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Flag of Bangladesh

 

Flag of Bangladesh

Bangladesh
Name The Red & Green (Bengali: লাল-সবুজ)
Use National flag Normal or de jure version of flag, or obverse side
Proportion 3:5
Adopted 17 January 1972
Design A red disc on a green field.
Civil Ensign of Bangladesh
Use Civil ensign Civil ensign
Design A Red Ensign with the national flag of Bangladesh in the canton.
Naval Ensign of Bangladesh
Use Naval ensign
Design A White Ensign with the national flag of Bangladesh in the canton.
Flag used during Liberation War (1971)
Use Former flag Design used in the past, but now abandoned
Adopted 6 March 1971
Design A red disc with a yellow outline of Bangladesh on a green field.

The national flag of Bangladesh (Bengali: বাংলাদেশের জাতীয় পতাকা pronounced: ) was adopted officially on 17 January 1972. It consists of a red disc on top of a green field, offset slightly toward the hoist so that it appears centred when the flag is flying. The red disc represents the sun rising over Bengal, and also the blood of those who died for the independence of Bangladesh. The green field stands for the lushness of the land of Bangladesh. The flag is based on a similar flag used during the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, which had a yellow map of the country inside the red disc. In 1972 this map was deleted from the flag. One reason given was the difficulty for rendering the map correctly on both sides of the flag.[1]

The civil ensign and naval ensign place the national flag in the canton of a red or white field, respectively.

Contents

  • Origin 1
  • Design 2
  • Protocol 3
    • Official residences 3.1
    • Motor vehicles and vessels 3.2
    • Display 3.3
    • Half-mast 3.4
  • World record 4
  • See also 5
  • Similar Flags 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Origin

The first version of the flag was designed and made by a section of student leaders and activists of Shawdhin Bangla Nucleus on June 6, 1970, at room 108 of Iqbal Hall (now Sergeant Zahurul Haq hall), Dhaka University; students involved with the design were namely Kazi Aref Ahmed, ASM Abdur Rab, Shahjahan Siraj, Manirul Islam (Marshal Moni), Swapan Kumar Choudhury, Quamrul Alam Khan (Khasru), Hasanul Haq Inu, Yousuf Salahuddin Ahmed and few others. The flag was made from clothes donated by Bazlur Rahman Lasker, the owner of Apollo Tailors, Dhaka New Market.[2] A map of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) was first traced on a tracing paper from Atlas by Hasanul Haq Inu, Yousuf Salahuddin Ahmed and Enamul Haq, at Enamul's room (312) in Quaid-I Azam Hall (now Titumir Hall), EPUET.[3][4] Later the map was painted in the red circle by Shib Narayan Das.[5] On March 2, 1971, this initial version of the flag was hoisted in Bangladesh for the first time at Dhaka University, by student leader A. S. M. Abdur Rab, the then Vice President of Dhaka University Students' Union (DUCSU)[6] The flag was conceived so as to exclude the crescent and the star considered as symbols of West Pakistan. According to CIA World Fact Book,[1][7] the green used in the flag represent the lushness of the green landscape of the country.[8]

Design

Construction guide for Flag of Bangladesh
Color Reference
Color model Green Red
Procion (official specification) Brilliant Green H-2RS 50 parts per 1000 Brilliant Orange H-2RS 60 parts per 1000
Pantone[9] 342c 485
CMYK[10] 100-0-70-40 0-100-80-5
RGB (Hex) #01796F #E11837
Decimals 1,121,111 225,24,55

According to Bangladeshi government specifications,[11] following is the specification of the national flag:

  • The flag will be in bottle green and rectangular in size in the proportion of 10:6, with a red circle in near middle.
  • The red circle will have a radius of one-fifth of the length of the flag. Its centre will be placed on the intersecting point of the perpendicular drawn from the nine-twentieth part of the length of the flag, and the horizontal line drawn through the middle of its width.
  • The green base of the flag will be of Procion Brilliant Green H-2RS 50 parts per 1000. The red circular part will be of Procion Brilliant Orange H-2RS 60 parts per 1000.
  • Depending on the size of the building the flag sizes will be 10 ft × 6 ft (3.0 m × 1.8 m); 5 ft × 3 ft (1.52 m × 0.91 m); 2.5 ft × 1.5 ft (760 mm × 460 mm). The size of the flag for car is 12.5 in × 7.5 in (320 mm × 190 mm), and the size of the table flag for bilateral conferences is 10 in × 6 in (250 mm × 150 mm).

