World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Gotha Go 244


Gotha Go 244

Go 244
Role Military transport monoplane
National origin Germany
Manufacturer Gotha
First flight 1940s
Produced 174[1]

The Gotha Go 244 was a transport aircraft used by the Luftwaffe during World War II.


  • Development 1
  • Operational history 2
  • Variants 3
  • Specifications (Go 244 B-1) 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6


The Go 244 was the powered version of the Gotha Go 242 military glider transport. Studies for powered versions of the Go 242 began early in the design of the glider, with one early proposal being for modification to allow a single Argus As 10C engine to be temporarily attached to the nose of the glider to allow recovery back to base after use. This idea was rejected, but the alternative of a permanently powered twin-engined version was taken forward.[2]

Three Go 242s were modified as prototypes of the powered Go 244, fitted with varying surplus radial engines. The first prototype, the Go 244 V1 was powered by two 660 hp (492 kW) BMW 132, while the second prototype had 700 hp (522 kW) Gnome-Rhône 14Ms and the third 750 hp (560 kW) Shvetsov M-25A engines. Although only the third prototype offered adequate engine out performance, the Luftwaffe had large stocks of captured Gnome engines, so this was chosen as the basis for the production conversion, although a few more aircraft were fitted with the BMW and Shvetsov engines.[3][4]

The B series was the main production model, being based on the Go 242B with a wheeled tricycle undercarriage and with fuel and oil carried in the tailbooms.[5] 133 were converted from Go 242 Bs, while a further 41 were built from new before production reverted to the glider Go 242.[6] Plans were also created for single-engined variants with a nose-mounted Argus A 10C or Junkers Jumo 211.[7]

Operational history

The first examples of the Go 244 were delivered to operational units in Greece, based in Crete in March 1942. Some were also assigned to transport Geschwader in North Africa and the Eastern Front but on the former front they proved vulnerable to anti-aircraft fire and were withdrawn, being replaced by Junkers Ju 52 or Messerschmitt Me 323 aircraft.[7]


  • Go 244 A-1 - prototype, using the BMW 132 radial engine
  • Go 244 B-1 - production version, with fixed landing gear
  • Go 244 B-2 - B-1 with improved landing gear including a larger semi-retractable nose wheel
  • Go 242 B-3 - paratroop-carrying version of B-1 with double rear doors
  • Go 244 B-4 - paratroop-carrying version of B-2 with doors of B-3 and landing gear of B-2
  • Go 244 B-5 - training version with dual controls

Specifications (Go 244 B-1)

Data from Gotha's Twin-Boom Troopers[8]

General characteristics
  • Crew: 1 or 2 pilots
  • Capacity: up to 23 troops or freight
  • Length: 15.80 m (51 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 24.50 m (80 ft 4½ in)
  • Height: 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in)
  • Wing area: 64.4 m² (693 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 5,100 kg (11,243 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 6,800 kg (14,991 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 7,162 kg (15,789 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Gnome-Rhône 14M 06/07 14-cylinder radial engine, 742 hp (553 kW) at 2,000 m (6,560 ft) each


  • Maximum speed: 290 km/h (157 knots, 180 mph) at 4,000 m (13,100 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 270 km/h (146 knots, 168 mph) at 3,900 m (12,800 ft)
  • Range: 410 km (222 nmi, 255 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 8,350 m (27,395 ft)
  • Climb to 1,000 m (3,300 ft): 3 min
  • Guns: 3 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 15 or MG 81Z machine guns

See also

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists


  1. ^ *
  2. ^ Air International December 1989, p. 291.
  3. ^ Air International December 1989, pp. 291–2.
  4. ^ Smith and Kay 1972, p.219.
  5. ^ Air International December 1989, p. 292.
  6. ^ Air International December 1989, p. 309.
  7. ^ a b
  8. ^ Air International December 1989, pp. 288.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.