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Greenwood County, Kansas

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Title: Greenwood County, Kansas  
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Subject: List of townships in Kansas, Eureka, Kansas, Fall River, Kansas, Hamilton, Kansas, Madison, Kansas
Collection: 1855 Establishments in Kansas Territory, Greenwood County, Kansas, Kansas Counties
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Greenwood County, Kansas

Greenwood County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Greenwood County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for Alfred B. Greenwood
Seat Eureka
Largest city Eureka
Area
 • Total 1,153 sq mi (2,986 km2)
 • Land 1,143 sq mi (2,960 km2)
 • Water 9.3 sq mi (24 km2), 0.8%
Population
 • (2010) 6,689
 • Density 5.9/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .orggreenwoodcounty

Greenwood County (county code GW) is a county located in the southeast portion of the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 6,689.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Eureka.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Law and government 2
  • Geography 3
    • Adjacent counties 3.1
  • Demographics 4
  • Education 5
    • Unified school districts 5.1
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Unincorporated communities 6.2
    • Ghost towns 6.3
    • Townships 6.4
  • See also 7
  • Further reading 8
  • References 9
  • Further reading 10
  • External links 11

History

Greenwood County was named for Alfred B. Greenwood,[3] a U.S. Congressman from Arkansas. The first railroad in Greenwood County was built through that territory in 1879.[4]

Law and government

Greenwood County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,153 square miles (2,990 km2), of which 1,143 square miles (2,960 km2) is land and 9.3 square miles (24 km2) (0.8%) is water.[6] It is the fifth-largest county in Kansas by area.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[12] there were 7,673 people, 3,234 households, and 2,153 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 4,273 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.53% White, 0.83% Native American, 0.14% Black or African American, 0.10% Asian, 0.81% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.72% of the population.

There were 3,234 households out of which 27.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 30.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 22.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,169, and the median income for a family was $38,140. Males had a median income of $27,021 versus $19,356 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,976. About 8.20% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Unified school districts

  • Madison-Virgil USD 386
  • Eureka USD 389
  • Hamilton USD 390
  • West Elk USD 282 (serving Severy and extreme southern GW county)

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Greenwood County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Townships

Greenwood County is divided into fifteen townships. The city of Eureka is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Bachelor 03625 230 1 (4) 155 (60) 1 (0) 0.70%
Eureka 21825 451 3 (8) 149 (58) 2 (1) 1.50%
Fall River 22800 229 1 (4) 154 (60) 2 (1) 1.13%
Janesville 35000 548 1 (4) 371 (143) 2 (1) 0.62%
Lane 38425 167 1 (3) 138 (53) 1 (0) 0.52%
Madison 44075 1,155 4 (9) 320 (124) 3 (1) 0.85%
Otter Creek 53650 211 1 (2) 290 (112) 2 (1) 0.55%
Pleasant Grove 56375 52 0 (1) 150 (58) 2 (1) 1.57%
Quincy 58175 163 1 (3) 155 (60) 1 (0) 0.38%
Salem 62650 35 0 (0) 233 (90) 2 (1) 0.89%
Salt Springs 62875 463 3 (7) 182 (70) 10 (4) 5.16%
Shell Rock 64600 173 1 (3) 136 (53) 1 (0) 0.87%
South Salem 66925 127 1 (1) 224 (87) 3 (1) 1.13%
Spring Creek 67425 154 1 (3) 139 (54) 1 (1) 0.93%
Twin Grove 71825 601 4 (11) 148 (57) 1 (0) 0.57%
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also

Further reading

Greenwood County
  • Standard Atlas of Greenwood County, Kansas; Geo. A. Ogle & Co; 78 pages; 1922.
  • Plat Book of Greenwood County, Kansas; North West Publishing Co; 58 pages; 1903.
  • Handbook of Greenwood County, Kansas; C. S. Burch Publishing Co; 37 pages; 1880 to 1890.
Kansas
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - 54MB PDF), (Volume2 - 53MB PDF), (Volume3 - 33MB PDF)
  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883/1976.

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 144. 
  4. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 795. 
  5. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  7. ^ The population for 1860 excludes the portion of Madison County annexed between 1860 and 1870. Madison's total population was 686 in 1860.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder".  

Further reading

  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

External links

Official sites
  • Greenwood County
Additional information
  • Blue Skyways
  • Kansas Statistical Abstract
Maps
  • Greenwood County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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