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Hamilton County, Illinois

Hamilton County, Illinois
Hamilton County Courthouse in McLeansboro
Seal of Hamilton County, Illinois
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Hamilton County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for Alexander Hamilton
Seat McLeansboro
Largest city McLeansboro
Area
 • Total 436 sq mi (1,129 km2)
 • Land 435 sq mi (1,127 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010) 8,457
 • Density 19/sq mi (7/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Hamilton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 8,457.[1] Its county seat is McLeansboro.[2] It is located in the southern portion of the state known locally as "Little Egypt".

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate and weather 2.1
    • Major highways 2.2
    • Adjacent counties 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Communities 4
    • City 4.1
    • Town 4.2
    • Villages 4.3
    • Unincorporated communities 4.4
    • Townships 4.5
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Hamilton County was formed out of White County in 1821. It is named for Alexander Hamilton, Revolutionary War hero and the first United States Secretary of the Treasury.[3]

In 1925, numerous people were killed by the infamous Tri-State Tornado in an unprecedented rural death toll.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 436 square miles (1,130 km2), of which 435 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.3%) is water.[4]

Climate and weather

McLeansboro, Illinois
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.2
 
 
39
20
 
 
2.8
 
 
45
24
 
 
4.5
 
 
55
34
 
 
4.6
 
 
66
43
 
 
4.7
 
 
76
53
 
 
3.9
 
 
85
62
 
 
3.5
 
 
89
66
 
 
3
 
 
88
63
 
 
2.9
 
 
81
55
 
 
3
 
 
70
43
 
 
4.5
 
 
56
35
 
 
3.6
 
 
44
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of McLeansboro have ranged from a low of 20 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 89 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1930 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.76 inches (70 mm) in February to 4.67 inches (119 mm) in May.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

2000 census age pyramid for Hamilton County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,457 people, 3,489 households, and 2,376 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 19.5 inhabitants per square mile (7.5/km2). There were 4,104 housing units at an average density of 9.4 per square mile (3.6/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 98.2% white, 0.4% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 33.1% were German, 20.7% were Irish, 11.4% were English, and 10.3% were American.[12]

Of the 3,489 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.9% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age was 43.1 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $35,032 and the median income for a family was $50,878. Males had a median income of $45,245 versus $23,491 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,602. About 8.2% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities

City

Town

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Hamilton County is divided into twelve townships:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 147. 
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County".  
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for McLeansboro, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data".  
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  

External links

  • McLeansboro.com
  • Hamilton County Community Unit District No.10 Schools
  • Hamilton County Historical Society
  • Hamilton County Foxes Football

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