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Title: Farmakonisi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Dodecanese, Aegean Sea, Armathia, Pserimos, List of Aegean Islands
Collection: Dodecanese, Islands of Greece, Islands of the South Aegean, Landforms of Kalymnos (Regional Unit)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Farmakonisi is located in Greece
Country Greece
Administrative region South Aegean
Regional unit Kalymnos
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 10
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 854 00
Area code(s) 22470

Farmakonisi (Greek: Άγιος Γεώργιος) and the nearby ruins of an ancient Roman temple.

Farmakonisi is 1.48 square miles (3.8 km2) large.


  • Name 1
  • History 2
  • Administration 3
  • Flora 4
  • References 5
  • Sources 6
  • External links 7


In ancient times, the island was known as Pharmacusa or Pharmakousa and took its name from pharmaceutical herbs that were growing on it. Alternative names for it are Pharmakos, while it is known as Farmaco in Italian and as Bulamaç in Turkish.[2]


Front, left to right: Arkoi, Leipsoi, Leros. Back, left to right: Agathonisi, Farmakonisi and the Turkey coastline.

In ancient times, Hippocrates used to visit Farmakonisi to gather pharmaceutical herbs. Plutarch in his Parallel Lives tells that the young Julius Caesar, while traveling to Asia Minor, was kidnapped by pirates and held prisoner there 38 days. During his imprisonment he promised to them that if he were freed, he would have all of them killed. After having paid a ransom twice as high as his kidnappers claimed (since he said that the required amount was too low for someone like himself) and having been freed, he organized a fleet and maintained his promise, crucifying all of them.

Farmakonisi, in South Aegean

In modern times, the islet -dependent from Leros- was occupied in 1912 by the Kingdom of Italy during the Italo-turkish war and, after being part of the Italian Islands of the Aegean,[3] was ceded from Italy to Greece in 1947.


In 2011, as part of the Kallikratis Plan, the island is part of the municipality of Leros.


Farmakonisi was notable since the ancient times for its very rich flora with several species of herbs growing on the island's surface. The flora is dominated by cedar, while cereals were growing in the small plateau of the island in past times.


  1. ^ "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ Bertarelli (1929) p. 157


  • Bertarelli, L.V. (1929). Guida d'Italia, Vol. XVII (in Italian). Milano: Consociazione Turistica Italiana. 

External links

  • Official website of Municipality of Leros (English) (Greek) (Italian)
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