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Hadassah Medical Center

Hadassah Medical Center
Hadassah Ein Kerem
Geography
Location Jerusalem, Israel
Coordinates
Organisation
Hospital type Teaching
Affiliated university Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Services
Beds 1000
History
Founded 1934
Links
Website http://www.hadassah.org.il
Lists Hospitals in Israel

Hadassah Medical Center (university hospitals at Ein Kerem and Mount Scopus in Jerusalem, Israel, as well as schools of medicine, dentistry, nursing, and pharmacology affiliated with the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Its declared mission is to extend a “hand to all, without regard for race, religion or ethnic origin."[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Mount Scopus campus 2
  • Ein Kerem campus 3
    • Chagall windows 3.1
    • New entrance pavilion 3.2
  • Notable alumni 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8

History

The hospital was founded by

  • Hadassah Medical Center

External links

  • Levin, Marlin (2002). It Takes a Dream: The story of Hadassah. Gefen Publishing House Ltd.  

Further reading


  1. ^ a b Hadassah Hospital: Extending a 'hand to all'
  2. ^ Ayala Hurwicz (2007-05-07). "Sheba - Largest Hospital in Israel" (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2007-09-14. 
  3. ^ History of Hadassay
  4. ^ a b c d e Hadassah Hospital History Retrieved 2009-12-20
  5. ^ Sochen, June (Spring 2003). "Both the dove and the serpent: Hadassah's work in 1920s Palestine" 52 (1-2). New York: Judaism; a Journal of Jewish Life & Thought. pp. 71–83. 
  6. ^ Auerbach, Jerold S. (2009). Hebron Jews memory and conflict in the land of Israel. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 60.  
  7. ^ Peel Commission report, July 1937, chapter 12, page 312 (paragraph 5)
  8. ^ Sheffer, Doron (2005-03-20). "Local hospitals up for Nobel Prize". Ynet. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  9. ^ http://www.hadassahinternational.org/news/article.asp?id=2087
  10. ^ http://www.israelvalley.com/news/2013/07/11/40585/le-chanteur-d-opera-francais-david-serero-se-produira-au-chu-hadassah
  11. ^ SPENCER, Ho (2014-03-14). "Court stays proceedings, appoints trustees for Hadassah". Times of Israel. Retrieved 2014-05-10. 
  12. ^ , Something EternalIncessant Visions
  13. ^ Hadassah marches on, Jerusalem Post
  14. ^ To Be a Doctor in Jerusalem: Life under Threat of Terrorism
  15. ^ Hand in Hand: International Patients Assistance
  16. ^ Hadassah Mount Scopus sees regular violence
  17. ^ Natalie Portman promotes Hadassah
  18. ^ June 6th: A Date to Remember
  19. ^ a b c Hadassah hospital is taking health care to new heights, Haaretz
  20. ^ "American Jewish businessman donates $75 million to Jerusalem hospital". Ynet. 2007-04-03. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  21. ^ Gay, Edward (November 10, 2008). "'"World media: NZ election vote 'as reasoned as a doped slug.  
  22. ^ HIV Fertility Clinic Opens In Jerusalem, Israel
  23. ^ Yedioth Aharonot, Feb 23, 2009 "Fertility Clinic for AIDS carriers", Nissan Straucher and Dani Adino-Abba
  24. ^ Chagall, Marc. Marc Chagall on Art and Culture, editor: Benjamin Harshav. Stanford Univ. Press (2003)
  25. ^ http://people.healthsciences.ucla.edu/institution/personnel?personnel_id=8731
  26. ^ http://www.usrf.org/PCSPES/belldegrun.shtml

References

See also

Aaron Ciechanover, Nobel Prize winner

Notable alumni

In 2012, a new glassed-in entrance pavilion opened at the foot of the Davidson Tower which funnels all traffic entering the hospital. Alongside the building are four "healing gardens" planned by Shlomo Aronson employing the principles of biophilic design, which posits that nature and vegetation impact positively on human health.[19]

New entrance pavilion

The Ein Karem campus synagogue is illuminated by stained glass windows depicting the twelve tribes of Israel, created by Marc Chagall. Chagall envisaged the synagogue as "a crown offered to the Jewish Queen," and the windows as "jewels of translucent fire. The windows were installed February 1962. At the dedication ceremony, Chagall said: "A stained glass window is a transparent partition between my heart and the heart of the world...To read the Bible is to perceive a certain light, and the window has to make this obvious through its simplicity and grace... The thoughts have nested in me for many years, since the time when my feet walked on the Holy Land, when I prepared myself to create engravings of the Bible. They strengthened me and encouraged me to bring my modest gift to the Jewish people, that people that lived here thousands of years ago.[24]

Chagall windows

In April 2009, following an initiative of the Puah Institute, the hospital opened a fertility clinic for AIDS patients, the first such clinic in Israel. Prof. Shlomo Ma'ayan heads the clinic.[22][23]

In 2008 Prime Minister John Key of New Zealand made a donation to the hospital.[21]

In March 2007, Jewish American billionaire William Davidson donated $75 million to the hospital.[20] In 2012, the Sarah Wetsman Davidson Hospital Tower opened with 500 beds and 20 operating theaters.[19]

Hadassah's director is Professor Yuval Weiss. Notable physicians include Avraham Rivkind, founder and director of the hospital's trauma center, Ahmed Eid, head of the liver and kidney transplant unit, and Arie Eldad, head of the department of plastic surgery and burns unit.

