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Flag of Jersey

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Title: Flag of Jersey  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Jersey, Flags of Europe, Outline of Jersey, Culture of Jersey, Saint Patrick's Saltire
Collection: 1981 Introductions, Jersey, National Flags, Saltire Flags
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Flag of Jersey

Jersey
Use Civil and state flag
Proportion 3:5[1]
Adopted April 7, 1981
Design Red saltire on a white field, surmounted by a yellow Plantagenet crown, and the badge of Jersey.
The Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Jersey
Flag of Jersey before 1981. Flag ratio: 3:5
Civil Ensign since 2010
Government Ensign since 1907[2]

The flag of Jersey is composed of a red saltire on a white field. In the upper quadrant the badge of Jersey surmounted by a yellow "Plantagenet crown". The flag was adopted by the States of Jersey on June 12, 1979, proclaimed by Queen Elizabeth on December 10, 1980, and first officially hoisted on April 7, 1981.[1]

Contents

  • Status and protocol 1
  • History 2
    • Plain saltire 2.1
    • Addition of the badge 2.2
  • Ensigns 3
  • References 4

Status and protocol

The flag of Jersey has been decreed by the Sovereign for use in the Bailiwick of Jersey as the Island's flag. The Union flag may also be flown, but precedence should be given to the flag of Jersey. The Bailiff of Jersey requests the flying of the flag of Jersey on government buildings on a list of official flag days when flags are flown from the seat of the judiciary and legislature; individuals are encouraged, but not obliged, to observe official flag days also.[3]

The pre-1981 flag of Jersey continues to be used as part of the re-enactment ceremonies of Liberation Day on 9 May.

History

The current flag is the first to be adopted officially. Unofficially, a plain red saltire had been used since at least the 1830s.[4] The official flag adds the badge and crown to this.

Plain saltire

The origins of the association to Jersey of the red saltire are unknown.

A 1906 letter by the

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Jersey".  
  2. ^ Actes et correspondance au sujet de l'emploi par le vapeur "Duke of Normandy" de pavillons distinctifs, Jersey 1907
  3. ^ "Flag flying - dates and information". Jersey Government. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  4. ^ a b Rybot, N. V. L. (1951). "The So-Called Jersey Flag". The Mariner’s Mirror (London: Society for Nautical Research): 82–84. 
  5. ^ [2] Archived June 12, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b "Event marks flag's 30th anniversary". Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Jersey flag". Jersey Evening Post (This Is Jersey). 2004. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  8. ^ "Proposal for a Jersey Red Ensign". States of Jersey. 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "Jersey boats may fly own ensign". BBC News Online. 2010-04-09. Retrieved 9 April 2010. 
  10. ^ "States decide on a new red ensign for Jersey boats". BBC Jersey. 23 June 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 

References

A government Blue Ensign, with the badge without the crown in the fly, was given a general warrant in 1997, having originally been issued in 1907 specifically for the government-owned tugboat Duke of Normandy.[1]

A civil ensign for use by Jersey registered merchant ships was approved in 2010, after a consultation process.[8] The flag, which is the British Red Ensign with the badge and crown in the fly, was approved by Queen Elizabeth II,[9] and subsequently by the States of Jersey in June 2010.[10]

Ensigns

Others, though, wanted to keep the traditional red saltire that had been used since time immemorial.[7] A third influential body of opinion campaigned for the adoption of a banner of the three leopards (leopard being the heraldic term for a lion passant guardant), the island's heraldic device. The current flag can therefore be seen as a compromise between the various strands of opinion. Although the flag is flown in Jersey, the three leopards are much more widely used as a national symbol by the authorities and civil population alike.

The move to a new flag was begun in 1977 with Queen Elizabeth's Silver Jubilee.[6] It was felt by many in Jersey that the flag was insufficiently distinctive to represent the island,[6] that there was too much confusion with the cross of St. Patrick as an Irish symbol, and that the red saltire had been taken as one of the international maritime signal flags.

Addition of the badge

The use of the red saltire became more common during the Flag of Nazi Germany.

Links to the St Patrick's Cross have been proposed. The St Patrick's Cross is commonly identified with the arms of the FitzGeralds, a Cambro-Norman family which became powerful in Ireland, and who also owned land in Jersey. N. V. L. Rybot in 1951 suggested that Jersey's flag originated from a mistake in a 1783 flag book by Carington Bowles, which was copied by later authors. Rybot's theory is that Bowles misinterpreted Ierse (Dutch for "Irish") as meaning "Jersey" in a Dutch flag-book he used as a source.[4] However, French Admiralty charts show that Jersey was using the red saltire before 1783.[5]

[1]

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