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Hood River, Oregon

Hood River, Oregon
City
Aerial photo of the city of Hood River
Aerial photo of the city of Hood River
Official seal of Hood River, Oregon
Seal
Nickname(s): Windsurfing Capital of the World[1]
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Hood River, Oregon is located in USA
Hood River, Oregon
Location in the United States
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Oregon
County Hood River
Incorporated 1895
Government
 • Mayor Paul Blackburn
Area[2]
 • Total 3.35 sq mi (8.68 km2)
 • Land 2.55 sq mi (6.60 km2)
 • Water 0.80 sq mi (2.07 km2)
Elevation 160 ft (50 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 7,167
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 7,292
 • Density 2,810.6/sq mi (1,085.2/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97031
Area code(s) 458 and 541
FIPS code 41-34900[3]
GNIS feature ID 1136388[5]
Website www.ci.hood-river.or.us

The city of Hood River is the seat of Hood River County, Oregon, United States. It is a port on the Columbia River, and is named for the nearby Hood River. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 7,167.[6]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • Economy 4
  • Arts and culture 5
    • Annual events 5.1
    • Museums and other points of interest 5.2
  • Parks and recreation 6
  • Education 7
  • Media 8
    • Newspapers 8.1
    • Radio 8.2
    • Television 8.3
    • Magazines 8.4
  • Infrastructure 9
    • Transportation 9.1
    • Utilities 9.2
    • Healthcare 9.3
  • Notable people 10
  • Sister cities 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

History

Hood River post office was established at the site of the present city on September 30, 1858,[7] and the city itself was incorporated in 1895.[8] Originally, the city was part of Wasco County, but it became the seat of Hood River County when the county was first established in 1908.[9]

Geography

Hood River is at the confluence of the Hood River and the Mount Hood, the tallest peak in the state. It is across the Columbia River from White Salmon, Washington. South of the city is the Hood River Valley, known for its production of apples, pears, and cherries.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.35 square miles (8.68 km2), of which, 2.55 square miles (6.60 km2) is land and 0.80 square miles (2.07 km2) is water.[2]

Climate

Located at the transition zone between wet Columbia River Gorge.

Temperatures for the year as a whole are slightly cooler than most other low-elevation towns in the region, especially at night due to air drainage off the surrounding mountains. As a rule of thumb, Hood River temperatures are similar to those of Portland in the summer, but more like The Dalles in the winter.

Climate data for Hood River, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 42.1
(5.6)
47.1
(8.4)
54.8
(12.7)
61.2
(16.2)
68.7
(20.4)
74.4
(23.6)
81.7
(27.6)
82.2
(27.9)
76.1
(24.5)
63.5
(17.5)
49.4
(9.7)
40.2
(4.6)
61.8
(16.6)
Daily mean °F (°C) 36.1
(2.3)
38.8
(3.8)
44.9
(7.2)
50.0
(10)
56.8
(13.8)
62.3
(16.8)
68.0
(20)
67.7
(19.8)
61.0
(16.1)
50.8
(10.4)
41.7
(5.4)
34.8
(1.6)
51.08
(10.6)
Average low °F (°C) 30.2
(−1)
30.6
(−0.8)
34.9
(1.6)
38.8
(3.8)
44.8
(7.1)
50.3
(10.2)
54.4
(12.4)
53.3
(11.8)
45.9
(7.7)
38.0
(3.3)
34.1
(1.2)
29.4
(−1.4)
40.4
(4.7)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.21
(132.3)
3.97
(100.8)
2.98
(75.7)
1.76
(44.7)
1.30
(33)
0.87
(22.1)
0.29
(7.4)
0.31
(7.9)
0.95
(24.1)
2.26
(57.4)
5.41
(137.4)
5.98
(151.9)
31.30
(795)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 8.3
(21.1)
6.0
(15.2)
0.8
(2)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
2.1
(5.3)
8.2
(20.8)
25.5
(64.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in.) 18.6 14.9 15.4 12.7 9.3 6.2 2.2 2.2 4.7 10.7 19.2 18.1 134.1
Source: NOAA [12]

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,167 people, 2,972 households, and 1,728 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,810.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,085.2/km2). There were 3,473 housing units at an average density of 1,362.0 per square mile (525.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was:

There were 2,972 households of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.9% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.12.[3]

The median age in the city was 36.3 years. 25.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.6% were from 25 to 44; 23.5% were from 45 to 64; and 12.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.[3]

