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German federal election, 2002

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Title: German federal election, 2002  
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German federal election, 2002

German federal election, 2002

22 September 2002 (2002-09-22)

All 603 seats in the Bundestag
302 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout 79.1% (voting eligible)[1]
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Gerhard Schröder Edmund Stoiber Joschka Fischer
Party SPD CDU/CSU Green
Leader since 1999 1999 (CSU only)
Last election 298 245 47
Seats won 251 248 55
Seat change 47 3 8
Popular vote 18,488,668 18,482,641 4,110,355
Percentage 38.5% 38.5% 8.6%
Swing 2.4% 3.3% 1.9%

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
Leader Guido Westerwelle Gabi Zimmer
Party FDP PDS
Leader since 2001 2000
Last election 43 36
Seats won 47 2
Seat change 4 34
Popular vote 3,538,815 1,916,702
Percentage 7.4% 4.0%
Swing 1.1% 1.1%

Party list election results by state: pink denotes states where the SPD had the plurality of votes; dark blue denotes states where CSU had the absolute majority of the votes; and lighter blue denotes states where CDU had the plurality of votes

Chancellor before election

Gerhard Schröder
SPD

Elected Chancellor

Gerhard Schröder
SPD

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Germany
Foreign relations

German federal elections took place on 22 September 2002, to elect members to the 15th Bundestag (lower house) of Germany.

Contents

  • Issues and campaign 1
  • Results 2
  • Post-election 3
  • Further reading 4
  • References 5
  • Sources 6

Issues and campaign

Several issues dominated the campaign, with the opposition CDU/CSU attacking the government's performance on the economy which fell back into recession due to the Telecoms crash and the introduction of the euro. As well as campaigning on family values issues and against taxes (particularly on fuel). The government, on the other hand, was helped by broad support for its opposition to the Iraq War, continued media attention on the CDU funding scandal and by Gerhard Schröder's personal popularity relative to the opposition's candidate for Chancellor, CSU leader Edmund Stoiber.

Early in the campaign, Guido Westerwelle, leader of the Free Democrats, declared himself a "Chancellor Candidate," usually a title reserved for the main election leaders of the SPD and CDU/CSU. This was met with general derision.

Results

Although the opposition gained seats, and the result was in doubt for most of the election night, the governing coalition retained a narrow majority. In particular, the SPD was able to partially offset declines in their vote share in the West with an increase in the East, with the PDS falling below both the 5% threshold and the 3-seat threshold, either of which is required to qualify a party for top-up seats. Consequently the PDS held only two directly-elected seats.

 Summary of the 22 September 2002 German Bundestag election results
Parties Constituency Party list Total seats
Votes % +/− Seats +/− Votes % +/− Seats +/− Seats +/− %
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 20,059,967 41.9 −1.9 171 −41 18,488,668 38.5 −2.4 80 −6 251 −47 41.6
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 15,336,512 32.1 −0.1 82 +8 14,167,561 29.5 +1.1 108 −16 190 −8 31.5
Christian Social Union (CSU) 4,311,178 9.0 +1.7 43 +5 4,315,080 9.0 +2.2 15 +6 58 +11 9.6
Alliance '90/The Greens 2,693,794 5.6 +0.6 1 +1 4,110,355 8.6 +1.9 54 +7 55 +8 9.1
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 2,752,796 5.8 +2.8 0 ±0 3,538,815 7.4 +1.1 47 +4 47 +4 7.8
Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) 2,079,203 4.3 −0.6 2 −2 1,916,702 4.0 −1.1 0 −32 2 −34 0.3
Party for a Rule of Law Offensive (Schill party) 120,330 0.3 +0.3 0 ±0 400,476 0.8 +0.8 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
The Republicans (REP) 55,947 0.1 −0.5 0 ±0 280,671 0.6 −1.2 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
National Democratic Party (NPD) 103,209 0.2 +0.1 0 ±0 215,232 0.4 +0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Animal Protection Party 8,858 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 159,655 0.3 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
The Grays – Gray Panthers (GRAUE) 75,490 0.2 −0.1 0 ±0 114,224 0.2 −0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Party of Bible-abiding Christians (PBC) 71,106 0.1 ±0 0 ±0 101,645 0.2 +0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Ecological Democratic Party (ödp) 56,593 0.1 −0.2 0 ±0 56,898 0.1 −0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Feminist Party (DIE FRAUEN) 2,264 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 36,832 0.1 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Family Party (FAMILIE) 15,138 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 30,045 0.1 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Solidarity (BüSo) 22,531 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 16,958 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Christian Centre (CM) 2,413 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 15,440 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Bavaria Party (BP) 6,757 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 9,379 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Party for Pension Justice and Family (PRG) 4,363 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 7,499 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Departure for Civil Rights, Freedom and Health (AUFBRUCH) 2,895 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 4,697 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Centre Party (Zentrum) 1,823 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 3,127 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Humanist Party (HP) 1,385 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 2,485 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
The Violets (Violetten) 840 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 2,412 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Communist Party (KPD) 686 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 1,624 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
German Social Union (DSU) 6,003 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
German Communist Party (DKP) 3,953 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Freedom Party (FP Deutschlands) 2,003 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Alliance for Germany (Deutschland) 571 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Electoral groups and independents 43,116 0.1 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Invalid/blank votes 741,037 586,281
Totals 48,582,761 100 ±0.0 299 –29 48,582,761 100 ±0.0 304 –37 603 –66 100
Registered voters/turnout 61,432,868 79.1 61,432,868 79.1
Source: Federal Returning Officer
Seat results – SPD in red, Greens in green, PDS in purple, FDP in yellow, CDU/CSU in black
251 248 55 47 2
SPD CDU/CSU Grüne FDP PDS
Popular Vote
SPD
  
38.52%
CDU/CSU
  
38.51%
B'90/GRÜNE
  
8.56%
FDP
  
7.37%
PDS
  
3.99%
Other
  
3.05%
Bundestag seats
SPD
  
41.63%
CDU/CSU
  
41.13%
B'90/GRÜNE
  
9.12%
FDP
  
7.79%
PDS
  
0.33%

Post-election

The coalition between the SPD and the Greens continued in government with Gerhard Schröder as chancellor.

Further reading

  • Pulzer, Peter (April 2003). "The devil they know: The German federal election of 2002".  

References

  1. ^ "Voter turnout by election year". Website of the Federal Returning Officer's Office. The Federal Returning Officer. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 

Sources

  • The Federal Returning Officer
  • Psephos
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