World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

German Haitian

Article Id: WHEBN0041796283
Reproduction Date:

Title: German Haitian  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: German diaspora by country, Italian Haitian, Lebanese Haitian, Germans, Transylvanian Landler
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

German Haitian

German Haitians are Haitian of German descent or a German with Haitian citizenship.

History

The earliest known German settlement in Saint-Domingue was in Bombardopolis, south of the Môle-Saint-Nicolas. About a thousand Germans came to Bombardopolis in the eighteenth century and managed to make a living with growing coffee. They received Haitian citizenship from Jean-Jacques Dessalines after 1804, and gradually mixed with the rest of the population. Henri Christophe had German military engineers designed the Citadelle Laferrière and supervised its construction.[1]

In 1910, Haitian Germans controlled 80% of Haiti’s International Commerce. Though German Haitians only numbered about 200, they wielded a disproportionate amount of economic power. For example, they owned and operated utilities in Port-au-Prince and Cap-Haïtien but also controlled the Port-au-Prince main wharf. These Germans competed with the French merchants over the customs receipts that represented Haiti’s flagrant debts to European creditors as well as control over Haiti’s vulnerable National Bank.[2]

When the US declared war on Germany in 1917, the Haitian government protested against the heavy German submarine activity in the area. Haiti expelled Germans from the country and Germany severed diplomatic ties with Haiti. This gave Haitians the excuse to officially declare war on July 14, 1918. German property was confiscated by the Haitian government and placed in liquidation. In 1918, Germans return to the island after the war, and resumed their old business, and re-acquired their possessions.[2]

Notable German Haitians

  • Klaus Eberwein, businessman
  • Werner Jaegerhuber, famous composer
  • Bracha Krueger, model
  • Joe Gaetjens, soccer player for the United States national team in the 1950 FIFA World Cup
  • Gregory Mevs, businessman
  • Rolf Sambale, graphic designer and decorator
  • Cornelia Schutt, known by her stage-name TiCorn is a folk singer and songwriter notable for her song Haiti Cherie in the 1960s.
  • Monique Snyder, author
  • Hans Tippenhaueur, businessman
  • Ricardo Widmaier, pioneer of radio and cinema in Haiti
  • Herby Widmaier, famous Haitian jazz singer

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b
  • Titus, Rubens F. (Rene Preval Haiti Archives Online)
  • Northeastern University Thesis Archive (An Article Entitled: Haiti Net Foreign Relations)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.