

Arms of Edward Shackleton, Baron Shackleton
Crest
A Poplar Tree proper charged with a Buckle as in the arms
Escutcheon
Or on a Fess Gules three Lozengy Buckles tongues palewise Gold on a Canton of the second a Cross Humettée of the third
Motto
FORTITUDINE VINCIMIS (BY ENDURANCE WE CONQUER)
Orders
Order of the Garter circlet (Appointed 23 April 1974)

References

  1. ^  
  2. ^  
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37119. p. 2949. 14 June 1945.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 41473. p. 5077. 15 August 1958.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46274. p. 5227. 26 April 1974.
  6. ^ "Library and Archive catalog". Royal Society. Retrieved 28 February 2021. 
  7. ^ It's an Honour: AC

Bibliography

  • Hattersley-Smith, Geoffrey. Geographical Names of the Ellesmere Island National Park Reserve and Vicinity. Calgary, Alberta, Canada: Arctic Institute of North America, 1998. ISBN 0-919034-96-9.

External links

  • University of Southampton website ("Shackleton portrait unveiled in Geography Department")
  • BSES
  • Archive collection of Edward Shackleton collection with bio/history
  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Edward Shackleton
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Sunderland
Samuel Segal
Member of Parliament for Preston
19461950
With: Samuel Segal
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Preston South
19501955
Succeeded by
Alan Green
Political offices
Preceded by
Hugh Charles Fraser
Secretary of State for Air
1964–1966
Office abolished
Preceded by
The Earl of Longford
Lord Privy Seal
1968
Succeeded by
Fred Peart
Vacant
Title last held by
George Wigg
Paymaster-General
1968
Succeeded by
Judith Hart
Preceded by
The Earl of Longford
Leader of the House of Lords
1968–1970
Succeeded by
The Earl Jellicoe
Preceded by
Fred Peart
Lord Privy Seal
1968–1970
Party political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Longford
Leader of the Labour Party in the House of Lords
1968–1974
Succeeded by
The Lord Shepherd
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Baroness Wootton of Abinger
Senior life peer
1988–1994
Succeeded by
The Lord Shawcross
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