World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Firidun bey Kocharli

Firidun bey Kocharli

Firidun bey Ahmad bey oglu Kocharli or Kocharlinski (Azerbaijani: Firidun bəy Köçərli[1]; Russian: Фиридун-бек Кочарлинский or Кочарли) (26 January 1863, Shusha – 1920, Ganja) was a prominent Azerbaijani writer, philologist and literary critic.


Kocharli was born in 1863 in Gori. Upon receiving his diploma in 1885, he started teaching Azeri and religion at a Russian-Muslim school in Erivan.[2] In 1895 he was invited back to Gori to teach in his alma mater.[3]

He was one of the first Azeri literati to raise questions about standards for the written Azeri language. In 1895 he wrote his first article Tatar Comedies ("Tatar" was a common Russian name for Azeris before 1920), followed by Essays on Our Literature (1904). In 1903 he published his first academic work entitled Literature of the Azerbaijani Tatars, a critical piece that contains information on 130 Azeri writers and poets. In the following years he published some smaller works like Mirza Fatali Akhundov (1911) and Gift to Children (1912). Kocharli also translated works of European, mostly Russian authors into Azeri. His major academic work is Topics on the History of Azerbaijani Literature, which was published only in 1925, five years following his death. It was one of the first successful attempts to compile scientific data on the history and development of Azerbaijani literature.[3] Yusif Vazir Chamanzaminli, who greatly admired Kocharli, had published [4] in Istanbul in 1921. A copy of this book is in the Azerbaijan Republic State History Archives in Baku.

In 1917–1918 he was member of the Azerbaijani National Council. In 1918–1920 Kocharli was elected to the Parliament of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.

In spring 1920, during the Soviet invasion of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (1918-1920), Armenian dashnaks (members of the chauvinist Armenian party "Dashnaksutiun") pretending to be Bolsheviks, arrested Kocharli, who had no guilt, and took him to Ganja. After two days when special envoys were sent from Baku to Ganja to release Kocharli, it was late. Dashnaks had already killed him without holding a trial. At the time of his death, Kocharli was the Principal of the Gazakh Teachers Seminary that was founded in 1918 at his request.[2]

He was married to Badisabah Kocharli, née Vakilova, a Gazakh-native teacher who later worked in Baku, Zagatala and Shaki.[3]


In the Soviet era, Kocharli's works remained largely unknown due to his political affiliation with the anti-Communist Musavat Party. It was not until 1957 when Bakir Nabiyev, a graduate student in the Azerbaijan State University, started researching the heritage of Kocharli accessing archives and interviewing some of his surviving colleagues and students. In 1960 Nabiyev published the first monograph dedicated to the contributions of Kocharli into scientific literature.[3]


  1. ^ Azerbaijani Soviet Encyclopedia, Volume V, p.554
  2. ^ a b (Azerbaijani) Literaty Criticism by Shams Rufullayeva
  3. ^ a b c d (Russian) Firidun bey Kocharli: National Teacher and Outstanding Philologist by Galina Mikeladze. Azerbaijanskie Izvestia
  4. ^ Yusif Bey Vazirov (Chamanzaminli), A Glimpse of Azerbaijan Literature (Istanbul: Istanbul Publishing House 1337 (1921), 103 pages. Azerbaijani language in Arabic script.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.