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Fair Haven, Vermont

 

Fair Haven, Vermont

Fair Haven, Vermont
Town
Main Street
Main Street
Located in Rutland County, Vermont
Located in Rutland County, Vermont
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Vermont
County Rutland
Chartered 1779
Area
 • Total 18.1 sq mi (47.0 km2)
 • Land 17.6 sq mi (45.7 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,734
 • Density 150/sq mi (58/km2)
 • Households 1,135
 • Families 738
ZIP code 05743
Website www.fairhavenvt.org

Fair Haven is a town in Rutland County, Vermont, United States. The population was 2,734 at the 2010 census.[1] Within the town is located the census-designated place of Fair Haven. The town is noted for its late 19th century residential and commercial architecture.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Geography 3
  • Transportation 4
  • Neighboring cities and towns 5
  • Sites of interest 6
  • Notable people 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • Further reading 10
  • External links 11

History

It was chartered on October 27, 1779, to Ebenezer Allen and 76 associates, and first settled the same year. The township originally included mill town, which by 1859 included a marble mill, rolling mill, nail factory, papermill producing wall paper, three sawmills, a wagon shop, a machine shop, two blacksmith shops, and two shoe shops. [4]

The quarrying and manufacture of slate began in 1846. Fair Haven would develop extensive quarries for the stone, believed at the time to be inexhaustible, which was supplied to cities along the Atlantic coast and in the West. Some of it was made into the framed, book-sized writing slates that students of the time used.[4]

Demographics

As of the census[7] of 2010, there were 2,734 people and 1,135 households. The population density was 150 people per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.3% White (2,659 people), 0.3% Black or African American (9 people), 0.2% Native American (5 people), 0.4% Asian (12 people), <0.1% Pacific Islander (1 person), 0.5% from other races (14 people), and 1.2% from two or more races (34 people). Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% (36 people).

Of the 1,282 total housing units, 1,135 (88.5%) of the houses were occupied and 147 (11.5%) were vacant. Of the occupied housing units, 755 (66.5%) were occupied by the owners (1,928 people) and 380 (33.5%) were rented (806 people). Of the 147 vacant housing units, 19 (12.9%) were for sale and 78 (53.1%) were for rent. The average number people per household was 2.41.

In the town the population was spread out with 1,320 (48.3%) males and 1,414 (51.7%) females. Out of the total population, there were 598 people under the age of 18 (21.9%), 193 (7.1%) between the ages 20–24, 265 (9.7%) within the ages of 25-34, 558 (20.41%) people who are between 35-49, 615 (22.5%) people are 50-64, and 425 (15.5%) people who are 65 and older.

As of 2000 Census, the median income for a household in the town was $34,313, and the median income for a family was $36,587. Males had a median income of $29,760 versus $21,406 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,912. About 11.4% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.3% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 18.1 square miles (47 km2), of which 17.6 square miles (46 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2), or 2.70%, is water. Fair Haven is drained by the Poultney River and Castleton River.

To the north, Fair Haven is bordered by Benson. Castleton borders Fair Haven to the east. To the west, Fair Haven is bordered by West Haven, Vermont. Hampton, New York, borders Fair Haven to the south and to the west. In the southeast, Poultney borders Fair Haven.

Transportation

The town is crossed by a freeway segment of U.S. Route 4, from which three interchanges serve the town. Vermont Route 4A and Vermont Route 22A also pass through Fair Haven as they overlap each other for less than a half mile just south of the town center.

Neighboring cities and towns

Sites of interest

Fair Haven has a large town green, a fountain in the center of the green, and a gazebo at the south end of the green.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Fair Haven town, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  2. ^ The Historic Architecture of Rutland County, Vermont State Register of Historic Places, pg. 121-140
  3. ^ Esther Munroe Swift, Vermont Place Names. pgs. 394-395
  4. ^ a b Boston, Massachusetts 1859A History and Description of New England;Austin J. Coolidge & John B. Mansfield,
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2015. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder".  

Further reading

  • Leonard & Phelps, printers; Fair Haven, Vermont 1870A History of the Town of Fair Haven, Vermont;Andrew N. Adams,

External links

  • Town of Fair Haven official website
  • Fair Haven Public Library
  • Fair Haven Grade School
  • Bomoseen State Park
  • Fair Haven Area Chamber of Commerce
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