Protocol

Dhaka University campus, where the flag was raised for the first time in 1971

The national flag of Bangladesh is flown on all working days on important government buildings and offices, e.g., the president house, legislative assembly buildings, etc. All ministries and the secretariat buildings of Bangladesh, offices of the high court, courts of district and session judges, offices of the commissioners of divisions, deputy commissioner/collectors, chairman, upazila parishad, central and district jails, police stations, primary, secondary and higher secondary level educational institutions and other buildings notified by the government from time to time. Ministers of state and persons accorded the status of a minister of state, deputy ministers and persons accorded the status of a deputy minister while on tour outside the capital within the country or abroad are entitled to fly the flag on their motor vehicles and vessels.[11]

Official residences

The following persons must fly the flag on their official residence:[11]

  • The President of Bangladesh
  • The Prime Minister of Bangladesh
  • The Speaker of the Parliament
  • The Chief of Justice of Bangladesh
  • All Cabinet Ministers
  • Chief Whip
  • Deputy Speaker of the Parliament
  • The leader of the Opposition in Parliament
  • Ministers of States
  • Deputy Ministers
  • Heads of Bangladeshi Diplomatic or Consular Missions in foreign countries
  • Chairmen of Chittagong hill tracts (district offices of Rangamati, Khagrachari and Bandarban)

Motor vehicles and vessels

The following persons are entitled to fly the flag on their motor vehicles and vessels:[11]

  • The President of Bangladesh
  • The Prime Minister of Bangladesh
  • The Speaker of the Parliament
  • The Chief of Justice of Bangladesh
  • All Cabinet Ministers
  • Chief Whip
  • Deputy Speaker of the Parliament
  • The leader of the Opposition in Parliament
  • Heads of Bangladeshi Diplomatic or Consular Missions in foreign countries

Display

Children holding the flag of Bangladesh.

The national flag of Bangladesh is flown on public and private buildings throughout Bangladesh and the office premises of Bangladeshi diplomatic missions and consular posts on the following days and occasions:[11]

Half-mast

The national flag of Bangladesh is flown at half-mast on the following days:[11]

Following days are notified by the government:

World record

On 16 December 2013, the 42nd Victory Day of Bangladesh, 27,117 Bangladeshi people gathered in the National Parade Ground in Dhaka’s Sher-e-Bangla Nagar and created a "human flag" which was recorded in Guinness World Records as the world’s largest human national flag. The participants take 6 minutes and 16 seconds standby to hold the placards over their head.[12][13][14]

See also

Similar Flags

An "Ashkali flag" (Matica Aškalija, Amëza e Ashkalive) was designed in 1999 by Abedin Toplica.[15]

References

  1. ^ a b Flag of Bangladesh, Flags of the World.
  2. ^ http://www.prothom-alo.com/pachmisheli/article/98845/আমাদের_জাতীয়_পতাকা
  3. ^ 'সাক্ষাত্কার-ইউসুফ সালাহউদ্দিন আহমেদ', [1], ২০১৪
  4. ^ 'সাক্ষাত্কার-ইউসুফ সালাহউদ্দিন আহমেদ', [2], ২০১৪
  5. ^ 'আমাদের জাতীয় পতাকার ইতিহাস', আমাদের সময়, ডিসেম্বর ৩, ২০০৯
  6. ^ Glassie, Henry and Mahmud, Feroz. 2008. Living Traditions. Cultural Survey of Bangladesh Series-II. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Dhaka. p.580
  7. ^ "Lonely Planet: Bangladesh", 4th Edition, Lonely Planet Publications, (December 2000), ISBN 0-86442-667-4.
  8. ^
  9. ^ Flags of the World. Rob Raeside. Colours of the Flag [Retrieved February 16, 2014].
  10. ^ Find a PANTONE color. Pantone LLC. Pantone Color Picker [Retrieved February 16, 2014].
  11. ^ a b c d e f PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH FLAG RULES, 1972 (Revised up to 2005), Government of Bangladesh, Cabinet Division
  12. ^ http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2014/01/04/bangladeshs-human-flag-in-guinness-world-records
  13. ^ http://www.banglamail24.com/english/index.php?view=details&news_type_id=1&menu_id=3&news_id=13262
  14. ^ http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2013/12/16/world-largest-human-flag
  15. ^ Abedin Toplica: "Flamuri Kombëtar i Ashkalive / Zastava Aškalija / The National Flag", Ashkali Horizonti, nr. 2, 2003 www.ashkali.org.yu "The flag is red with a black rising eagle in front of a green disk. The red and black color are similar to the Albanian flag. The green disk represent[s] Islam"

External links

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