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,831 people, 2,429 households, and 1,442 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,839.4 people per square mile (1,098.2 per km²). There were 2,645 housing units at an average density of 1,288.0 per square mile (498.2 per km²). The racial makeup of the city was:

  • 57.66% White
  • 23.17% Hispanic or Latino
  • 1.15% Asian
  • 0.99% Native American
  • 0.60% African American
  • 0.19% Pacific Islander
  • 13.58% from other races
  • 2.66% from two or more races.[3]

There were 2,429 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.06.[3]

In the city the population was spread out with:

  • 26.2% under the age of 18
  • 9.7% from 18 to 24
  • 32.6% from 25 to 44
  • 18.5% from 45 to 64
  • 13.1% 65 years of age or older.[3]

The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.[3]

The median income for a household in the city was $31,580, and the median income for a family was $35,568. Males had a median income of $31,583 versus $24,764 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,609. About 12.1% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.[3]

Economy

Windsurfers on the Columbia River

Hood River's economy has traditionally been based on three industries: agriculture, tourism, and sports recreation, but since the late 1990s, high-tech industries, such as aerospace engineering (e.g. Insitu and Hood Technologies), have become some of the largest employers.[16][17] Long an agricultural center of the Pacific Northwest, Hood River is home to numerous apple and pear orchards, as well as many wineries.[18] Many of these local orchards and wineries, including Hood River-based The Fruit Company, are featured on Hood River's renowned "Fruit Loop".[19]

Hood River first experienced a boom in tourism after being discovered as a site for world-class windsurfing, and more recently kiteboarding.[20] Hood River County also has some of the best kayaking, mountain biking, skiing, and hiking areas in the United States.[21]

Situated in the

  • City of Hood River (official website)
  • Hood River County Chamber of Commerce
  • Entry for Hood River in the Oregon Blue Book
  • Hood River-area webcam from the KATU website

External links

  1. ^ "Windsurfing and Kiteboarding the Columbia River Gorge". TravelOregon.com. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "American FactFinder".  
  4. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  6. ^ "Population Research Center" (PDF).  
  7. ^  
  8. ^ "Hood River Community Profile".  
  9. ^ Corning, Howard M., ed. (1956). Dictionary of Oregon History.  
  10. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?or1407
  11. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?orthed
  12. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data".  
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 211.
  15. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000-2007".  
  16. ^ "Drones are Ready for Takeoff". Smithsonian magazine. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  17. ^ "…It Came From The Gorge".  
  18. ^ "Mount Hood & The Gorge". TravelOregon.com. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  19. ^ "Hood River Country Fruit Loop". Hood River County. 
  20. ^ Vinh, Tan (July 10, 2008). "Gorge Games spotlight Hood River as a multisport mecca". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  21. ^ http://gonw.about.com/od/attractionswa/ss/hoodriver_2.htm
  22. ^ http://www.hoodriver.org/HRCCC_ArticleTemplate.asp?ArticleINDX=294&CategoryINDX=24
  23. ^ a b "Discover Hood River: Hood River In The News". Hood River County Chamber of Commerce. Spring 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-15. 
  24. ^ Weber, Bruce. "Hood River". The New York Times. 
  25. ^ Barker, Aaron (July 20, 2012). "11 great riverfront towns". CNN. 
  26. ^ http://www.winesnw.com/gorgemap.html
  27. ^ "Hood River Valley Blossom Festival". traveloregon.com ( 
  28. ^ http://hoodriver.org/events-festivals/chamber-events/hops-fest
  29. ^ "Hood River Valley Harvest Fest". traveloregon.com ( 
  30. ^ "Best Harvest Festivals".  
  31. ^ Vinh, Tan (July 10, 2008). "Gorge Games spotlight Hood River as a multisport mecca".  
  32. ^ http://www.vmgevents.com/fe/index.htm
  33. ^ http://www.mthoodcyclingclassic.com/course-routes/race-overview/
  34. ^ Pierre, Adam (June 18, 2013). "Mt. Hood Cycling Classic rides into the sunset".  
  35. ^ "50 Best Places to Live: The Next Great Adventure Towns".  
  36. ^ "Best Places to Live: Where to Live and Play Now!".  
  37. ^ http://abkboardsports.com/lessons/gorge
  38. ^ http://www.hoodriverparksandrec.org/
  39. ^ http://www.hoodriverwaterfront.com/
  40. ^ Hood River News
  41. ^ http://columbiagorge.com/
  42. ^ a b c d Hood River profile from Oregon Economic & Community Development Department
  43. ^ Port of Hood River
  44. ^ http://www.sister-cities.org/icrc/directory/usa/OR

