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Foreign relations of Oman

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Title: Foreign relations of Oman  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Politics of Oman, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Oman), Foreign relations of Oman, Oman–United Kingdom relations, Oman–Russia relations
Collection: Foreign Relations of Oman, Politics of Oman
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Foreign relations of Oman

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

When Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said assumed power in 1970, Oman had limited contacts with the outside world, including neighbouring Arab states. A special treaty relationship permitted the United Kingdom close involvement in Oman's civil and military affairs. Ties with the United Kingdom have remained very close under Sultan Qaboob along with strong ties to the United States.

Since 1970, Oman has pursued a moderate foreign policy and expanded its diplomatic relations dramatically. It supported the 1979 Camp David accords and was one of three Arab League states, along with Somalia and Sudan, which did not break relations with Egypt after the signing of the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty in 1979. During the Persian Gulf crisis, Oman assisted the United Nations coalition effort. Oman has developed close ties to its neighbors; it joined the six-member Gulf Cooperation Council when it was established in 1980.

Oman has traditionally supported Middle East peace initiatives, as it did those in 1983. In April 1994, Oman hosted the plenary meeting of the Water Working Group of the peace process, the first Persian Gulf state to do so.

During the GCC, and its foreign policy is overseen by the country's Ministry of Foreign Affairs.


  • International disputes 1
  • Bilateral relations 2
    • Brunei 2.1
    • Egypt 2.2
    • India 2.3
    • Kosovo 2.4
    • Malaysia 2.5
    • Pakistan 2.6
    • Russia 2.7
    • United Arab Emirates 2.8
    • United Kingdom 2.9
    • United States 2.10
  • External links 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

International disputes

The northern boundary with the United Arab Emirates has not been bilaterally defined; the northern section in the Musandam Peninsula is an administrative boundary.

Bilateral relations


Brunei has an embassy in Muscat, and Oman has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[1] Relations has been established since 24 March 1984 with both countries were now a former protectorates of European powers, such as the British for Brunei and the Portuguese for Oman, and both are now governed by an Islamic absolute monarchy.[1][2][3]


Oman was the only Arab state besides Hosni Mubarak's grandson.[4]


India–Oman relations are foreign relations between India and the Sultanate of Oman. India has an embassy in Muscat, Oman. The Indian consulate was opened in Muscat in February 1955 and five years later it was upgraded to a Consulate General and later developed into a full fledged Embassy in 1971. The first Ambassador of India arrived in Muscat in 1973. Oman established its Embassy in New Delhi in 1972 and a Consulate General in Mumbai in 1976.


On 4 February 2011, Oman recognized the Republic of Kosovo as independent and sovereign country.[5] On 20 September 2011, the recognition was reconfirmed following a meeting between government leaders of Kosovo and Oman.[6]


Malaysia and Oman established diplomatic relations in 1983. Since that, bilateral trade between Malaysia and Oman stood at nearly RM500 million during January–October 2010, with Malaysia's main exports to Oman being edible oil, machinery, appliances and parts, wood products, electrical and electronic products.


The relationship between Islamabad and Muscat is warm, because it is the nearest Arab country to Pakistan and the fact that some 30% of Omani's are of Balochi origin from Pakistan's Balochistan province, having settled in Oman over a hundred years ago. In 1958 Gwadar was part of Oman but was transferred to Pakistan in that year.


Russia has an embassy in Muscat. Oman is represented in Russia through its embassy in Moscow. Both Oman and Russia had established diplomatic relations of February 5, 1986 and still maintain mostly friendly relations.

United Arab Emirates

In December 2010, Oman discovered a spy network operated by the United Arab Emirates which collected information on Oman's military and government. They were reportedly interested in who would replace Qaboos as his heir and about Oman's relations with Iran.[7][8] Kuwait mediated in the dispute.[9]

United Kingdom

Relations between the United Kingdom and Oman are strong and strategic.[10] In April 2010 the government of Oman stated that it wanted to buy Eurofighter Typhoons from the UK.[10] The United Kingdom has an embassy in Mina al Fahal[11] and Oman has an embassy in London.[12]

The Dhofar Rebellion was launched in the province of Dhofar against the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman and United Kingdom from 1962 to 1975. It ended with intervention of Iranian Imperial Forces and defeat of the rebels, but the state of Oman had to be radically reformed and modernized to cope with the campaign.

Queen Elizabeth II visited Oman in November 2010 to commemorate Oman's 40th National Day and take part in the tremendous celebrations in the Country. This was her second visit to the Sultanate (first being in 1979). She surely witnessed an improved Oman since the last time she visited the country as the Sultanate was ranked the most improved nation in the past 40 years (1970-2010) by the UNDP just a few weeks prior to her visit.

United States

In 1974 and April 1983, Sultan Bill Clinton visited briefly in March 2000. Vice President Dick Cheney visited Oman in 2002, 2005, 2006, and 2008. In March 2005, the U.S. and Oman launched negotiations on a Free Trade Agreement that were successfully concluded in October 2005. The FTA was signed on January 19, 2006, and is pending implementation.

External links

  • Omani Ministry of Foreign Affairs

See also


  1. ^ a b "Brunei-Oman Relations".  
  2. ^ "BRUNEI AND OMAN: STRENGTHENING BILATERAL RELATIONS". Asia Economic Institute. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  3. ^ Oxford Business Group (2009). The Report: Brunei Darussalam 2009. Oxford Business Group. pp. 36–.  
  4. ^
  5. ^ Republic of Kosovo Established Diplomatic Relations with Sultanate of Oman, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2011-02-04
  6. ^ Recognition from the Sultanate of Oman is reconfirmed, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2011-10-20
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ a b BBC News - 'Oman 'wants to buy' Eurofighter planes from the UK '
  11. ^ UK in Oman
  12. ^ Oman Embassy in the UK

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.

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