Florida state legislature

Florida Legislature
Type
Type Bicameral
Houses Senate
House of Representatives
Leadership
President of the Senate Don Gaetz, Republican
Since November 20, 2012
Speaker of the House Will Weatherford,
Republican
Since November 20, 2012
Structure
Seats 160
Senate Political groups Democratic Party: 12
Republican Party: 28
House Political groups Democratic Party: 46
Republican Party: 74
Authority Article III, Florida Constitution
Elections
Senate Last election November 6, 2012
House Last election November 6, 2012
Senate Next election November 8, 2014
House Next election November 8, 2014
Motto
In God We Trust
Meeting place
Florida Capitol, Tallahassee
Website
www.leg.state.fl.us/

The Florida Legislature is the two houses that act as the state legislature of the U.S. state of Florida. The Florida Constitution states that "The legislative power of the state shall be vested in a legislature of the State of Florida," composed of a Senate and House of Representatives.[1] The legislature is seated at the Florida State Capitol in Tallahassee.

Composed of 160 state legislators term-limited to eight years, the state legislature meets beginning in March for a period not to exceed 60 calendar days. Special sessions are called as needed.

Powers and process

The Florida Legislature is authorized by the Florida Constitution to create and amend the laws of the U.S. state of Florida, subject to the governor's power to veto legislation. To do so, legislators propose legislation in the forms of bills drafted by a nonpartisan, professional staff.[2] Successful legislation must undergo committee review, three readings on the floor of each house, with appropriate voting majorities, as required, and either be signed into law by the governor or enacted through a veto override approved by two-thirds of the membership of each legislative house.[2]

The Legislature also has the power to propose amendments to the Florida Constitution. The rules for the Florida Legislature are laid out within the Constitution of Florida, and is also prescribed the respective chambers when applicable. Florida has had a total of six different state constitutions, signed in 1838, 1861 (secession), 1865, 1868, 1885, and 1968 (the current Florida Constitution).

In 2009, legislators filed 2,138 bills for consideration. On average, the Legislature has passed about 300 bills into law annually.[3]

Earmarks that have not gone through the normal legislative process are known colloquially as "turkeys." In 2010, Florida TaxWatch, a government watchdog organization counted 41 "turkeys" totaling $61 million.[4]

Organization

Membership

The Florida Constitution mandates a bicameral state legislature with an upper house Florida Senate of no more than 40 members and a lower Florida House of Representatives of no more than 120 members.[1] A legislator of either house must be at least 21 years of age, a resident of the district in which he or she will serve, and a resident of Florida for at least two years before being qualified to run for election.

Due to term limits, state representatives may be elected for up to four terms (eight years), while state senators can be elected for up to two terms (eight years). Former members can be elected again after a two year break.

Both chambers have been under Republican control since 1996.

Leadership

The House is headed by the Speaker, while the Senate is headed by the President. The House Speaker and Senate President control the assignment of committees and leadership positions, along with control of the agenda in their chambers. The two leaders, along with the Governor of Florida, control most of the agenda of state business in Florida.

  • President of the Senate: Don Gaetz (R)
  • President pro tempore of the Senate: Garrett Richter (R)
  • Majority Leader of the Senate: Lizbeth Benacquisto (R)
  • Minority Leader of the Senate: Chris Smith (D)

Sessions

The Florida Legislature operates on a regular legislative session starting on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March [5] for a period not to exceed 60 calendar days. Special sessions are called as needed by the Governor.

Every ten years (1982, 1992, 2002, 2012, etc.), following the dicennial census, the Legislature provides, by law, for the 60-day regular session to begin early, typically in January.[6]

See also

Florida portal

References

External links

  • Florida Legislature

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