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Hampstead Garden Suburb

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Title: Hampstead Garden Suburb  
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Subject: London Borough of Barnet, Temple Fortune, London Buses route H2, List of nature reserves in Barnet, Golders Green
Collection: Areas of London, Districts of Barnet, Edwardian Era, Garden Suburbs, Works of Edwin Lutyens
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Hampstead Garden Suburb

Hampstead Garden Suburb
Hampstead Garden Suburb is located in Greater London
Hampstead Garden Suburb
Hampstead Garden Suburb
 Hampstead Garden Suburb shown within Greater London
OS grid reference
London borough Barnet
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district N2
Postcode district NW11
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Finchley & Golders Green
Hendon
London Assembly Barnet and Camden
List of places
UK
England
London

Hampstead Garden Suburb is a suburb, north of Hampstead, west of Highgate and east of Golders Green. It is an example of early twentieth-century domestic architecture and town planning located in the London Borough of Barnet in northwest London. The master plan was prepared by Barry Parker and Sir Raymond Unwin.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust 2
  • Geography 3
  • Parks and nature reserves 4
  • Notable residents 5
    • Present 5.1
    • Past 5.2
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

Hampstead Garden Suburb was founded by Henrietta Barnett, who, with her husband Samuel, had started the Whitechapel Art Gallery and Toynbee Hall. In 1906, Barnett set up the Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust Ltd, which purchased 243 acres of land from Eton College for the scheme and appointed Raymond Unwin as its architect.[1]

Among the scheme's aims were the following:

  • It should cater for all classes of people and all income groups
  • There should be a low housing density
  • Roads should be wide and tree-lined
  • Houses should be separated by hedges, not walls
  • Woods and public gardens should be free to all
  • It should be quiet, with no church bells

This required a private bill before Parliament, as it was counter to local bylaws. The provisions of the new act, Hampstead Garden Suburb Act 1906, allowed less land to be taken up by roads and more by gardens and open spaces.[1]

The ideas for the "Garden Suburb" were clearly based on the ideas and experience of Parker and Unwin in the planning and development of John Soutar.

However, with no industry, no public houses and few shops or services, the suburb, unlike the garden cities, made no attempt to be self-contained.[1] In the 1930s the "Suburb" (as it is known by locals) expanded to the north of the A1. While more characterful than most other suburban housing, some of the housing to the north is considered, overall, of less architectural value.

On Central Square, laid out by Sir Edwin Lutyens, there are two large churches, St. Jude's Church and The Free Church, as well as a Quaker Meeting House. There are two mixed state primary schools in the Suburb, Garden Suburb and Brookland. There is also a state girls' grammar school, Henrietta Barnett School. The school used to house The Institute, an adult education centre, but most of The Institute has now moved to accommodation in East Finchley, opposite the tube station, with the opening of a new purpose-built arts centre.

Shops and other services are provided in the shopping parades of Market Place and Temple Fortune, with Golders Green and East Finchley within walking distance for those who live at either end.

Little Wood contains an open air arena, which is used for summer theatrical performances by a local amateur theatre society.

In 2015, the residents' association decided to implement a yellow and red card penalty system to discourage neighbours from using noisy lawnmowers and leafblowers.[2]

Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust

Freehold houses, flats and commercial premises within the Suburb are subject to a scheme of management approved pursuant to the Leasehold Reform Act 1967 by an Order of the Chancery Division of the High Court, dated 17 January 1974, as amended by a further Order dated 17 February 1983.

The HGS Trust protects the character and amenity of the Suburb[3] and is responsible for implementing the management scheme. It has offices in Finchley Road. Freeholders are required to get the prior approval of the Trust before altering the external appearance of their properties. Consent is also required for significant changes to gardens, erection of garden sheds and felling or pruning of trees.[4] The Trust is also the freeholder of the majority of the remaining leasehold property in the Suburb which are mostly held on very long leases.

Geography

Parks and nature reserves

The Suburb has large areas of open space, including Hampstead Heath Extension; Big Wood and Little Wood and the private Turner's Wood. The southern end is close to Golders Hill Park.

Notable residents

Present

Past

[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ a b c d e f g
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • HGS website
  • HGS Trust
  • Famous residents
  • Hampstead Garden Suburb Notable Residents and where they lived compiled by Dr Eva Jacobs. Published by Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust. ISBN 978-0-9516742-9-1
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