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Haran

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Title: Haran  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bible/Featured chapter/Genesis, Terah, Lot (biblical person), Abraham, Nahor
Collection: Abraham, Lot (Biblical Person), Noach (Parsha), Torah People
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Haran

Haran or Aran (Hebrew: הָרָן, Modern: Hārān)[1] is a man in the Book of Genesis in the Hebrew Bible.[2] He died in Ur of the Chaldees (Ur Kaśdim), was a son of Terah, and brother of Abraham. Through his son Lot, Haran was the ancestor of the Moabites and Ammonites, and through his daughter Milcah he was ancestral to the Aramaeans.

Contents

  • Haran and his family 1
  • Etymology 2
  • Family tree 3
  • Others called Haran 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Haran and his family

Terah, a descendant of Shem son of Noah, was the father of Abram/Abraham, Nahor, and Haran. Their home's location is not certain, but it is usually supposed to have been in Mesopotamia. Besides Lot and Milcah, Haran fathered a daughter Iscah.

After Haran died in Ur of the Chaldees 'before his father Terah', his family travelled towards Canaan, the promised land. However, Terah stopped at Charan (or Haran) and settled there, as did Nahor and Milcah, whereas Lot accompanied Abraham and others onwards to Canaan.[3]>[4]

According to Christianity, as a descendant of David, Jesus is a descendant of Haran through David's great-grandmother Ruth, a Moabitess[5] and hence a descendant of Lot. Solomon's wife Naamah, mother of Rehoboam and ancestress to all of Judah's subsequent kings, was an Ammonitess and thus also descended from Haran.[6]

Etymology

The name Haran possibly comes from the Hebrew word har, = "mountain", with a West Semitic suffix appearing with proper names, anu/i/a.[7] Thus, it has been suggested that Haran may mean "mountaineer".[8] Personal names which resemble Haran include ha-ri and ha-ru, from texts of second millennium BC Mari and Alalakh, and ha-ar-ri, from one of the Amarna Letters—but their meanings are uncertain.[9][10][11] The initial element of Haran can be found in the Phoenician personal name hr-b`l, and also in the Israelite personal name hryhw from Gibeon.[11]

Family tree

All except shaded boxes are descendants of Haran. Dotted lines are marriage connections.


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Terah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abraham
 
Sarah
 
 
 
 
 
Nahor
 
 
 
 
 
Haran
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Milcah
 
Lot
 
Iscah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
}
 
 
 
7 sons
 
Bethuel
 
Daughter_1
 
 
 
 
 
Daughter_2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Isaac
 
Rebecca
 
 
 
 
 
Laban
 
 
Moab
 
Ben-ammi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Esau
 
Jacob
 
Leah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rachel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5 sons
 
}
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
}
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bilhah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zilpah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Simeon
 
 
Judah
 
 
Zebulun
 
 
Gad
 
 
Dan
 
 
Joseph
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reuben
 
Levi
 
Issachar
 
Dinah
 
Asher
 
Naphtali
 
Benjamin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Others called Haran

Haran is the name of two other people mentioned in the Bible.

See also

References

  1. ^ Freedman, Meyers & Beck. Eerdmans dictionary of the Bible ISBN 978-0-8028-2400-4, 2000, p.551
  2. ^ Genesis 11:27-32
  3. ^ Genesis 11:28-12:5
  4. ^ Eerdmans dictionary, p. 997
  5. ^ Ruth 4:21-22
  6. ^ 1Kings 14:21,31, 1Chronicles 3:10-16
  7. ^ D. Sivan, Grammatical Analysis and Glossary of the Northwest Semitic Vocables in Akkadian Texts of the 15th-13th C., BC from Canaan and Syria, 1984, p.97-98
  8. ^ A Dictionary of the Bible: Dealing with its Language, Vol. 1, 1899, p.301
  9. ^ H. Huffmon, Amorite Personal Names in the Mari Archives: A Structural and Lexical Study, 1965, p.204
  10. ^ D. Sivan, Grammatical Analysis of Northwest Semitic Vocables, p. 222
  11. ^ a b Alexander & Baker. Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch, 2002, p. 380
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