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Hanis language

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Title: Hanis language  
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Subject: Miluk language, Galice language, Lower Chinook, Kathlamet language, Molala language
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Hanis language

Pronunciation há·nis
Region Coos Bay, Oregon
Ethnicity Hanis people
Extinct 1972
  • Hanis
Language codes
ISO 639-3 csz
Glottolog coos1249[1]

Hanis, or Coos, was one of two Coosan languages of Oregon, and the better documented. It was spoken north of the Miluk around the Coos River and Coos Bay. The há·nis was the Hanis name for themselves. The last speaker of Hanis was Martha Harney Johnson, who died in 1972.[2][3] Another speaker was Annie Miner Peterson, who worked with linguist Melville Jacobs to document the language.[4]

As of 2007, classes in Hanis were offered by the [5]


m n
tsʰ tɬʰ tʃʰ
p t ts k q ʔ
tsʼ tɬʼ tʃʼ
s ɬ ʃ x χ h
w l j ɣ

The /p t ts tɬ tʃ k q/ series are optionally voiced. /l m n/ may be syllabic. Vowels /i e a u/ may be long or short; there is also a short /ə/. Stress is phonemic.


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Coos". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Whereat, Patty (2001-06). "Hanis Tlii'iis: Hanis Coos Language: A Word List". Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  3. ^ a b Hanis language at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  4. ^ Whereat, Don (1991-10). "Coos Language and Ethnology". Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  5. ^ "Hanis for Beginners".  
  • Frachtenberg, Leo J. (1913). Coos texts. California University contributions to anthropology (Vol. 1). New York: Columbia University Press. (Reprinted 1969 New York: AMS Press).
  • Frachtenberg, Leo J. (1922). Coos: An illustrative sketch. In Handbook of American Indian languages (Vol. 2, pp. 297–299, 305). Bulletin, 40, pt. 2. Washington:Government Print Office (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology).
  • Grant, Anthony. (1996). John Milhau's 1856 Hanis vocabularies: Coos dialectology and philology. In V. Golla (Ed.), Proceedings of the Hokan–Penutian workshop: University of Oregon, Eugene, July 1994 and University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, July 1995. Survey of California and other Indian languages (No. 9). Berkeley, CA: Survey of California and Other Languages.
  • Pierce, Joe E. 1971. Hanis (Coos) phonemics. Linguistics 75. 31-42.

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