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El Paso County, Colorado

El Paso County, Colorado
El Paso County Justice Center
Map of Colorado highlighting El Paso County
Location in the state of Colorado
Map of the United States highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
Founded November 1, 1861
Named for Spanish language name for Ute Pass
Seat Colorado Springs
Largest city Colorado Springs
Area
 • Total 2,130 sq mi (5,517 km2)
 • Land 2,127 sq mi (5,509 km2)
 • Water 2.7 sq mi (7 km2), 0.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2014) 663,519
 • Density 293/sq mi (113/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website .com.elpasocowww
Footnotes:
Most populous Colorado county Texas of the Rockies
An isolated rural house next to a mountain in northern El Paso County.
Summer greenery of El Paso County

El Paso County is one of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2014 Census, the population was 663,519.[1] The Census Bureau's 2014 estimate indicates it is the second most populous county in Colorado, after the City and County of Denver. The county seat is Colorado Springs,[2] the second most populous city in Colorado.

El Paso County is included in the Colorado Springs, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

El Paso County is located in Colorado's 5th congressional district. It is known as the Texas of the Rockies. Since its creation in 1871, El Paso County has typically voted for the Republican presidential candidate in presidential elections; the last Democratic nominee to win the county was Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964. The Democratic Party won El Paso County four additional times prior, and the Populist Party won in 1892, with General James B. Weaver.

In 2004, the voters of Colorado Springs and El Paso County established the Pikes Peak Rural Transportation Authority (PPRTA) and adopted a 1% sales tax dedicated to improving the region's transportation infrastructure. Together with state funding for COSMIX (2007 completion) and the I-25 interchange with Highway 16 (2008 completion), significant progress has been made since 2003 in addressing the transportation needs of the area.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • Major highways 2.2
    • National protected area 2.3
    • State protected area 2.4
    • Historic sites 2.5
    • Trails 2.6
  • Demographics 3
  • Government 4
  • Communities 5
    • Cities 5.1
    • Towns 5.2
    • Census-designated places 5.3
    • Unincorporated communities 5.4
  • Military sites 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

In July 1858, gold was discovered along the El Paso County. El Paso County was named for the Spanish language name for Ute Pass north of Pikes Peak. Colorado City served as the county seat of El Paso County.

The Jefferson Territory never received federal sanction, but on 1861-02-28, Territory of Colorado.[3] El Paso County was one of the original 17 counties created by the Colorado legislature on November 1, 1861. Part of its western territory was broken off to create Teller County in 1899. Originally based in Old Colorado City (now part of Colorado Springs, not today's Colorado City between Pueblo and Walsenburg), El Paso County's county seat was moved to Colorado Springs in 1873.

Geography

El Paso County Fairgrounds in Calhan, Colorado.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,130 square miles (5,500 km2), of which 2,127 square miles (5,510 km2) is land and 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) (0.1%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected area

Pikes Peak dominates the county's skyline.

State protected area

Historic sites

Trails

Demographics

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 516,929 people, 192,409 households, and 133,916 families residing in the county. The population density was 243 people per square mile (94/km²). There were 202,428 housing units at an average density of 95 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.19% White, 6.51% Black or African American, 0.91% Native American, 2.53% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 4.70% from other races, and 3.91% from two or more races. 11.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 192,409 households out of which 36.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 10.50% from 18 to 24, 32.50% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, and 8.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.

Government

El Paso County Justice Center in Colorado Springs.

El Paso County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners. Its current members are Amy Lathen, Sallie Clark, Dennis Hisey, Darryl Glenn, and Peggy Littleton.

The Colorado Department of Corrections has its headquarters in an unincorporated area in the county.[11][12]

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Military sites

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 22, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ "An Act to provide a temporary Government for the Territory of Colorado" (PDF).  
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  11. ^ "Contacts." Colorado Department of Corrections. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
  12. ^ "Council District Map." City of Colorado Springs. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.

External links

  • El Paso County Government website
  • Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck
  • Colorado Historical Society

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