World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0020500588
Reproduction Date:

Title: Holmesina  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Edward Ball Wakulla Springs State Park, Orange County, Florida paleontological sites, Pliocene
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Temporal range: Lower Pleistocene - Late Pleistocene, 2.6–0.012Ma
Holmesina septentrionalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Superorder: Xenarthra
Order: Cingulata
Family: Pampatheriidae
Genus: Holmesina
Simpson, 1930
  • H. septentrionalis
  • H. floridanus
  • H. occidentalis
  • H. paulacoutoi
  • H. major
  • H. rondoniensis

Holmesina is a genus of pampathere, an extinct group of armadillo-like creatures that were distantly related to extant armadillos. Like armadillos, and unlike the other extinct branch of Cingulata, the glyptodonts, the shell was made up of flexible plates which allowed the animal to move more easily. Holmesina species were herbivores that grazed on coarse vegetation; armadillos are mostly insectivorous or omnivorous.[1]

Holmesina occidentalis

Holmesina individuals were much larger than any modern armadillo: They could reach a length of 2 m, and a weight of 227 kg (500 lbs), while the modern giant armadillo does not attain more than 54 kg (119 lbs).[2]

They travelled north in the faunal interchange, and adapted well to North America, like the ground sloths, glyptodonts, armadillos, capybaras, and other South American immigrants. Their fossils are found from Brazil to the United States,[3] mostly in Texas and Florida.


  1. ^ Vizcaíno, S. F.; De Iuliis, G.; Bargo, M. S. (1998). (Mammalia: Xenarthra: Pampatheriidae): When Anatomy Constrains Destiny"Holmesina and Vassallia"Skull Shape, Masticatory Apparatus, and Diet of . Journal of Mammalian Evolution 5 (4): 291–322.  
  2. ^
  3. ^ Simpson 1930"Holmesina".  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.