Davidson Tower, 2012

Prior to the opening of a 19-story hospital tower in 2012, Hadassah Ein Karem had 700 inpatient beds. The hospital complex consists of 22 buildings, including the Hebrew University of Jerusalem schools of medicine, dentistry, nursing, public health and pharmacology.

From 1948-1962, Hadassah hospital operated in rented quarters in five different locations in Jerusalem,[18] including what is now the Anglican International School on Street of the Prophets in Jerusalem. In 1961, a new medical complex was built in Ein Karem in southwest Jerusalem under the direction of then-director general International Style architecture in Israel.[19]

Ein Kerem campus

After the unification of Jerusalem in the Six-Day War, Hadassah Mount Scopus underwent extensive renovations, reopening in 1975. With over 300 beds and 30 departments and clinics, the hospital serves all populations in Jerusalem without distinction.[15] Over one-third of the patients are Arab.[16] In 2011, the Israeli-American actress Natalie Portman, who was born at Hadassah Mount Scopus, starred in a fundraising campaign for the hospital.[17]

Under the 1949 armistice agreement with Jordan, Mount Scopus was declared a demilitarized enclave and operation of the hospital became impossible.[14] The staff moved to temporary quarters in Jerusalem and eventually a new campus was built in Ein Kerem.

In March 1947, the leader of the Arab Forces in Jerusalem, Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, threatened to blow up the hospital. He did not do so, but attacks were carried out on traffic to and from the hospital. On April 13, 1948, an armoured convoy of doctors, nurses, medical students, and other staff made its way to the hospital. The group was ambushed, and 78 people were killed in what became known as the Hadassah medical convoy massacre.[13]

The cornerstone for the Hadassah hospital on Mount Scopus was laid in 1934. After five years of construction, the complex, designed by architect Erich Mendelsohn,[12] opened its doors in 1939.

Hadassah nurses parade in Jerusalem, 1965
Photo of the Mount Scopus campus from the 1930s showing the courtyard and domes

Mount Scopus campus

Due to an accumulated deficit of over 1 billion NIS, at the request of the medical center's management, the Israeli court declared 3 months of suspension of proceedings starting February 2014.[11] The Hadassah organization was established in 1912 in New York City to provide health care in Ottoman-occupied Jerusalem. In 1913, Hadassah sent two nurses to Palestine. They set up a small public health station in Jerusalem to provide maternity care and treat trachoma, a dreaded eye disease rampant in the Middle East.[4]

[10] French baritone

In 2005, Hadassah was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in acknowledgment of its equal treatment of all patients, regardless of ethnic and religious differences, and efforts to build bridges to peace.[8][9]

The Hadassah Medical Organization has developed a widespread system of clinics in Jewish centres and hospitals in the principal towns...Though naturally the Jewish population benefited most, the Hadassah medical services were available to all the communities in Palestine and many of the poorer classes amongst the Arabs received much assistance from the work of the organization. This disinterested philanthropy of Hadassah deserves recognition: it was a real step towards the promotion of good feeling between the two races; but unhappily the effect of its work was impaired by other influences.[7]

The British Royal Commission, known as the Peel Commission, praised the work of Hadassah in its report:

The Hadassah Medical Organization operated an infirmary in Hebron. The Beit Hadassah clinic had three floors with the infirmary, the pharmacy and the synagogue on the top floor.[5] Free care was provided to Jews and Arabs.[6]

In 1921, a Hadassah nurse, Bertha Landsman, set up the first Tipat Halav perinatal care center in Jerusalem, and Hadassah opened a hospital in Tel Aviv. The following year, it established a hospital in Haifa.[4] In 1926, Hadassah established the first tuberculosis treatment center in Safed. In 1929, Hadassah opened the Nathan and Lina Straus Health Center in Jerusalem. In the 1930s, planning began for a new hospital to replace the Rothschild hospital founded in 1888 on Street of the Prophets, Jerusalem. Rose L. Halprin, Hadassah's sixth national president, moved to Jerusalem to serve as liaison between the American office and Hadassah in Palestine. The Rothschild-Hadassah University Hospital, the first teaching hospital and medical center in Palestine, opened on May 9, 1939.[4]

In 1919, Hadassah organized the first School Hygiene Department in Palestine to give routine health examinations to Jerusalem school children. During the Arab riots of 1920, Hadassah nurses cared for the wounded on both sides. Henrietta Szold moved to Jerusalem that year to develop community health and preventive care programs.[4]

In 1918, Hadassah established the American Zionist Medical Unit (AZMU), manned by 45 medical health professionals. The AZMU helped to establish six hospitals in Palestine which were then turned over to municipal authorities. The Meir Rothschild Hospital opened in Jerusalem in 1918.[3] That year, Hadassah also founded a nursing school to train local personnel and create a cadre of nurses.[4]

[1] Across its two campuses, Hadassah Medical Center has a total of 1,000 beds, 31 operating theaters and nine special intensive care units, and runs five schools of medical professions.[2]

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