World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Hengelo

Article Id: WHEBN0000118459
Reproduction Date:

Title: Hengelo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Enschede, Robin van Helsum, Eliška Klučinová, 5000 metres, Almelo
Collection: Cities in the Netherlands, Hengelo, Municipalities of Overijssel, Populated Places in Overijssel, Twente
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Hengelo

Hengelo
Municipality
Twentekanaal through Hengelo
Twentekanaal through Hengelo
Flag of Hengelo
Flag
Coat of arms of Hengelo
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Hengelo in a municipal map of Overijssel
Location in Overijssel
Coordinates:
Country Netherlands
Province Overijssel
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Sander Schelberg (VVD)
Area[2]
 • Total 61.83 km2 (23.87 sq mi)
 • Land 60.90 km2 (23.51 sq mi)
 • Water 0.93 km2 (0.36 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 18 m (59 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 81,070
 • Density 1,331/km2 (3,450/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Hengeloër
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 7550–7559
Area code 074
Climate Cfb
Website .nl.hengelowww
Dutch Topographic map of Hengelo (city), June 2014
Two of the three large cities in East Overijssel: Almelo and Hengelo

Hengelo (Dutch pronunciation: ) is a municipality and a city in the eastern part of the Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel. The city lies along the motorways A1/E30 and A35 and it has a station for the International AmsterdamHannoverBerlin service.

Contents

  • Population centres 1
  • Transport 2
  • The town of Hengelo 3
    • Climate 3.1
  • Gallery 4
  • Notable events 5
  • Twin Cities 6
  • Education 7
  • Notable residents 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Population centres

Transport

Hengelo is easily reached by train. One can travel from Hengelo railway station, the main station of Hengelo and get directly and regularly to:

Apeldoorn, Amersfoort, Hilversum, Southern Amsterdam, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Utrecht, Gouda, Rotterdam, Den Haag, Zwolle, Zutphen, Oldenzaal, Almelo, Deventer, Enschede. There are international trains daily to Bad Bentheim, Rheine, Osnabrück, Hannover and Berlin.

For information on the train services see Hengelo railway station. One can also plan a journey on the website of Dutch Railways.[5] For Amsterdam, riders should use the train to Schiphol and change at Amersfoort, where there are regular trains to Amsterdam Centraal railway station, which is the nearest station to the city.

There is also Hengelo Oost railway station and Hengelo Gezondheidspark railway station in Hengelo. Just beside Hengelo Oost railway station is the football club Juliana '32 and the tennisclub Groot Driene.

  • Within the city limits, the only means of public transport is the bus. Some parts of the route are on bus lanes, specifically built for buses to travel faster.
  • The A1/E30 from Amsterdam to Moscow goes right through the city.
  • The A35 from Enschede to Wierden goes along the west side of the city.
  • Hengelo has a relatively large harbour in the Twentekanaal, a heavily used canal from the Twente region to the IJssel.

The town of Hengelo

Although archeological research indicates the location has been inhabited for thousands of years, the municipality was founded in 1802. At that time it merely consisted of a few hundred farms and landworkers' houses.

Hengelo was never granted city rights as it was only a small village that expanded in the 19th century during the industrial revolution. In the late 19th century it rapidly developed after the construction of an important railway junction. This attracted industry with a focus on technology: Stork B.V., Hazemeyer, Heemaf (now part of France's Alstom, Brush HMA,Brush-Barclay, the United States' Eaton, Essent, Heemaf BV, NV Nuon, and Wabtec), KHZ (now AkzoNobel), and Hollandse Signaal Apparaten, now taken over by the Thales Group. Hengelo was the home town of Hengelo Bier, a local brewery.

During World War II, the city was often bombed by the Allies because of the presence of the railways and the war industry activities of local factories. Accidentally the heart of the town was bombed out, during the Bombing of Hengelo on 6 and 7 October 1944, killing several hundred people. This has also left the city without much of an historical centre.

Apart from that, after World War II the synagogue that survived the war, an entire block called de Telgen, a monastery at the Thiemsbrug, the farm dating from the 17th century where Wolter ten Cate was born, and the 19th century town hall all were demolished. This has also left the city without much of an historical centre.

One of the most prominent buildings is the Lambertusbasiliek, a Roman basilica built in 1890 devoted to Saint Lambert.

Climate

Like most of the Netherlands, Hengelo features an oceanic climate (Cfb in the Köppen classification), however, winters tend to be less mild than the rest of the Netherlands due to its inland location. Although the former military airport is derelict and plans to revive the place were canceled in 2012, the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute still has its weather station there online.

Climate data for Twenthe (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.8
(40.6)
5.7
(42.3)
9.5
(49.1)
13.9
(57)
18.0
(64.4)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73)
22.5
(72.5)
18.7
(65.7)
14.1
(57.4)
8.9
(48)
5.2
(41.4)
13.72
(56.69)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
2.6
(36.7)
5.6
(42.1)
8.9
(48)
12.9
(55.2)
15.4
(59.7)
17.6
(63.7)
17.1
(62.8)
14.0
(57.2)
10.2
(50.4)
6.0
(42.8)
2.9
(37.2)
9.63
(49.33)
Average low °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
1.5
(34.7)
3.4
(38.1)
7.1
(44.8)
9.6
(49.3)
12.0
(53.6)
11.5
(52.7)
9.2
(48.6)
6.2
(43.2)
3.0
(37.4)
0.3
(32.5)
5.23
(41.41)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 71.5
(2.815)
51.6
(2.031)
65.1
(2.563)
45.2
(1.78)
62.4
(2.457)
67.7
(2.665)
74.5
(2.933)
71.0
(2.795)
65.4
(2.575)
67.5
(2.657)
68.9
(2.713)
74.1
(2.917)
784.9
(30.901)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 52.8 82.6 114.0 169.9 202.1 184.6 202.4 184.4 137.4 112.3 58.9 46.0 1,547.4
Source: KNMI [6]

Gallery

Notable events

  • On February 11, 1992, a Dutch F16 crashed into the district Hasseler Es.
  • The Canadian rock band The Tragically Hip mention Hengelo in their song "At the Hundredth Meridian", where they "remember Hengelo" after a glorious gig in Metropool (concert hall in Hengelo).

Twin Cities

Education

Hengelo has six big high schools. These high schools are: the Montessori College Twente, the Bataafs Lyceum, the Twickel College, the Gilde College, Grundel Lyceum and the Grundel Parkcollege.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ NS.nl
  6. ^

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Official Website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.