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Houston Astros

Contents

  • Taxonavigation 1
  • Name 2
  • Franchise history 3
    • Major League Baseball comes to Texas 3.1
    • 1962–1964: The Colt .45s 3.2
  • Name 4

Taxonavigation

Species: Houston Astros

Name

  • Houston Astros Tenorio, 1969
Houston Astros
2015 Houston Astros season
Established 1962
Team logo Cap insignia
Major league affiliations
Current uniform
Retired numbers 5 · 7 · 24 · 25 · 32 · 33 · 34 · 40 · 42 · 49
Colors
  • Navy blue, orange, white

              

Name
  • Houston Astros (1965–present)
Other nicknames
  • 'Stros
Ballpark
  • a.k.a. Astros Field (2002)
  • a.k.a. Enron Field (20002002)
  • a.k.a. The Ballpark at Union Station (2000)
  • a.k.a. Harris County Domed Stadium (1965)
Major league titles
World Series titles (0)
AL Pennants (0)
NL Pennants (1) 2005
AL West Division titles (0)
NL Central Division titles (4) NL West Division Titles (3) 2001 · 1999 · 1998 · 1997 · 1986 · 1981 · 1980
Wild card berths (2) 2005 · 2004
Front office
Owner(s) Jim Crane
Manager A. J. Hinch
General Manager Jeff Luhnow
President of Baseball Operations Reid Ryan

The Houston Astros are a professional baseball team located in Houston, Texas. The team is a member of the Western Division of Major League Baseball's American League, having moved in 2013 after spending their first 51 seasons in the National League.[1] The Astros have played their home games at Minute Maid Park since 2000.[2]

The Astros were established as the Houston Colt .45s in 1962. The current name was adopted three years later when they moved into the Astrodome, the
Houston Astros
2015 Houston Astros season
Established 1962
Team logo Cap insignia
Major league affiliations
Current uniform
Retired numbers 5 · 7 · 24 · 25 · 32 · 33 · 34 · 40 · 42 · 49
Colors
  • Navy blue, orange, white

              

Name
  • Houston Astros (1965–present)
Other nicknames
  • 'Stros
Ballpark
  • a.k.a. Astros Field (2002)
  • a.k.a. Enron Field (20002002)
  • a.k.a. The Ballpark at Union Station (2000)
  • a.k.a. Harris County Domed Stadium (1965)
Major league titles
World Series titles (0)
AL Pennants (0)
NL Pennants (1) 2005
AL West Division titles (0)
NL Central Division titles (4) NL West Division Titles (3) 2001 · 1999 · 1998 · 1997 · 1986 · 1981 · 1980
Wild card berths (2) 2005 · 2004
Front office
Owner(s) Jim Crane
Manager A. J. Hinch
General Manager Jeff Luhnow
President of Baseball Operations Reid Ryan

The Houston Astros are a professional baseball team located in Houston, Texas. The team is a member of the Western Division of Major League Baseball's American League, having moved in 2013 after spending their first 51 seasons in the National League.[3] The Astros have played their home games at Minute Maid Park since 2000.[4]

The Astros were established as the Houston Colt .45s in 1962. The current name was adopted three years later when they moved into the Astrodome, the world's first domed sports stadium. The name reflects Houston's role as the center of the U.S. Space Program.

The Astros (89–73) have made one World Series appearance (while a member of the National League), in 2005 against the Chicago White Sox (99-63), in which they were swept in 4 games.

Franchise history

Major League Baseball comes to Texas

From 1888 until 1961, Houston's professional baseball club was the minor league St. Louis Cardinals in 1952; R.E. "Bob" Smith, a prominent oilman and real estate magnate in Houston who was brought in for his financial resources; and Judge Roy Hofheinz, a former Mayor of Houston and Harris County Judge who was recruited for his salesmanship and political style. They formed the Houston Sports Association as their vehicle for attaining a big league franchise for the city of Houston.[6]

Given MLB's refusal to consider expansion, Kirksey, Cullinan, Smith, and Hofheinz joined forces with would-be owners from other cities and announced the formation of a new league to compete with the established National and American Leagues. They called the new league the Continental League. Wanting to protect potential new markets, both existing leagues chose to expand from eight teams to ten. However, plans eventually fell through for the Houston franchise after the Houston Buffaloes owner, Marty Marion, could not come to an agreement with the HSA to sell the team.[7] To make matters worse, the Continental League as a whole folded in August 1960.

However, on October 17, 1960, the National League granted an expansion franchise to the Houston Sports Association in which their team could begin play in the 1962 season. According to the Major League Baseball Constitution, the Houston Sports Association was required to obtain territorial rights from the Houston Buffaloes in order to play in the Houston area, and again negotiations began to purchase the team.[8][9] Eventually, the Houston Sports Association succeeded in purchasing the Houston Buffaloes, at this point majority-owned by William Hopkins, on January 17, 1961.[10] The Buffs played one last minor league season as the top farm team of the Chicago Cubs in 1961 before being succeeded by the city's NL club.

The new Houston team was named the Colt .45s after a "Name The Team" contest was won by William Irving Neder. The Colt .45 was well known as "the gun that won the west."[11] The colors selected were navy blue and orange. The first team was a group of scrubs formed mostly through an expansion draft after the 1961 season. The Colt .45s and their expansion cousins, the New York Mets, took turns choosing players left unprotected by the other National League franchises.

Many of those associated with the Houston Buffaloes organization were allowed by the ownership to continue in the major league. Manager 1961 Major League Baseball expansion draft, Buffs players J.C. Hartman, Pidge Browne, Jim Campbell, Ron Davis, Dave Giusti, and Dave Roberts were chosen to continue as major league ball players.

Similarly, the radio broadcasting team remained with the new Houston major league franchise. Loel Passe worked alongside Gene Elston as a color commentator until he retired from broadcasting in 1976. Elston continued with the Astros until 1986.

The Colt .45s began their existence playing at Colt Stadium. Colt Stadium, however, was just a temporary field until Judge Hofheinz could build an indoor stadium.

1962–1964: The Colt .45s

Colt .45s logo, 1962–1964

The Colt .45s started their inaugural season on April 10, 1962, against the Chicago Cubs with Harry Craft as the Colt .45s' manager. Bob Aspromonte scored the first run for the Colt .45s on an Al Spangler triple in the first inning.[12] They started the season with a three-game sweep of the Cubs but eventually finished eighth among the National League's ten teams. The team's best pitcher, Richard "Turk" Farrell, lost 20 games despite an ERA of 3.02. A starter for the Colt .45s, Farrell was primarily a relief pitcher prior to playing for Houston. He was selected to both All-Star Games in 1962.[13]

The 1963 season saw more young talent mi==Taxonavigation== Species: Houston Astros

Name

  • Houston Astros Tenorio, 1969
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