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Ernest McFarland

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Title: Ernest McFarland  
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Subject: Lyndon B. Johnson, United States Senate election in Arizona, 1952, Barry Goldwater, Electoral history of Barry Goldwater, Arizona Supreme Court
Collection: 1894 Births, 1984 Deaths, American Military Personnel of World War I, Arizona Democrats, Chief Justices of the Arizona Supreme Court, Democratic Party State Governors of the United States, Democratic Party United States Senators, East Central University Alumni, Governors of Arizona, Lawyers from Phoenix, Arizona, People from Casa Grande, Arizona, People from Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma, Politicians from Phoenix, Arizona, Stanford University Alumni, United States Navy Personnel, United States Senators from Arizona, University of Oklahoma Alumni
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Ernest McFarland

Ernest W. McFarland
United States Senator
from Arizona
In office
January 3, 1941 – January 3, 1953
Preceded by Henry F. Ashurst
Succeeded by Barry M. Goldwater
Senate Majority Leader
In office
January 3, 1951 – January 3, 1953
Deputy Lyndon B. Johnson (whip)
Preceded by Scott W. Lucas
Succeeded by Robert A. Taft
10th Governor of Arizona
In office
January 3, 1955 – January 5, 1959
Preceded by John Howard Pyle
Succeeded by Paul Fannin
Chief Justice of the Arizona Supreme Court
In office
January 1968 – December 1968
Preceded by Charles C. Bernstein
Succeeded by Jesse Addison Udall
Personal details
Born (1894-10-09)October 9, 1894
Earlsboro, Oklahoma
Died June 8, 1984(1984-06-08) (aged 89)
Phoenix, Arizona
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Clare Collins (d.1930)
Eveland Smith (m.1933)
Children 2
Alma mater East Central State Teachers' College
University of Oklahoma
Stanford University
Religion Methodism
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
Battles/wars World War I

Ernest William McFarland (October 9, 1894 – June 8, 1984) was an American politician and, with Warren Atherton, is considered one of the "Fathers of the G.I. Bill". He is the only Arizonan to serve in the highest office in all three branches of Arizona government—two at the state level, one at the federal level. He was a Democratic Senator from Arizona from 1941 to 1953 (Majority Leader from 1951 to 1953) before serving as the tenth Governor of Arizona from 1955 to 1959. Finally McFarland sat as Chief Justice on the Arizona Supreme Court in 1968.

Early life

Born on a farm near Earlsboro, Oklahoma, on October 9, 1894. McFarland attended rural schools and graduated from East Central State Teachers' College, Ada, Oklahoma, in 1914 and from the University of Oklahoma at Norman, in 1917.

During World War I, he served in the United States Navy and nearly died of a bronchial infection. Following surgery by Navy surgeons, he was discharged in 1919 and sent to live in a drier climate. Thus, after the war McFarland moved to Phoenix, Arizona, and was employed as a clerk in a bank. He gathered enough money to pay for tuition and graduated with a law and political science degree from Stanford University in 1921. He moved back to Arizona, passed the bar exam, and commenced practice in Casa Grande. He soon developed an expertise in agricultural and water-use legislation, which would suit Arizona well in the future.

Rise to prominence and Senatorship

After serving as the assistant attorney general of Arizona from 1923 to 1924, county attorney of Pinal County from 1925 to 1930, and judge of the superior court of Pinal County from 1934 to 1940, McFarland entered the U.S. Senate race in 1940. The twenty-eight-year Democratic incumbent, Henry F. Ashurst, appeared to be unbeatable and did not launch an aggressive campaign to retain his seat. While Ashurst remained in Washington, D.C., McFarland canvassed the state, giving speeches on water issues and World War II in Europe. By a three-to-one margin, he defeated Ashurst in the primary and went on to win the general election.

Senator McFarland, along with Senator Carl T. Hayden, lobbied for the Central Arizona Project (CAP) aimed at providing Arizona's share of the Colorado River to the state. His efforts failed while he was a senator; however, they laid a critical foundation for the eventual passage of the CAP in the late 1960s.

Not forgetting his veteran roots, McFarland became interested in legislation to benefit Congress.

By unanimous votes, the United States Senate and the House of Representatives approved the legislation in March and May, respectively and, on June 22, 1944, President Franklin Roosevelt signed the G.I. Bill into law.

McFarland was easily reelected Senator in 1946 and served as chairman of a Commerce subcommittee where he helped plan a post-war role for the U.S. in international communications and rewrote the Communications Act of 1934. After Democratic Majority Leader Scott W. Lucas was defeated in 1950 due to his link with Truman's administration, McFarland's Democratic colleagues chose him as majority leader. He served in that position for two years. In 1952, he was defeated by Barry Goldwater in the national Republican landslide that year led by Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Governor of Arizona and the return to law

McFarland was elected governor of Arizona in 1954 and reelected in 1956. He worked with members of the Bureau of Reclamation to pick a location for the Glen Canyon Dam and emphasized education during his two terms in office.

Shortly after he returned from the Senate, he and several friends formed the Arizona Television Company to start a television station in Phoenix. McFarland had long been intrigued by the still-new medium. In 1955, shortly after he became governor, he opened KTVK, Phoenix's third television station. He chose the call letters "because TV would be our middle

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