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FIDE World Chess Championship 1998

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FIDE World Chess Championship 1998

The FIDE World Chess Championship 1998 was contested in a match between the FIDE World Champion Anatoly Karpov and the challenger Viswanathan Anand. The match took place between 2 January and 9 January 1998 in Lausanne, Switzerland. The challenger was determined in a tournament held in Groningen, Netherlands, between 9 December and 30 December 1997. After the championship match ended in a draw, Karpov won the rapid playoff, becoming the 1998 FIDE World Chess Champion.

New World Championship format

Background

From 1948 to 1993, the world chess championship had been administered by FIDE, the international chess federation. In 1993, World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov split from FIDE and formed a rival organisation, the Professional Chess Association. FIDE stripped Kasparov of his title, meaning there were now two rival championships: the FIDE title, held by Anatoly Karpov, and the PCA title, held by Kasparov. Karpov and Kasparov had successfully defended their titles at the FIDE World Chess Championship 1996 and PCA World Chess Championship 1995 respectively.

From 1948 until 1996, World Chess Championships had followed a similar pattern: a series of qualifying tournaments and matches were held over more than a year, culminating in the Candidates Tournament. The winner of the Candidates tournament was the official challenger for the world title and would play the incumbent champion in a match for world championship. (The 1996 cycle was an exception. The incumbent world champion participated in the Candidates tournament as a seeded semi-finalist.)

In 1997, FIDE president Kirsan Ilyumzhinov proposed a completely new structure: a knockout tournament, consisting of two-game matches (slightly longer in the final rounds), with match tie-breakers using rapid chess and blitz chess if necessary. This format had been done before in tournaments, but never at the world championship level.

In addition to the new format, it was proposed by Ilyumzhinov as a way to unify the two rival world titles. To do this, FIDE champion Anatoly Karpov and PCA champion Garry Kasparov were each to be seeded into the semi-finals.

Kasparov did not want to defend his title under these circumstances and declined his invitation. The format was then modified to have FIDE champion Karpov seeded directly into the final.

Controversies

The advantages of the new format were:

  • It avoided a long cycle, and was all over in a month or so. This is could all be done in the one venue, it would not have the scheduling problems which had beset some previous world championship cycles. Each round could be played in 3 days (one day for each normal time control game, and one for the tie breaks).
  • More players (up to 128) could be included.
  • There were no special privileges for the incumbent champion or seeded players (although some were preserved in the earlier championships, these were completely eliminated later on).

Opponents pointed out disadvantages of the format:

  • Short matches (only two games in the earlier rounds) left too much to chance - the stronger player could blunder a game, and it would be difficult to recover from a bad start. (Many world championship and Candidates matches had been won by the player who recovered from an early loss).
  • The rapid playoffs were also seen to be left too much to chance: strength in rapid chess is not the same as strength in chess with normal time controls.
  • These first two considerations, taken together, meant there was a very high chance that the best player would not win, or even that a complete outsider might win, opponents argued.
  • Some people felt that the tradition of the champion being seeded into the final should be preserved, so that a new champion can only be champion by defeating the old champion.

Prominent non-participants

  • Kasparov did not want to defend his title under these circumstances, and declined his invitation.
  • Vladimir Kramnik declined to play, in protest against Karpov being seeded into the final.

Participants

All players are grandmasters unless indicated otherwise.

1 Kramnik (ranked 2nd in the world) declined participation on the grounds that Karpov's direct entry into the final was unacceptable.[2]

2 Mohammed did not appear.

Garry Kasparov (ranked 1st in the world), Gata Kamsky (ranked 7th), and Zsuzsa Polgar (Women's world champion) declined participation in advance.

Karpov as defending FIDE champion was seeded directly into the championship match. Of the 97 remaining participants, 68 entered the tournament in the first round, 28 in the second round and 1 (Gelfand, the winner of the previous Interzonal) in the third round.

