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Eighty-first United States Congress

 

Eighty-first United States Congress

81st United States Congress
United States Capitol (2002)

Duration: January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1951

Senate President: Vacant (until Jan 20, 1949)
Alben W. Barkley (from Jan 20, 1949)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Kenneth McKellar
House Speaker: Sam Rayburn
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
4 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
1st: January 3, 1949 – October 19, 1949
2nd: January 3, 1950 – January 2, 1951
<80th 82nd>

The Eighty-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1949 to January 3, 1951, during the fifth and sixth years of Harry S. Truman's presidency.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events

  • January 20, 1949: Inauguration of President Truman and Vice President Barkley
  • August 16, 1949: Office of Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff created
  • January 21, 1950: Accused communist spy Alger Hiss was convicted of perjury
  • January 31, 1950: President Truman ordered the development of the hydrogen bomb, in response to the detonation of the Soviet Union's first atomic bomb in 1949
  • June 27, 1950: Korean War: President Truman ordered American military forces to aid in the defense of South Korea

Major legislation

  • June 20, 1949: § 403a
  • May 5, 1950: Uniform Code of Military Justice, ch. 169, 64 Stat. 109
  • October 25, 1949: Hospital Survey and Construction Amendments of 1949, ch. 722, Stat. 898
  • October 26, 1949: ch. 8
  • October 31, 1949: Agricultural Act of 1949, ch. 792, 63 Stat. 1051
  • May 10, 1950: ch. 16
  • September 8, 1950: Stat. 798
  • September 12, 1950: Budget and Accounting Procedures Act of 1950, ch. 946, 64 Stat. 832
  • September 23, 1950: § 781
  • September 30, 1950: Performance Rating Act, ch. 1123, 64 Stat. 1098
  • August 15, 1950: Omnibus Medical Research Act, National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Blindness)
  • December 29, 1950: Celler-Kefauver Act (Anti-Merger Act), ch. 1184, 64 Stat. 1125
  • January 12, 1951: Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950, ch. 1228, 64 [1])

Hearings

Party summary

Senate

TOTAL members: 96

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 435

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Members

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Senators are ordered first by state, and then by seniority. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate

Template:Ordinal US Congress Senate |- | Kentucky
(3) | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Alben W. Barkley (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 19, 1949 to become U.S. Vice President.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election. | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Garrett L. Withers (D) | January 20, 1949 |- | North Carolina
(2) | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | J. Melville Broughton (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died March 6, 1949.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election. | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Frank P. Graham (D) | March 29, 1949 |- | New York
(3) | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Robert F. Wagner (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 28, 1949 due to ill health.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election. | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | John Foster Dulles (R) | July 7, 1949 |- | Rhode Island
(1) | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | J. Howard McGrath (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned August 23, 1949 to become U.S. Attorney General.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election. | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Edward L. Leahy (D) | August 24, 1950 |- | Idaho
(2) | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Bert H. Miller (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died October 8, 1949.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election, which he subsequently won. | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Henry Dworshak (R) | October 14, 1949 |- | Kansas
(3) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Clyde M. Reed (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died November 8, 1949.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election. | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Harry Darby (R) | December 2, 1949 |- | New York
(3) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | John Foster Dulles (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost special election November 8, 1949.
Successor was elected to finish term. | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Herbert H. Lehman (D) | November 9, 1949 |- | Connecticut
(1) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Raymond E. Baldwin (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 16, 1949.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election, which he subsequently won. | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | William Benton (D) | December 17, 1949 |- | Kentucky
(3) | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Garrett L. Withers (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Retired after successor elected November 26, 1950.
Successor was elected to finish term. | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Earle C. Clements (D) | November 27, 1950 |- | North Carolina
(2) | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Frank P. Graham (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost special election to finish term November 26, 1950.
Successor was elected to finish term. | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Willis Smith (D) | November 27, 1950 |- | Kansas
(3) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Harry Darby (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Retired after successor elected November 28, 1950.
Successor was elected to finish term. | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Frank Carlson (R) | November 29, 1950 |- | California
(3) | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Sheridan Downey (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 30, 1950 due to ill health.
Successor was appointed to finish term, having already been elected to the next term. | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Richard Nixon (R) | December 1, 1950 |- | Rhode Island
(1) | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Edward L. Leahy (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Retired after successor elected December 18, 1950.
Successor was elected to finish term. | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | John O. Pastore (D) | December 19, 1950 |}

House of Representatives

Template:Ordinal US Congress Rep |- | New York 7th | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Rep. John J. Delaney died during previous congress | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Louis B. Heller (D) | February 15, 1949 |- | New York 20th | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap| Sol Bloom (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died March 7, 1949 | Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr. (Lib) | May 17, 1949 |- | New York 10th | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap| Andrew L. Somers (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died April 6, 1949 | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Edna F. Kelly (D) | November 8, 1949 |- | Pennsylvania 26th | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap| Robert L. Coffey (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died April 20, 1949 | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | John P. Saylor (R) | September 13, 1949 |- | California 5th | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap| Richard J. Welch (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died September 10, 1949 | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | John Shelley (D) | November 8, 1949 |- | Massachusetts 6th | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap| George J. Bates (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died November 1, 1949 | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | William H. Bates (R) | February 14, 1950 |- | Illinois 5th | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap| Martin Gorski (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died December 4, 1949 | Vacant | Not filled for the remainder of this term |- | New Jersey 7th | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap| J. Parnell Thomas (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 2, 1950 following conviction on charges of salary fraud | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | William B. Widnall (R) | February 6, 1950 |- | Virginia 1st | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap| S. Otis Bland (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died February 16, 1950 | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Edward J. Robeson, Jr. (D) | May 2, 1950 |- | Illinois 13th | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap| Ralph E. Church (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died March 21, 1950 | Vacant | Not filled for the remainder of this term |- | Texas 18th | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap| Eugene Worley (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned April 3, 1950 after being appointed associate judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals | Vacant | Not filled for the remainder of this term |- | Michigan 16th | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap| John Lesinski, Sr. (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died May 27, 1950 | Vacant | Not filled for the remainder of this term |- | North Dakota At-large | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap| William Lemke (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died May 30, 1950 | Vacant | Not filled for the remainder of this term |- | North Carolina 11th | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap| Alfred L. Bulwinkle (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died August 31, 1950 | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Woodrow W. Jones (D) | November 7, 1950 |- | Kansas 3rd | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap| Herbert A. Meyer (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died October 2, 1950 | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | Myron V. George (R) | November 7, 1950 |- | California 12th | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap| Richard Nixon (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 30, 1950 after being appointed to the US Senate | Vacant | Not filled for the remainder of this term |- | Wyoming At-large | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap| Frank A. Barrett (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 31, 1950 after being elected Governor of Wyoming | Vacant | Not filled for the remainder of this term |}

Employees

Architect of the Capitol: David Lynn

Senate

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House of Representatives

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