References

Hood River has one sister city,[44] as designated by Sister Cities International:

Sister cities

Notable people

Hood River has one hospital, Providence Hood River Memorial Hospital.[42]

Healthcare

Water and wastewater treatment are supplied by the City of Hood River.[42] Natural gas is provided by NW Natural and electricity comes from PacifiCorp.[42]

Utilities

The Port of Hood River, founded in 1933, manages a public marina and waterfront economic development projects.[43] The port commission also manages the airport and the Hood River-White Salmon Interstate Bridge.

Marine

Hood River receives national bus service from Greyhound Lines. Columbia Area Transit provides three buses to The Dalles every weekday, and a round trip service to Portland on Tuesdays and Thursdays.

Bus

Hood River is the northern terminus of the Mount Hood Railroad, a heritage railway that offers passenger excursions as well as shipping a small amount of freight. Union Pacific Railroad provides freight service to the city.[42]

Rail

Interstate 84 and Oregon Route 35 pass through Hood River.

Highway

Hood River has one airport, the Ken Jernstedt Airfield: it has no scheduled airlines and light general aviation use.

Air

Transportation

Hood River Bridge

Infrastructure

Two locally published magazines serve the area, Columbia Gorge Magazine and The Gorge Magazine are both monthly magazines featuring recreation, dining, shopping, weddings, architecture, arts and entertainment taking place in the Columbia Gorge area (primarily Hood River, The Dalles, and Troutdale).[41]

Magazines

Television

Radio

The Hood River News is a semi-weekly paper published by Eagle Newspapers on Wednesday and Saturday.[40]

Newspapers

Media

Public primary and secondary schools in Hood River are part of the The Dalles. Horizon Christian School is a private school serving grades kindergarten through twelfth grade (K–12). Horizon competes at the 1A level of the Oregon School Activities Association, while the public Hood River Valley High School competes at the 5A level. The city also is home to the small Mid-Columbia Adventist School.

Education

Hood River is the western gateway to the Mount Hood Scenic Byway and to a major section of the Historic Columbia River Highway. Hood River is considered a "sports mecca" and offers some of the best spots for windsurfing, kitesurfing, kayaking, stand up paddleboarding, skiing and mountain biking—all for which it draws considerable national attention from many media outlets, such as National Geographic Adventure.[35][36] The Port Commission has built a protected harbor for learning windsurfing called "The Hook".[37] The city also features the family and wind-sport friendly Waterfront Park, a public pool, skate park, biking trails, and several small public parks and ball fields.[38][39] The valley is also home to two 18-hole golf courses.

Parks and recreation

Hood River is home to the booster Simon Benson. The oldest house in the city is the Ezra L. Smith home, which he built in 1886 for his family. Smith was influential in state politics, in Oregon agricultural development, in Hood River city administration, and in banking. Many farmers and businessmen came to his home seeking advice. The house later served as a funeral home for over 40 years and is now the site of wine production and tastings for Stoltz Vineyards.

Columbia Gorge Hotel, listed on the National Register of Historic Places

Museums and other points of interest

Annual cultural events include the Hood River Valley Blossom Festival, which takes place in April,[27] the Hood River Hops Fest,[28] and the Hood River Valley Harvest Fest,[29] both in October. Fox Sports in August, feature professional competitions in ten sports such as windsurfing, kitesurfing, outrigger canoeing, and rock climbing.[31] Hood River hosted the US Windsurfing National Championships in 2009[32] and the Mount Hood Cycling Classic from 2002 to 2013.[33][34]

Annual events

Hood River bicyclists

Arts and culture

Other industries in the city include Hood River Distillers, the employee-owned Full Sail Brewing Company, a major Oregon microbrewery, the clothing and sports equipment manufacturer DaKine, and vegetarian food manufacturer Turtle Island Foods, producer of Tofurky. The Hood River Valley is also home to more than a dozen wineries.[26]

All of these factors have led to positive news coverage in publications such as National Geographic Adventure, Sunset, Outside, Backpacker, Smithsonian, the New York Times travel section, and others.[23][24] Hood River has received numerous awards from national magazines, such as "coolest small town" to "fifth best ski-town in America".[23] Most recently, Hood River was featured on CNN as one of "11 great riverfront towns" in the United States.[25]

[22]

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