Results, rounds 1-4

Section 1

  First round Second round Third round Fourth round
                                     
        
  9  Michael Adams 2  
    40  Giorgy Giorgadze 0  
40  Giorgy Giorgadze 4
78  Étienne Bacrot 3  
  9  Michael Adams  
  60  Sergei Tiviakov ½  
27  Eduardas Rozentalis  
71  Konstantin Lerner ½  
  27  Eduardas Rozentalis ½
    60  Sergei Tiviakov  
      
        
  9  Michael Adams 4
  19  Peter Svidler 2
        
        
  19  Peter Svidler
    47  Utut Adianto ½  
47  Utut Adianto 2
87  Wang Zili 0  
  19  Peter Svidler
  69  Vladimir Epishin ½  
        
        
  35  Ivan Sokolov
    69  Vladimir Epishin  
      

Section 2

  First round Second round Third round Fourth round
                                     
        
  4  Veselin Topalov ½  
    38  Jeroen Piket  
      
        
  38  Jeroen Piket  
  21  Loek van Wely  
        
        
  21  Loek van Wely
    91  Igor Miladinović ½  
54  Curt Hansen
91  Igor Miladinović  
  21  Loek van Wely
  12  Kiril Georgiev ½
        
        
  12  Kiril Georgiev
    44  Boris Alterman  
44  Boris Alterman
83  Peter Wells ½  
  12  Kiril Georgiev
  34  Vadim Milov ½  
74  Larry Christiansen 4  
28  Ulf Andersson 5  
  28  Ulf Andersson 3
    34  Vadim Milov 4  
63  Vasilios Kotronias
34  Vadim Milov  

Section 3

  First round Second round Third round Fourth round
                                     
        
  6  Alexander Beliavsky  
    42  Jan Timman ½  
      
        
  6  Alexander Beliavsky  
  23  Sergei Rublevsky  
23  Sergei Rublevsky 2  
68  Kevin Spraggett 0  
  23  Sergei Rublevsky
    92  Tal Shaked ½  
92  Tal Shaked 3
56  Ivan Morovic 2  
  6  Alexander Beliavsky 1
  18  Nigel Short 3
        
        
  18  Nigel Short
    49  Viktor Korchnoi  
49  Viktor Korchnoi
84  Gilberto Hernandez ½  
  18  Nigel Short 2
  65  Andrei Sokolov 0  
29  Alexander Chernin 2  
75  Andrei Istrăţescu 3  
  75  Andrei Istrăţescu 0
    65  Andrei Sokolov 2  
65  Andrei Sokolov
99  Watu Kobese ½  

Section 4

  First round Second round Third round Fourth round
                                     
        
  22  Zurab Azmaiparashvili  
    76  Roman Slobodjan  
76  Roman Slobodjan
33  Peter Leko ½  
  22  Zurab Azmaiparashvili  
  16  Aleksej Alexandrov ½  
16  Aleksej Alexandrov 3  
67  Boris Gulko 2  
  16  Aleksej Alexandrov
    51  Jóhann Hjartarson  
51  Jóhann Hjartarson
89  Sarunas Sulskis  
  22  Zurab Azmaiparashvili 3
  25  Michal Krasenkov 4
        
        
  11  Yevgeny Bareev 2
    45  Vladimir Malaniuk 0  
45  Vladimir Malaniuk 2
81  Hichem Hamdouchi 0  
  11  Yevgeny Bareev ½
  25  Michal Krasenkov  
25  Michal Krasenkov  
73  Paul van der Sterren ½  
  25  Michal Krasenkov
    94  Gildardo Garcia ½  
59  Emil Sutovsky ½
94  Gildardo Garcia  

Section 5

  First round Second round Third round Fourth round
                                     
95  Vasily Smyslov 0  
58  Alexander Morozevich 2  
  58  Alexander Morozevich ½  
    26  Lembit Oll  
72  Margeir Petursson ½
26  Lembit Oll  
  26  Lembit Oll  
  46  Vladislav Tkachiev  
80  Alexander Fominyh ½  
46  Vladislav Tkachiev  
  46  Vladislav Tkachiev 3
    10  Valery Salov 1  
      
