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Evergreen House

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Evergreen House

Evergreen House
Evergreen House, August 2011
Location 4545 N. Charles St., Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Coordinates

39°20′54″N 76°37′16″W / 39.34833°N 76.62111°W / 39.34833; -76.62111Coordinates: 39°20′54″N 76°37′16″W / 39.34833°N 76.62111°W / 39.34833; -76.62111

Built 1850
Architect Niernsee & Nielson; Multiple
Architectural style Classical Revival, Renaissance
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 83002932[1]
Added to NRHP January 17, 1983

Evergreen Museum & Library, also known as Evergreen House, is a historical museum of the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. It is located between the campuses of the College of Notre Dame and Loyola College. It, along with Homewood Museum, make up the Johns Hopkins University Museums.

History

The mansion was built in the mid-19th century and bought in 1878 by the president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, John W. Garrett.[2] Railroads were then a key industry in the United States and, as Baltimore's Garrett family owned and managed one of the biggest rail companies, the home grew and became both luxurious and famous. John Garrett's son T. Harrison added a wing containing a billiard room, bowling alley, and a gymnasium, which in later years were converted into an art gallery and private theater.[2] Evergreen House served as a home for the family until 1942, when it was donated to the university. In fact, Garrett was a trustee of the Peabody Institute and asked its founder, George Peabody, to persuade Johns Hopkins to make the bequest that would make possible The Johns Hopkins University, Hospital, and School of Medicine.

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.[1]

Architecture

The house, a magnificent example of Gilded Age architecture, occupies 26 acres (11 ha) landscaped in Northern Baltimore and is on the National Register of Historic Places. The initial design was a more modest Italianate house but, with the Garretts, it became a 48-room mansion with a 23-karat gold plated bathroom, a 30,000-book library, and a theatre painted by famous Russian artist Léon Bakst. The abundant decorative items in the house reflect the Garretts' travels and interests, including a red Asian room displaying Japanese and Chinese items, paintings by Picasso, Modigliani, and Degas, glass by Tiffany or Dutch marquetry.

The exterior of the house was an influence for the exterior of the Haunted Mansion at Disneyland in California, as noted in Haunted Mansion: From The Magic Kingdom To The Movies by Jason Surrell.

Today, the university manages the museum and offers guided tours.

References

External links

  • Evergreen House, Baltimore City, including undated photo, at Maryland Historical Trust
  • Evergeen House website
  • Evergreen House (grounds entrance) on Google Street View

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