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Force 14

Force 14 is the aerial arm of the

  1. ^ a b c d e f Avidan, Dan (August 18, 1985), The Air Arm of the PLO,  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bechor, Guy (1995). PLO Lexicon (in Hebrew). Israeli Ministry of Defence. pp. 174, 175. 
  3. ^ Sayigh, Yezid (2000). Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993. Oxford University Press. pp. 295, 296, 354.  
  4. ^ Schiff, Ze'ev (March 9, 1972), Algeria Trains Palestinians in Flight School (in Hebrew),  
  5. ^ Sayigh, pp. 452, 453
  6. ^ a b c d e f g PLO buys DC-8s, says Israel,  
  7. ^ Luft, Gal (June 1999), The Palestinian Security Services: Between Police and Army,  
  8. ^ a b Lia, Brynjar (2006). A Police Force Without a State: A History of the Palestinian Security Forces in the West Bank And Gaza. Ithaca Press. p. 321.  
  9. ^ a b Shlein, Lior (December 1999), Colonel Tabbet, The Pilot Who Came from Syria (in Hebrew), Israeli Air Force Magazine 
  10. ^ Sayigh, pp. 761, 881
  11. ^ Sayigh, p. 588
  12. ^ Sayigh, p. 890

References

See also

Aircraft reportedly owned or operated by Force 14 since its formation:

Known inventory

  • Usama al-'Ali - first commander[10]
  • Colonel Husayn Uwayda[1][11]
  • Colonel Shukri Tabbet[9]
  • Brigadier Fayiz Zaydan[8][12]

Known commanders

The current state and activities of Force 14 are unknown, though it was reportedly still sending recruits on various training courses throughout the world in the mid 1990s.[2]

The signing of the Oslo Accords in September 1993 brought about the establishment of the Palestinian National Authority. With the opening of Gaza International Airport, the PNA established a 200-strong Aviation Police (Shurta al-Jawiya),[7] subordinate to the Palestinian Civil Aviation Department and based on Force 14 personnel. Consisting mainly of guards and security personnel, the unit initially also comprised crews responsible for maintaining and operating the authority's fleet of three Mil Mi-17 helicopters. These, however, were all destroyed by the Israeli Air Force on December 3, 2001, during the Al-Aqsa Intifada.[8][9]

Decline

Following Syria's break with the PLO and its expulsion from Lebanon in the wake of the 1982 Lebanon War, Force 14 relocated its headquarters and the bulk of its personnel to the Yemen Arab Republic, although it maintained a presence in various other Arab countries, including Algeria, Libya and Iraq. In November 1982 a Force 14 pilot crashed while flying a MiG-21 fighter in Yemen,[2] which at this time appears to have provided the force with all its fixed-wing training. Helicopter training was reportedly provided by Libya.[6] In 1985 The PLO was reported to have leased the Island of Kamaran from Yemeni authorities to serve as a base for Force 14.[2] Two years later the PLO was also reported to have acquired four McDonnell Douglas DC-8s, operating them from Yemen under the colours of the Red Crescent.[6]

Since its founding, Force 14 had been sending pilots and technicians to train with various Arab, Communist and Third World nations. These were absorbed by the air force of Syria, Algeria and Libya, as well as in various Warsaw Pact air arms.[1] 1972 saw Algeria accepting a group of 15-18 Palestinian cadets for fighter pilot training, destined to fly Syrian Air Force MiGs.[4] As the PLO developed working relations with various governments, its military means and capabilities grew. In August 1978, 32 pilots and 60 mechanics returned from various training courses, and a 150 were in training in the Eastern Bloc a year later. Fatah had also initiated a military assistance programme, and Force 14 became a useful instrument of Palestinian diplomacy. Its personnel were sent to assist Idi Amin's Ugandan Air Force in 1976 and delivered arms and supplies to the Sandinistas in Nicaragua after their victory. Force 14 also provided helicopter and fighters pilots for the Nicaraguan war against the Contras, as well as crews for Aeronica, a local airline.[5] The PLO may have also established several of its own small airlines to operate its cargo planes. These served as both a cover for PLO activities as well as the nucleus of a future Palestinian airline.[1]

Growth

Fatah's embryonic aerial unit was formed sometime in 1968/69 from a modest core of several dozen pilots and technicians trained in Palestinian Liberation Army's Yarmouk brigade and was stationed in Syria. In 1972, however, it was detached from the brigade and attached to the Fatah's general staff, the Central Operations Room.[3] It was at this point that it received the name "Force 14", after its extension number at Fatah headquarters.[2]

Formation

History

Contents

  • History 1
    • Formation 1.1
    • Growth 1.2
    • Decline 1.3
  • Known commanders 2
  • Known inventory 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

[2].Israel and its activities centered on cargo and transportation. It is not known to have participated in any operations against [1]

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