        
  46  Vladislav Tkachiev
  8  Boris Gelfand
88  Dibyendu Barua 2  
52  Zbyněk Hráček 3  
  52  Zbyněk Hráček ½
    17  Joël Lautier  
      
        
  17  Joël Lautier 2
  8  Boris Gelfand 4  
        
        
        
            
      

Section 6

  First round Second round Third round Fourth round
                                     
98  Hendrik Hoeksema ½  
64  Alexander Nenashev  
  64  Alexander Nenashev ½  
    30  Alexey Dreev  
      
        
  30  Alexey Dreev  
  14  Matthew Sadler ½  
86  John van der Wiel ½  
48  Jaan Ehlvest  
  48  Jaan Ehlvest 2
    14  Matthew Sadler 4  
      
        
  30  Alexey Dreev 3
  36  Vadim Zvjaginsev 1
        
        
  55  Grigory Kaidanov 2
    36  Vadim Zvjaginsev 4  
66  Joel Benjamin 2
36  Vadim Zvjaginsev 3  
  36  Vadim Zvjaginsev
  39  Yasser Seirawan  
39  Yasser Seirawan 3  
77  Ashot Anastasian 1  
  39  Yasser Seirawan
    5  Vassily Ivanchuk ½  
      

Section 7

  First round Second round Third round Fourth round
                                     
96  Helgi Gretarsson  
62  Miguel Illescas ½  
  96  Helgi Gretarsson ½  
    32  Artur Yusupov  
      
        
  32  Artur Yusupov ½  
  43  Zoltán Almási  
82  Peng Xiaomin ½  
43  Zoltán Almási  
  43  Zoltán Almási
    13  Judit Polgár ½  
      
        
  43  Zoltán Almási 0
  2  Viswanathan Anand 2
90  Igor Glek  
53  Friso Nijboer  
  53  Friso Nijboer 0
    20  Alexander Khalifman 2  
      
        
  20  Alexander Khalifman
  2  Viswanathan Anand  
        
        
  37  Predrag Nikolić 0
    2  Viswanathan Anand 2  
      

Section 8

  First round Second round Third round Fourth round
                                     
100  Alexander Umgaev 0  
61  Viktor Bologan 2  
  61  Viktor Bologan 0  
    31  Rafael Vaganian 2  
      
        
  31  Rafael Vaganian 3  
  15  Vladimir Akopian 4  
85  Thomas Luther  
50  Lajos Portisch  
  85  Thomas Luther ½
    15  Vladimir Akopian  
      
        
  15  Vladimir Akopian ½
  7  Alexei Shirov
57  Gilberto Milos 2  
93  Niaz Murshed 0  
  57  Gilberto Milos 2
    70  Stephan Kindermann 0  
70  Stephan Kindermann 3
24  Alex Yermolinsky 2  
  57  Gilberto Milos
  7  Alexei Shirov  
79  Bojan Kurajica  
41  Julio Granda  
  41  Julio Granda ½
    7  Alexei Shirov  
      

Results, rounds 5–7

Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
                         
9  England Michael Adams  
21  Netherlands Loek van Wely  
  9  England Michael Adams 4  
  18  England Nigel Short 3  
18  England Nigel Short 2
25  Poland Michal Krasenkov 0  
    9  England Michael Adams 4
  2  India Viswanathan Anand 5
8  Belarus Boris Gelfand  
30  Russia Alexey Dreev  
  8  Belarus Boris Gelfand ½
  2  India Viswanathan Anand  
2  India Viswanathan Anand
7  Spain Alexei Shirov ½  

Championship match

The match was played over 6 games (on January 2-3-4 and 6-7-8) and ended in a 3-3 tie. Two rapid games were then played on January 9. Karpov won both, retaining his title.

World Chess Championship Match 1998
Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 R1 R2 Points
 Anatoly Karpov (Russia) 2735 1 0 ½ 1 ½ 0 1 1 5
 Viswanathan Anand (India) 2770 0 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 0 0 3

References

External links

  • Mark Weeks: Lausanne
  • Brasilbase
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