World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Hermiston, Oregon

Hermiston, Oregon
City
Historic business district of Hermiston
Historic business district of Hermiston
Motto: "The Future of Eastern Oregon"
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Oregon
County Umatilla
Incorporated 1907
Government
 • Mayor Dr. David A. Drotzmann
Area[1]
 • Total 7.81 sq mi (20.23 km2)
 • Land 7.81 sq mi (20.23 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 643 ft (196 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 16,745
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 17,111
 • Density 2,144.0/sq mi (827.8/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97838
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-33700[2]
GNIS feature ID 1167708[4]
Website hermiston.or.us

Hermiston is a city in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States, near the junction of I-82 and I-84. U.S. Route 395 also goes through the center of the city. Hermiston is 7 miles (11 km) south of the Columbia River, Lake Wallula, and the McNary Dam. The population was 16,745 at the 2010 census, which made it the largest city in Umatilla County (and in Eastern Oregon overall), 133 inhabitants ahead of Pendleton, the county seat. The Umatilla Chemical Depot and the Umatilla Chemical Agent Disposal Facility are 5 miles (8 km) west of the city, northeast of the intersection of I-84 and I-82.

Hermiston is one of the two principal cities of the Pendleton-Hermiston Micropolitan Statistical Area, a micropolitan area that covers Morrow and Umatilla counties[5] and had a combined population of 87,062 at the 2010 census.[2]

The city is known for its watermelons which is part of its branding.[6]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Economy 2
    • Top employers 2.1
  • Geography 3
    • Climate 3.1
  • Demographics 4
    • 2010 census 4.1
  • Education 5
  • Transportation 6
  • Media 7
    • Radio 7.1
    • Newspapers 7.2
  • Notable people 8
  • Annual events 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

History

The historic inhabitants of the area were the indigenous Wasco County.

Economy

Top employers

According to Hermiston's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[7] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Umatilla Chemical Depot 1,080
2 Lamb Weston 1,000
3 Express Employment Professionals 800
4 Wal-Mart Distribution 800
5 Certified Personnel Services 725
6 River Point Farms 650
7 Good Shepherd Health Care System 465
8 Hermiston School District 455
9 Walmart Supercenter 400
10 Union Pacific Railroad 300

Geography

Hat Rock, located on the Columbia River near Hermiston, was one of the first landmarks of the area noted by Lewis and Clark in their journals.[8]
Butte Park

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.81 square miles (20.23 km2), all land.[1]

Distance to major cities:

Hermiston's recent population growth is due to its proximity to large cities in the Pacific Northwest and its location along two major freeways.[9][10]

Climate

Climate data for Hermiston, OR
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
(19)
70
(21)
79
(26)
90
(32)
104
(40)
111
(44)
110
(43)
111
(44)
103
(39)
87
(31)
75
(24)
68
(20)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 41
(5)
47
(8)
56
(13)
64
(18)
72
(22)
79
(26)
88
(31)
88
(31)
78
(26)
65
(18)
50
(10)
40
(4)
64
(18)
Daily mean °F (°C) 36
(2)
39
(4)
46
(8)
53
(12)
60
(16)
67
(19)
75
(24)
75
(24)
66
(19)
54
(12)
43
(6)
35
(2)
54
(12)
Average low °F (°C) 30
(−1)
31
(−1)
36
(2)
41
(5)
48
(9)
54
(12)
61
(16)
61
(16)
53
(12)
43
(6)
36
(2)
30
(−1)
39
(4)
Record low °F (°C) −22
(−30)
−7
(−22)
12
(−11)
29
(−2)
34
(1)
35
(2)
43
(6)
43
(6)
34
(1)
20
(−7)
−2
(−19)
−9
(−23)
−22
(−30)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.08
(27.4)
0.81
(20.6)
0.78
(19.8)
0.61
(15.5)
0.77
(19.6)
0.59
(15)
0.18
(4.6)
0.23
(5.8)
0.36
(9.1)
0.62
(15.7)
1.10
(27.9)
1.10
(27.9)
8.23
(209)
Source: The Weather Channel[11]

Demographics

Since 1990, the city has expanded substantially in population.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $35,354, and the median income for a family was $42,881. Males had a median income of $32,100 versus $20,951 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,075. About 11.9% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 16,745 people, 6,050 households, and 4,184 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,144.0 inhabitants per square mile (827.8/km2). There were 6,373 housing units at an average density of 816.0 per square mile (315.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.2% White, 0.8% African American, 1.3% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 19.0% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.9% of the population.[2]

There were 6,050 households of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.8% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.28.[2]

The median age in the city was 30.9 years. 31.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.3% were from 25 to 44; 20.8% were from 45 to 64; and 11% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.[2]

Education

Hermiston School District is composed of one high school, two middle schools, five elementary schools, and 1 alternative school. There are also two private schools. Blue Mountain Community has a branch near airport.

Transportation

Railway that goes through downtown Hermiston

Highways serving Hermiston include Interstate 84 and U.S. Route 30, both of which run east–west, U.S. Route 395, which runs north-south, and Interstate 82, which has its southern terminus near Hermiston and continues north to Ellensburg, Washington.

Hermiston is on the La Grande Subdivision of the Union Pacific Railroad, constructed originally through the area in the 1870s as the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company. Railroad facilities include the Hinkle Locomotive Service and Repair Facility and "hump yard" located just outside the city.

Media

Radio

Newspapers

Notable people

Annual events

Hermiston Education Foundation Beach & Beef Dinner Auction 1st Saturday in February.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ a b c d e f g
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^ FarmCityEntry

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.