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Humboldt County, Nevada

Humboldt County, Nevada
Humboldt County Courthouse in Winnemucca
Map of Nevada highlighting Humboldt County
Location in the state of Nevada
Map of the United States highlighting Nevada
Nevada's location in the U.S.
Founded 1856
Seat Winnemucca
Largest city Winnemucca
 • Total 9,658 sq mi (25,014 km2)
 • Land 9,641 sq mi (24,970 km2)
 • Water 17 sq mi (44 km2), 0.2%
 • (2010) 16,528
 • Density 1.7/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Website .us.hcnvwww

Humboldt County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,528.[1] Its county seat is Winnemucca.[2]

Humboldt County comprises the Winnemucca, NV Micropolitan Statistical Area.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Major highways 2.1
    • Adjacent counties 2.2
    • National protected areas 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Education 4
  • Law enforcement 5
  • Communities 6
    • City 6.1
    • Census-designated places 6.2
    • Unincorporated communities 6.3
  • See also 7
  • References 8


Humboldt County is the oldest county in Nevada, created by the Utah Territorial Legislature in 1856. It was also one of Nevada's original nine counties created in 1861. The county is named after the Humboldt River, which was named by John C. Fremont, after Baron Friedrich Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt, a German naturalist, traveler and statesman.[3] Humboldt never saw the places that bear his name. Unionville was the first county seat in 1861 until the mining boom died there and it was moved to Winnemucca on the transcontinental railroad line in 1873.

The county was the site of an arrest in 2000 that led to the U.S. Supreme Court decision Hiibel v. Sixth Judicial District Court of Nevada in 2004.

Humboldt County is referenced in Brandon Flowers' 2015 song "Digging Up The Heart", in which the protagonist meets "Christie, queen of Humboldt County" [4]


The Winnemucca Sand Dunes, north of Winnemucca

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 9,658 square miles (25,010 km2), of which 9,641 square miles (24,970 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (0.2%) is water.[5] It is the fourth-largest county in Nevada by area.

The Santa Rosa Range runs through eastern Humboldt County. The highest point in the county, 9,731-ft (2966 m) Granite Peak, is located in the range.[6] The most topographically prominent mountain in Humboldt County is unofficially known as Dan Dobbins Peak and is located in the remote Jackson Mountains.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas


As of the population density is 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There are 6,954 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county is 83.21% White, 4.02% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 8.54% from other races, and 3.09% from two or more races. 18.87% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 5,733 households out of which 40.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% are married couples living together, 7.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% are non-families. 22.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.77 and the average family size is 3.28.

In the county the population is spread out with 31.40% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 7.50% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females there are 110.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 110.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $47,147, and the median income for a family is $52,156. Males have a median income of $44,694 versus $25,917 for females. The per capita income for the county is $19,539. 9.70% of the population and 7.70% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.40% of those under the age of 18 and 10.80% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Winnemucca State Bank and Trust building is on the National Register of Historic Places.


Wildflowers in Paradise Valley, 2008

Humboldt County School District serves Humboldt County.

Law enforcement

There have been at least two allegations of abuse of civil forfeiture by Humboldt County Sheriff's deputy Lee Dove. Both cases were successfully won by the civilians in question, albeit at great personal expense.[13]



Winnemucca is the sole incorporated city in the county.

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 163. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Granite Peak, Nevada". Retrieved 2014-10-11. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  13. ^ O’Harrow Jr., Robert; Sallah, Michael (8 September 2014). "They fought the law. Who won?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 

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