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Fethi Okyar

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Fethi Okyar

Ali Fethi Okyar
Prime Minister of Turkey
In office
22 November 1924 – 3 March 1925
President Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Preceded by İsmet İnönü
Succeeded by İsmet İnönü
In office
14 August 1923 – 23 October 1923
Preceded by Rauf Orbay
Succeeded by İsmet İnönü
Speaker of the Parliament of Turkey
In office
1 November 1923 – 22 November 1924
President Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Prime Minister İsmet İnönü
Preceded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Succeeded by Kâzım Özalp
Personal details
Born Ali Fethi
(1880-04-29)29 April 1880
Prilep, Manastir Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died 7 May 1943(1943-05-07) (aged 63)
Istanbul, Turkey
Political party Republican People's Party (1923–1930)
Liberal Republican Party (1930)
Republican People's Party (1930–1943)
Military service
Allegiance  Ottoman Empire
Service/branch  Ottoman Army
Years of service 1898–1914
Rank Lieutenant Colonel
Battles/wars Balkan Wars

Ali Fethi Okyar (29 April 1880 – 7 May 1943) was a Turkish diplomat and politician who also served as a military officer and diplomat during the last decade of the Ottoman Empire. He was also the second Prime Minister of Turkey (1924–1925) and the second Speaker of the Turkish Parliament after Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

Biography

He was born in the Ottoman town of Prilep in Manastir Vilayet (present-day Republic of Macedonia) to a Circassian family.[1] In 1913, he joined the Committee of Union and Progress (İttihat ve Terakki Cemiyeti) and was elected as the secretary general. In 1930, while serving as Turkey's Ambassador in Paris, he was asked by Atatürk, during a meeting in Yalova, to establish the Serbest Cumhuriyet Fırkası (Liberal Republican Party), an early party of opposition, in order to establish the tradition of multi-party democracy in Turkey. However, when the government noticed the support of this opposition party among Islamists, it was declared illegal and closed down, a situation similar to that of the Progressive Republican Party, which had lasted for a few months in 1924. He later served as Justice Minister from 1939 to 1941.

References

  1. ^ http://books.google.com.tr/books/about/T%C3%BCrkiye_Kurtulu%C5%9F_Sava%C5%9F%C4%B1_nda_%C3%87erkes.html?id=toJpAAAAMAAJ&redir_esc=y
Atatürk and Okyar, August 1930
Political offices
Preceded by
Rauf Orbay
Prime Minister of Turkey
14 August 1923 – 23 October 1923
Succeeded by
İsmet İnönü
Preceded by
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Speaker of the Parliament of Turkey
1 November 1923 – 22 November 1924
Succeeded by
Kâzım Özalp
Preceded by
İsmet İnönü
Prime Minister of Turkey
22 November 1924 – 3 March 1925
Succeeded by
İsmet İnönü
Preceded by
Kâzım Özalp
Minister of National Defence
22 November 1924 – 3 March 1925
Succeeded by
Recep Peker
Preceded by
Tevfik Fikret Sılay
Minister of Justice
27 May 1939 – 13 March 1941
Succeeded by
Hasan Menemencioğlu
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