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Title: Gitoformate  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: ATC code C01
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Gitoformate (INN, or pentaformylgitoxin, trade name Dynocard) is a cardiac glycoside, a type of drug that can be used in the treatment of congestive heart failure and cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat).[1] Produced by Madaus, it is not available in the US, and does not seem to be available in Europe either.


Gitoformate is a derivative of the glycoside gitoxin, with five of the six free hydroxyl groups formylated, one on the aglycon and four on the sugar.[2][3] Gitoxin, a cardiac glycoside from the Woolly Foxglove (Digitalis lanata), has an aglycon of the cardenolide type named gitoxigenin, which is also the aglycon of lanatoside B, another Digitalis lanata glycoside.[4]


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